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Animal Farm by George Orwell
- Publication Date: June 1, 1996
- Paperback: 128 pages
- Publisher: Plume
- ISBN-10: 0452277507
- ISBN-13: 9780452277502
- About the Book
- Reading Guide (PDF)
- Birthday: June 25, 1903
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'Animal Farm' Questions for Study and Discussion
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Since George Orwell 's 1945 novel " Animal Farm " is such a complex work, you can better understand its themes and plot devices by working your way through study questions. Use these "Animal Farm" discussion questions as a guide to better comprehending the book, but for context, first, make sure you understand the gist of the story and its related history.
'Animal Farm' in Context
In short, "Animal Farm" is an allegory that depicts the rise of Joseph Stalin and communism in the former Soviet Union. Orwell was dismayed by the favorable image of World War II-era and the post-war Soviet Union. He viewed the USSR as a brutal dictatorship whose people were suffering under Stalin's rule. In addition, Orwell was angered by what he viewed as acceptance of the Soviet Union by Western countries. Given this, Stalin, Hitler , and Karl Marx are all represented in the novel , which ends with the famous quote , “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.”
Questions for Review
With the context of the book in mind, prepare to answer the "Animal Farm" discussion questions below. You can review them before you read the book, as you read it, or afterward. In any case, looking at these questions will improve your comprehension of the material.
Your answers may reveal why the book has endured for generations. Discuss with your classmates or a friend who's familiar with the book. You may have somewhat different takes on the novel, but analyzing what you've read is a great way to connect with the material.
- What is important about the title?
- Why do you think Orwell chose to represent political figures as animals? Why did he choose a farm as the novel's setting?
- What if Orwell had chosen jungle or marine animals to represent the political figures?
- Is it important to know the world history of the mid- and late-1940s to fully understand what Orwell is trying to portray?
- "Animal Farm" has been described as a dystopian novel. What are some other examples of fictional works with dystopian settings?
- Compare "Animal Farm" with Orwell's other famous cautionary tale, " 1984 ." How similar are the messages of these two works? What's different about them?
- What are the symbols in "Animal Farm?" Are they easily recognized by readers who don't know the historical context of the novel?
- Can you discern an authorial voice (a character who speaks the author's point of view) in "Animal Farm?"
- How essential is the setting to the story? Could the story have taken place somewhere else and still made the same points?
- Does the story end the way you expected? What other outcomes could there have been for "Animal Farm?"
- What would a sequel to "Animal Farm" have looked like? Were Orwell's fears about Stalin realized?
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George orwell, everything you need for every book you read..
Welcome to the LitCharts study guide on George Orwell's Animal Farm . Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides.
Animal Farm: Introduction
Animal farm: plot summary, animal farm: detailed summary & analysis, animal farm: themes, animal farm: quotes, animal farm: characters, animal farm: symbols, animal farm: theme wheel, brief biography of george orwell.
Historical Context of Animal Farm
Other books related to animal farm.
- Full Title: Animal Farm
- When Written: 1944-45
- Where Written: England
- When Published: 1945
- Literary Period: Modernism
- Genre: Allegorical Novel
- Setting: A farm somewhere in England in the first half of the 20th century
- Climax: The pigs appear standing upright and the sheep bleat, “Four legs good, two legs better!”
- Antagonist: Napoleon specifically, but the pigs and the dogs as groups are all antagonists.
- Point of View: Third Person
Extra Credit for Animal Farm
Tough Crowd. Though Animal Farm eventually made Orwell famous, three publishers in England and several American publishing houses rejected the novel at first. One of the English editors to reject the novel was the famous poet T.S. Eliot, who was an editor at the Faber & Faber publishing house. One American editor, meanwhile, told Orwell that it was “impossible to sell animal stories in the U.S.A.”
Red Scare. Orwell didn’t just write literature that condemned the Communist state of the USSR. He did everything he could, from writing editorials to compiling lists of men he knew were Soviet spies, to combat the willful blindness of many intellectuals in the West to USSR atrocities.
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Study Help Essay Questions
1. Compare the lives of the animals when they live under Jones and under Napoleon. In what ways has Napoleon proven himself a similar tyrant?
2. Closely examine old Major's speech to the animals in Chapter 1 and discuss the ways in which he uses language to persuade his listeners.
3. Explain how one of the novel's minor characters (such as Mollie or Moses) illuminates Orwell's major themes and issues.
4. Examine Orwell's tone when describing the way the animals think of themselves under Napoleon's rule: How does Orwell's tone add to the novel's humor?
5. Explain how the human characters contribute to the novel's themes and issues.
6. Based upon Animal Farm , what deductions can a reader make about the kind of political system of which Orwell would approve?
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By George Orwell
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Animal Farm Discussion Questions Chapter 1 Group Discussion Questions
by mariame moushil
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Literature has generally been defined as a mirror of life. A writer presents his one way mirror to the society to portray the good and ills of the society. Keen observation has revealed that many writers share striking similarities and differences in their presentation of the mirror, even when they capture the same society, event or idea. This article undertakes a comparative literary analysis of two distinguished fictions, namely: Animal Farm by George Orwell and Arms and the Man by George Bernard Shaw. The texts were carefully chosen from a syllabus of comparative literature found in the Department of English, Houdegbe North American University Benin. The goal of this article is to spotlight, through a literary comparison of the forms, the major and salient differences and similarities in the portrayal of realism as opposed to idealism. The forms of the works which are compared ranges from the title, plot, and characterisation to themes, style and settings. In conclusion, the result shows that the two works of art fervently uphold the realism movement; on the other hand, defaming and debunking the idealism movement.
Mamadou Moustapha Sangharé
SKIREC Publication- UGC Approved Journals
This research has attempted to analyse the famous novel 'Animal Farm' by the Indian-based British novelist and journalist George Orwell (1903-50) based on the notions of 'colonialism' and 'post colonialism'. The researcher firstly introduced and explained these two notions and their basic concepts and classifications. Based on the previous step, the novel was analysed chapter by chapter. In each chapter, various instances of colonialism and post colonialism and their basic concepts were described and explicated. Finally the researcher's findings in the previous section resulted in his concluding remarks about the whole novel. Colonialism means a country occupying another country in order to exploit that country and its population for its own benefit. Post colonialism refers to the study of such a phenomenon and its effects on the society colonized. The novel 'Animal Farm' begins with a farm in which all animals are colonized and exploited by a human being. The story proceeds to the postcolonial era at which the animals expel the human master of the farm and organize the farm cooperatively. The novel ends in another colonial period in which a group of animals dominate the farm and exploit its inhabitants. In both colonial periods, animals' enslavement and exploitation, discriminations between superior and inferior powers in the farm, use of force and violence to maintain hegemony, and both physical and mental (ideological) colonization are observable.
Syeda Javeria Hussain
‘Animal Farm’ was one of Orwell’s goals to portray the ‘Russian Revolution’ of 1917 as one that resulted in a government more oppressive, totalitarian, and deadly than the one it overthrew. ‘Animal Farm’ is George Orwell’s most renowned political satire. It is an allegory, namely of the Russian Revolution.Throughout the whole novel we can see parallels between the events of Animal Farm and the events during the ‘Russian Revolution’. Every single character that appears in the ‘Animal Farm’ represents a certain person or a social group of the time of ‘Russian Revolution’.
2007, The Cambridge Companion to George Orwell
Ola Hafez , Ola Hafez
1995, Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Comparative Literature: History in Literature
This paper attempts a critical discourse analysis of Orwell's Animal Farm to highlight ploys of manipulation. Animal Farm, a satire on the Russian Revolution, is constructed of three stages: a) animal suffering from human exploitation; b) the expulsion of man and the establishment of democracy; and c) the gradual deterioration into a totalitarian state. The goals for which the animals have rebelled are soon mystified by the pigs, who claim to be the "brain workers" of the farm, take privileges while exploiting the "lower animals", and continuously modify the law of the farm to suit their purposes. A critical discourse analysis is carried out to elucidate the process of manipulation by analyzing such ploys as generic statements, modality, forms of reference and address, and rewording. Such an analysis aims at highlighting the tools of domination, the language of mystification and rationalization of inequality used by the pigs to undermine the lower animals' authority over their own judgment and keep them under control. Eventually the pigs represent all "the vices of man" for which the rebellion started: injustice and abuse of power. As many of the ploys used by the pigs are true to totalitarian states, a study of the discourse of manipulation should be helpful in raising consciousness essential to the establishment of real democracy.
2014, Media Bahasa Journal
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Maurice Amutabi , N'Télam OULAM
2018, N’Télam OULAM. (2018). The Conflict of Leadership in Animal Farm: An Impediment to Development. Journal of African Interdisciplinary Studies (JAIS). Volume 2, Number 5, May 2018, pages 60 – 81.
Leadership is a practical skill which includes the ability of an individual to guide other individuals, teams, or entire organisations. It is also a process of social influence in which a person can gain the help and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task. Thus, individuals can and do emerge as leaders across a variety of situations and tasks. Some move to leadership through authoritative or autocratic ways while others proceed through merit or consensual empathetic guidance. By so doing, a leader can be moved not only by communitarian goals but also by the search for personal power. This personal ambition created a conflictual situation around leadership in George Orwell's Animal Farm where animals drove Man out of the farm and fought among themselves for this position of leader. They overthrew Mr. Jones and moved from Manor Farm to Animal Farm under Napoleon's dictatorship and then ended up in man's tyranny when all the pigs are seen walking with two legs at the end of the novel. What do we mean by conflict of leadership? In what ways does it constitute an impediment to development? The article analyses and shows how the opposition between leaders has delayed and suppressed any hope of progress and proposes some ways to a good leadership for the development of the African continent. The analysis has proved that there is no single optimal profile of a leader. Therefore, none of intelligence, trustworthiness, humaneness, courage and discipline alone is enough; we need a combination of these values or qualities and a favourable environment for a successful leadership.
2020, Abuse Practice of Power in Orwell's Animal Farm: A Historical Approach
It occurs very often to observe the exploitation of common people by the politicians owing to leader's bad use of absolute power and the silence of the people. It appears that knowledge and education will lead to absolute power which culminates in suffering and oppression of simple and naïve people in the Soviet Union. The language used in Animal Farm was not known by the majority and this leads to threat through different principles and laws. This enabled the leaders to exploit the others for their greedy desires and to do abnormal actions. As a result of the use of a vague language and the implementation of fear tactics then creating laws to help them to manipulate others, they could convince them and then they invented lies at the interest of leaders. Yet the others due to their simplicities were easily convinced, while power could be used to serve the entire population of the Soviet Union. The study uses historical approach for the analysis of the research.
In the beginning chapters of the research I have tried to lay the ground for the root and nature of revolutions and how everything starts. The focus is on the ideologies, movements, and conditions that are necessary, or are the circumstances and causes of the sparkling of world historical revolutions. Understanding these range of circumstances and ideologies aids in drawing a crystal picture about reforms and their outcomes. Modernism, Marxism, Communism, and Socialism are the 19th and 20th century movements and ideologies that paved the way for many rebellions and brought about huge reforms in world societies and governments, either for better or worse. These concepts are elastic terms that different countries and politics used it differently to shape their needs, but reality is people cannot be fooled forever. And world’s greatest advancements are due to the light and goodness in people’s mind, not sneaky and evil politics. Throughout the second chapter my efforts are to portray the life of the great writer Eric Blair, George Orwell, and to draw links between the events of his life and his narration in Animal Farm; so as to present the influence of one’s life age events from childhood to adultness on his life, ideology, and production. In this case, Blair’s life event and motives on writing his masterpieces Animal Farm and Nineteen-Eighty-Four. The Main focus of the paper is on drawing a realistic picture based on world revolutions on the nature and course of revolutions. Revolutions have always been part of our history, mostly bloody and devastating. My quest on the research is on finding out a common pattern between the current and past revolutions, and whether they have pushed our world forward and created real reforms or left us with more problem to deal with. Or whether there could have been any other way to create social and political reform without violence, and revolution; Animal Farm as a case study for efforts on creating a utopian society.
Dr. OMAR O JABAK
2019, English Literature and Language Review
The present research study attempted to provide an interpretation of George Orwell"s Animal Farm as an outcry against false revolutionary leaders who go back on their promises and turn into dehumanized dictators even worse than the dictators against whom they and their fellow revolutionaries rebelled. To achieve that objective, the researcher read the novella critically within its socio-political context and traced the transformation of the leading character, Napoleon, who stands for such revolutionary leaders. The data of the current research were all extracted from Orwell"s Animal Farm. The researcher used content analysis to analyze the selected data and developed an analytical comparison through which he closely examined Napoleon"s character before and after the revolution. The findings of the study revealed that Napoleon was an opportunistic revolutionary who used the revolution to an evil end. Napoleon"s dramatic transformation from a noble revolutionary into a ruthless, corrupt ruler proved that Orwell"s novella can be read as an attack on false revolutionary leaders who become dehumanized despots, far worse than the dictators whom they aspired to replace with democratic leaders.
Pablo Folgueira Lombardero
This study analyzed a socio-political phenomenon in Orwell’s Animal Farm. The study was aimed at explaining the manipulation of ideological values by the ruling classes as represented in the literary work. This research employed deconstruction approach In order to analyze the existing phenomenon. The investigation of the research resulted in several finding which dealt with the existing phenomenon. First, democracy was manipulated by the ruling classes into a brainwashing ideology which was used to transform people in the society into political weapon; in this case the manipulated democracy is then called as conspiratorial democracy. Second, by using the conspiratorial democracy, the ruling classes could prepare their own political weapon to take down their political rivals. By using it, the ruling classes could also gain both social control and political power in the society. Third, Further investigation found that after gaining the social control and political power, the ruling classes used Repressive State Apparatus (RSA) and Ideological State Apparatus (ISA) in order to sustain the power that had been gained. Fourth, from the overall investigation, it can be concluded that the ruling classes used the conspiratorial democracy to primarily create control in the society which then turned the people into brainwashed political weapon that they could use in the power dispute. Keywords: Animal Farm, deconstruction, ideology, conspiratorial democracy, RSA, ISA, power dispute.
2016, International Journal of Literature and Arts
This paper studies the key roles that anthropomorphism plays in George Orwell's Animal Farm and Mark Twain's A Dog's Tale. In many ways, it is confusing when it comes to the difference between personification and anthropomorphism. To avoid this, the researcher makes a comparison between these two literary devices. Then the function of anthropomorphism is explained. Finally the purpose of anthropomorphism in the mentioned texts is made clear through textual analysis approach.
Abdul Bari Niazi
The present paper is about the applications Of Eugene Nida's model of translation On George Orwell's Animal Farm (1945) Translated by Allau-Ud-Din which attempts to seek the analysis of translated paragraph either fulfills the dynamic equivalence model (1964) of Eugene Nida or the translation made by Allau-Ud-Din follow other model. However, other models are being touched to make the analysis for incorporating applications for translation such as Vinay and Darbelnet's model (1995), Catford's model (1965), Katherine Reiss' model (1977), action model introduced by Holz-Manttari (1984), SKOPOS' model introduced by Hans.J.Vrmeer (1989) and House's model of translation (1994). However, the four basic requirements of translation given by Nida are observed in the entire novel. Alongwith these issues, the cultural difference is also worth noticing in the Urdu translation of source text as it recognizes the role of translator to take optional shifts in translation can be attributed to the difference between the original writer and the translator as two text produces. As we already know English and Urdu languages have different grammatical structures so translator employs the technique of structural shift. In which Allau-Ud-Din changes the grammatical structure of source text according to target text to make the accurate translation. Therefore, the analysis of this paper seeks to investigate the application of Eugene Nida's model of translation based on Equivalence, Translational shift approaches, Functional theories of translation and Discourse and Register analytical models, on George Orwell's Animal Farm (1945) translation made by Allau-Ud-Din.
2019, Literary Voice
Language plays a pivotal role in dystopian narrative, which gained enormous significance in the twentieth century through a boom in literary dystopias and other texts of speculative fiction. Language as an instrumental tool of social engineering becomes a functional means either manipulatively to suppress the fictional characters or to resist against the repressive power in the alternative world projections of literary dystopias. It is what shapes the formation of a certain ideological mindset granting or denying the character the opportunity to speak his/her mind. In this context, the aim of this article is to discuss the crucial role of language in dystopian fiction by analyzing manipulative discourse in George Orwell's Animal Farm.
Goran O . Mustafa
Revolution as a phenomenon is considered as a way to a complete change of a situation or system of government to a better one. Is revolution really the right way to fulfil our dreams and have a better way of life? Or is it simply just changing the face of rulers or the name of the governments? Many writers and novelists have written about this issue. George Orwell, who is considered as a political writer, is one of them. He wrote many novels. Animal Farm, as one of them, is an allegorical story of some animals on a farm. They begin a revolution against the humans with the dream of getting rid of Man as the root cause of their problems, and to be rich and free. They have a short period of honeymoon revolution, but then their dream of building a utopian farm is crashed by the pigs and they would find themselves in dystopia. This paper aims to study the nature of revolution generally to shed light on human history, Then to explore how this phenomenon is treated by Orwell in his novel. Can we consider revolution as a right way to have a complete change in the political system and thinking of people? The researchers try to illuminate and find answers for those questions by providing examples from the story of Animal Farm.
A philosophy initiated by a pioneer redirects its course from the proposed ideology when the origin ceases to exist. In this case, it happens to be the OLD MAJOR; an old wise pig. Staying by chance not by choice in the setting of MANOR FARM; 'the comrades of old major' have accepted their lives to be no other way but this, ruled and governed by man's interests and luxuries. Mr Jones, the owner of MANOR FARM; exploits these animals treating them ruthlessly up until one of them challenges and refuses to keep things the way they were. He turns out to be the motivator for the herd inspiring them to change things around them; convincing them about the fact that; to be born as an animal is not living a laborious life for the benefit of human race. He infact states that " MAN IS THE ONLY CREATURE THAT CONSUMES WITHOUT PRODUCING. REMOVE MAN FROM THE SCENE, AND THE ROOT CAUSEOF HUNGER AND OVERWORK IS ABOLISHED FOR EVER ". Few days later; after his death, the fellow beings continue living in the same scenario with the Major's wise words still ringing in the head, unaware of how to implement the revolt and when and why should it happen if at all it has to. Anything that reaches its maximum level of tolerance backfires at the peak point, No different are the animals who vouch for a REBELLION on being starved for the entire day by their self centred master. ANIMAL FARM as the name changes from manor farm is seen as the initial step of freeing the animals from the shackles of humans. Being slightly more educated than the fellow beings, makes the pigs sit on the position to decide the so called habitability for the rest of the farm. This scenario could very much draw a parallel between animals and the way humans lead their life. NAPOLEAN and SNOWBALL, obedient descendants of old major keep legacy maintained by taking the lead and imparting reading and writing classes to the fellow beings. Characters that highlight several
Monster or a Vampire is a construct used in literature. This very construct can stand as a metaphor. This paper reads the political satire Animal Farm by George Orwell as a vampire story.
Özet George Orwell'in ilk kez 1945 yılında yayınlanan Animal Farm başlıklı kitabı; bir fabl, 1917 Rus Devrimi ve sonrasında yaşananlara yönelik bir yergi ve son olarak da politika ve günlük yaşamda kullanılan çok çeşitli propaganda ve ikna yöntemini örnekleyen bir metin olarak üç farklı şekilde okunmaktadır. İlk yayınlandığından bu yana geçen 71 yılda, yaklaşık 70 dile çevrilmiş, milyonlarca satmıştır. Kitaba dünya çapında sürekli ve azalmayan bir ilginin olmasının nedenlerinden biri, içinde örneği sunulan propaganda ve ikna yöntemleri ile insanların rızasını kazanma şekillerinin günlük yaşamda da geçerliliğini korumasındandır. Metnin akışı içinde, kimi karakterlerin güç kazanmasının, gerçek yaşamda da karşılaşılabilecek bir şekilde diğerlerinin güç kaybetmesi ile sonuçlandığı görülmektedir. Diğer yandan, bu karakterlerin gerek güç kazanma ve gerekse gücü elinde tutma süreçlerinde, diğerlerinin de yine gerçek yaşamda söz konusu olabilecek bir şekilde, ya güç kaybetmek pahasına, ya da güçten paylarını almak uğruna ikna olup rıza gösterdikleri görülmektedir. Bu çalışmada, Animal Farm üzerinden propagandacının propaganda ve ikna söylemleri ile rıza gösterenin kendini ikna etmeye ve rıza göstermeye yönelik söylemleri metinlerarası bir bakışla irdelenmekte ve bu suretle gerek yazınsal metinlerde, gerekse gerçek yaşamda yer alan propaganda, ikna ve rıza söylemlerinin okunuşuna ışık tutulması amaçlanmaktadır. Çalışmada ayrıca, bu söylemlerin Türkçe ve Fransızca çevirilere ne şekilde yansıtıldığı ve özgün metindeki etkinin çevirilerde ne ölçüde sağlandığı değerlendirilmektedir. Abstract First published in 1945, George Orwell's Animal Farm is read as a fable as well as a criticism of the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the subsequent events. The book is also read as a text that illustrates different techniques of propaganda and persuasion used in politics as well as in daily life. During the 71 years since its first publication, the book has been translated into nearly 70 languages and millions of copies have been sold. One of the reasons for the continuous and sustained interest in the book is the validity of the techniques of propaganda and persuasion illustrated, as well as the methods of gaining consent in daily life. In the course of the text, some characters' acquisition of power results in others' dispossession of it, in a way that can be the case in real life situations. On the other hand, in the process of these characters' obtaining and maintaining power, the others provide their consent, thereby sharing this power or losing it even further, once again in a way that may be witnessed in real life. In this study, discourses of propaganda, persuasion, self-persuasion, and consent are examined from an intertextual standpoint with the aim of shedding light on the reading of propaganda, persuasion and consent discourses in literary
Joshua B . Gardiner
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24 comments, ms. spencer.
I needed something else to start with. Thank you for being accessible!
Extremely helpful, thank you so much! I had made a whole load of Animal Farm resources at a previous school, but got taken ill suddenly and left them all there, never to return. Found myself unexpectedly asked to teach Animal Farm this morning out of the blue and here you were to help! Most appreciative! Kelly
Brian J Christiana
Thank you so much!!! 1st year teacher, and this resource has been so valuable to me! I appreciate your work!
Very good worksheets. The website is great. We don’t have any books and your website is helping a lot. Very much appreciated.
Thanks a lot. Although I havn’t used it yet, based on the feedback of other users, I believe it will help me and my Chinese students a lot. Thank you again
Thank You!!! This is the first year I am teaching this. I have to adapt all my material for my special education students, and this gives me a starting point.
I spend most of my time and creative energy on my English II classes, so it is a wonderful relief to find good-quality materials for my English I. Thank you for these worksheets–they make me feel better about the time I just can’t give to my single class of freshmen.
Absolutely great help…..We do welcome these worksheets…!! us tired teachers!! Our profession turns us into “Boxer-like” characters… so finding these was like touching the sky…!! Thank you sooo much!!
I love the way that you put that. One day I hope to finish these reading units. In the mean time, thank you for appreciating what I have.
Thank you! These sheets are great 🙂
Thanks for the worksheets!
You are a life saver. First year teaching this novella. Any ideas on how to contrast the Russian revolution to this allegory would be welcomed. Thanks so much for worksheets. You are my hero!
Oh I wish. I love this novel so much but I haven’t taught it in years. Practically burned the photocopy machine out last time we tried reading it… I’d do a wild act of hyperbole for a classroom set of this text.
Jigsaw research presentations covering major figures: Marx, Stalin, Trotsky, etc. Tie in with writing or discussion about symbolism. Best wishes!
Awesome worksheets! Thank you so much.
Excellent resource for teachers.
Thanks so much for these worksheets. I have my soon-to-be freshman reading over the summer break. I read Animal Farm all so many years ago when I was in 8th grade.
I love that book so much. I can’t wait until it falls into the public domain (fingers crossed).
I used the worksheets with my student today. Those helped us a lot. I express my sincere gratitude on behalf of my student and myself to you.
Do you by chance have the worksheets made for the other chapters, yet? The ones you posted worked wonderfully!
I wish. I fell of the ball on that and I haven’t taught the novel since 2008. Now I don’t have a class set anymore, but I’ve been bugging my principal. Anyway, sorry I can’t help more at this time. Maybe try to give them a project ?
These are wonderful, do you not have one for every chapter?
Not yet. I’ll get some made next time around. Thanks for visiting.
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