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Essay on Air Pollution

Environmental changes are caused by the natural or artificial content of harmful pollutants and can cause instability, disturbance, or adverse effects on the ecosystem. Earth and its environment pose a more serious threat due to the increasing pollution of air, water, and soil. Environmental damage is caused by improper resource management or careless human activities. Therefore, any activity that violates the original nature of the environment and leads to degradation is called pollution. We need to understand the origin of these pollutants and find ways to control pollution. This can also be done by raising awareness of the effects of pollutants.

Air pollution is any physical, chemical, or biological change in the air. A certain percentage of the gas is present in the atmosphere. Increasing or decreasing the composition of these gasses is detrimental to survival. This imbalance in gas composition causes an increase in global temperature which is called global warming.

Introduction to air pollution 

The Earth and its environment are facing a serious threat by the increasing pollution of the air, water, and soil—the vital life support systems of the Earth. The damage to the environment is caused by improper management of resources or by careless human activity. Hence any activity that violates the original character of nature and leads to its degradation is called pollution. We need to understand the sources of these pollutants and find ways to control pollution. This can be also done by making people aware of the effects of pollutants. 

Air with 78% Nitrogen, 21% Oxygen, and 1% of all other gasses support life on Earth. Various processes take place to sustain the regular percentage of gasses and their composition in general. 

Atmospheric pollution can have natural sources, for example, volcanic eruptions. The gaseous by-products of man-made processes such as energy production, waste incineration, transport, deforestation and agriculture, are the major air pollutants.

Although air is made up of mostly Oxygen and Nitrogen, mankind, through pollution, has increased the levels of many trace gasses, and in some cases, released completely new gasses to the atmosphere. 

Air pollution can result in poor air quality, both in cities and in the countryside. Some air pollutants make people sick, causing breathing problems and increasing the likelihood of cancer. 

Some air pollutants are harmful to plants, animals, and the ecosystems in which they live. Statues, monuments, and buildings are being corroded by the air pollutants in the form of acid rain. It also damages crops and forests, and makes lakes and streams unsuitable for fish and other plant and animal life. 

Air pollution created by man-made resources is also changing the Earth’s atmosphere. It is causing the depletion of the ozone layer and letting in more harmful radiation from the Sun. The greenhouse gasses released into the atmosphere prevents heat from escaping back into space and leads to a rise in global average temperatures. Global warming affects the average sea-level and increases the spread of tropical diseases.

Air pollution occurs when large amounts of gas and tiny particles are released into the air and the ecological balance is disturbed. Each year millions of tons of gasses and particulate matter are emitted into the air. 

Primary air pollutants are pollutants, which are directly released into the air. They are called SPM, i.e., Suspended Particulate Matter. For example, smoke, dust, ash, sulfur oxide, nitrogen oxide, and radioactive compounds, etc.

Secondary Pollutants are pollutants, which are formed due to chemical interactions between the atmospheric components and primary pollutants. For example, Smog (i.e. Smoke and fog), ozone, etc.

Major gaseous air pollutants include Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen Sulfide, Sulfur Dioxide and Nitrogen Oxide, etc.

Natural sources are volcanic eruptions, forest fires, dust storms, etc. 

Man-made sources include gasses released from the automobiles, industries, burning of garbage and bricks kilns, etc.

Effects of Air Pollution on Human Health

Air pollution has adverse effects on human health. 

Breathing polluted air puts you at higher risk of asthma.

When exposed to ground ozone for 6 to 7 hours, people suffer from respiratory inflammation.

Damages the immune system, endocrine, and reproductive systems.

A high level of air pollution has been associated with higher incidents of heart problems.

The toxic chemicals released into the air are affecting the flora and fauna immensely.

Preventive Measures to Reduce Air Pollution

We can prevent pollution by utilizing raw materials, water energy, and other resources more efficiently. When less harmful substances are substituted for hazardous ones, and when toxic substances are eliminated from the production process, human health can be protected and economic wellbeing can be strengthened. 

There are several measures that can be adopted by people to reduce pollution and to save the environment.


Promotion of public transport.

No smoking zone.

Restricted use of fossil fuels.

Saving energy.

Encouraging organic farming.

The government has put restrictions on the amount of fossil fuels that can be used as well as restrictions on how much carbon dioxide and other pollutants can be emitted. Although the government is attempting to save our environment from these harmful gasses, it is not sufficient. We as a society need to keep the environment clean by controlling the pollution of air.


FAQs on Air Pollution Essay

1. State the Causes of Air Pollution ?

The following are the causes of air pollution.

Vehicular pollution consisting of Carbon Monoxide causes pollution.

Emission of Nitrogen oxide by a large number of supersonic transport airplanes causes deterioration of the Ozone layer and also causes serious damage to the flora and fauna.

The release of Chlorofluorocarbons into the Stratosphere causes depletion of Ozone, which is a serious concern to animals, microscopic, and aquatic organisms.

Burning garbage causes smoke, which pollutes the atmosphere. This smoke contains harmful gases such as Carbon dioxide and Nitrogen oxides.

In India, brick kilns are used for many purposes and coal is used to burn the bricks. They give out huge quantities of Carbon dioxide and particulate matter such as smoke, dust that are very harmful to people working there and the areas surrounding it. 

Many cleansing agents release poisonous gases such as Ammonia and Chlorine into the atmosphere. 

Radioactive elements emit harmful rays into the air.

Decomposed animals and plants emit Methane and Ammonia gas into the air.

2. What Does Global Warming Mean?

Global warming is the gradual rising average temperature of the Earth's atmosphere due to the concentration of methane in certain toxic gasses such as carbon dioxide. This has a major impact on the world climate. The world is warming. The land and the sea are now warmer than they were at the beginning and temperatures are still rising. This rise in temperature is, in short, global warming. This temperature rise is man-made. The burning of fossil fuels releases greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere which capture solar heat and raise surface and air temperatures.

3. Name the Alternative Modes of Transport. In What Way Does it Help to Reduce Air Pollution?

Public transport could be an alternative mode of transport. Public transport like trains, buses and trams, can relieve traffic congestion and reduce air pollution from road transport. The use of public transport must be encouraged in order to develop a sustainable transport policy.

4. Mention other means of transportation! How can I help reduce air pollution?

Public transportation can be another mode of transportation. Public transport such as trains, buses and trams can reduce traffic congestion and reduce air pollution from road transport. The use of public transport and to develop sustainable transport policies should be encouraged. While one passenger vehicle has the convenience factor, other modes of transportation reduce travel costs, spend less time, reduce stress, improve health, and reduce energy consumption and parking. Other trips for work include walking/cycling, public transport, hybrid travel and transport.

5. What are the effects of pollution?

Excessive air pollution can increase the risk of heart attack, wheezing, coughing and difficulty breathing, as well as irritation of the eyes, nose and throat. Air pollution can also cause heart problems, asthma, and other lung problems. Due to the emission of greenhouse gases, the composition of the air in the air is disturbed. This causes an increase in global temperature. The damaging ozone layer due to air pollution does not prevent harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun, which cause skin and eye problems in individuals. Air pollution has caused a number of respiratory and heart diseases among people. The incidence of lung cancer has increased in recent decades. Children living in contaminated areas are more likely to develop pneumonia and asthma. Many people die every year due to the direct or indirect effects of air pollution. When burning fossil fuels, harmful gases such as nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides are released into the air. Water droplets combine with these pollutants and become acidic and fall as acid rain, which harms human, animal and plant life.

6. What is the solution to air pollution?

Production of renewable fuels and clean energy. The basic solution to air pollution is to get away from fossil fuels and replace them with other energies such as solar, wind and geothermal. The government limits the amount of fossil fuel that can be used and how much carbon dioxide and other pollutants it can emit. While the government is trying to save our environment from this harmful gas, it is not enough. We as a society need to keep the environment clean by controlling air pollution. To more in detail about air pollution and its causes. To learn more about air pollution and its impact on the environment, visit the Vedantu website.

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Air Pollution Essay for Students in English: 100, 200 and 500 Words

Air pollution is becoming a serious issue that’s affecting human health, flora and fauna and overall well-being of Earth. As responsible citizens of the world, it’s our duty to take care of anything that’s harming the planet and leave it in better condition for future generations. Here are a few sample essays children can use to write about air pollution and learn about different ways to mitigate this crisis.

100 Words Essay on Air Pollution

200 words essay on air pollution, 500 words essay on air pollution.

Air Pollution Essay for Students in English: 100, 200 and 500 Words

Any physical, chemical, or biological alteration in the air is referred to as air pollution. The atmosphere contains a specific portion of the gas. It is harmful to survival to change the makeup of these gases. “Global warming” is the term used to describe the rise in global temperature caused by this imbalance in gas composition. Hazardous pollutants, whether present naturally or artificially, can modify the environment and have a negative impact on the ecosystem. Ineffective resource management and reckless human activity are harming the environment and therefore it is our responsibility as inhabitants of Earth to take care of it.

Pollution is any activity that tampers with the environment's fundamental characteristics and causes damage. The air we breathe is no longer clean and fresh, it has been contaminated by pollutants. The threat to Earth and its ecosystem is getting worse as a result of the contamination of the air, water, and soil. These pollutants are causing a number of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases—our immune system is getting affected negatively, and children are at a high risk of developing asthma and other breathing problems. There are numerous factors that frequently increase this air pollution. Automobiles, transportation methods, industrialization, expanding cities, etc. are the main causes of air pollution. The contamination of the entire atmosphere is brought on by the release of various toxic gases or dangerous components from such sources.

Air pollution, which has a negative impact on the environment, also has a significant impact on the ozone layer. The primary contributor to pollution is the ever-increasing demands of the human population. Daily human activities pump harmful chemicals into the atmosphere, making it more polluted than ever and accelerating climate change. The flora and fauna are also being severely impacted by the airborne harmful chemical releases. The rising contamination of the Earth's air, water, and soil—the essential life support systems of the planet—poses a major threat to the planet and its environment.

One of today's top environmental concerns is air pollution. There are numerous factors that frequently increase this air pollution. Toxic gases, particulates, paint, and batteries containing lead are released throughout the industrialization process. The ozone layer is also being destroyed and the world is being exposed to dangerous solar rays as a result of all the contaminants in touch with the atmosphere.

Ozone is a contaminant that exists at the ground level and can be harmful to human health. But the same ozone creates a layer of defence in the stratosphere. The "good" ozone, however, is being destroyed by ozone-depleting substances—such as hydrochlorofluorocarbons, and chlorofluorocarbons. These chemicals were once used in coolants, foaming agents, insecticides, solvents, and fire extinguishers and occasionally still are.

Primary and secondary pollutants are the two categories that have emerged as a result of the growing number of air pollutants. Primary pollutants, which include smoke, ash, dust, fumes, mist, spray, inorganic gases, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and radioactive substances, have a direct negative impact on fresh air. Secondary pollutants are those that interact chemically with primary pollutants, as well as other elements in the atmosphere, such as sulphate trioxide, ozone, hydrocarbons, and nitrogen dioxide.

Causes of Air Pollution

The disposal of solid wastes that release methane gas and the breakdown of trash landfills are major sources of air pollution. This problem has become a severe environmental and health issue as a result of the population's rapid development, industrialisation, and greater use of cars, planes, and other transportation.

Common Effects of Air Pollution

Pollutants in the air we breathe every minute enter our bloodstream and travel to our lungs and entire body, producing a plethora of health issues. Animals can have health issues similar to people if they are exposed to air toxics in high enough quantities over an extended period of time. Air toxics also play a role in animal sickness, infertility, and birth abnormalities. Therefore, both directly and indirectly, pollution of the environment harms both plants, animals, and people.

What Can We Do

Using public transportation is a surefire short method to reduce air pollution because it uses less gas and electricity, even carpools help with the situation. A permanent, non-polluting, and extremely secure source of energy is the sun or solar power. Solar panels, which are special in design and simple to install, are also a technical benefit to society and the planet. They take in solar energy and store it to power various equipment and electronics. Another step you can take on this path is to plant more trees and live a simplistic life. Minimalist living is not only a trendy millennial lifestyle, but it also has significant societal and environmental benefits.

Air pollution may reach one million tonnes annually in the next decades if environmental protection measures are not taken seriously and effectively enforced. We need to drastically alter our everyday routines if we want to lower the level of air pollution. By making better use of raw materials, water energy, and other resources, we can reduce pollution. Human health can be safeguarded and economic wellbeing can be increased when less harmful compounds are exchanged for hazardous ones.

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Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems. 

Naval Architect

A Naval Architect is a professional who designs, produces and repairs safe and sea-worthy surfaces or underwater structures. A Naval Architect stays involved in creating and designing ships, ferries, submarines and yachts with implementation of various principles such as gravity, ideal hull form, buoyancy and stability. 

Field Surveyor

Are you searching for a Field Surveyor Job Description? A Field Surveyor is a professional responsible for conducting field surveys for various places or geographical conditions. He or she collects the required data and information as per the instructions given by senior officials. 

Highway Engineer

Highway Engineer Job Description:  A Highway Engineer is a civil engineer who specialises in planning and building thousands of miles of roads that support connectivity and allow transportation across the country. He or she ensures that traffic management schemes are effectively planned concerning economic sustainability and successful implementation.

Conservation Architect

A Conservation Architect is a professional responsible for conserving and restoring buildings or monuments having a historic value. He or she applies techniques to document and stabilise the object’s state without any further damage. A Conservation Architect restores the monuments and heritage buildings to bring them back to their original state.

Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

Veterinary Doctor

A veterinary doctor is a medical professional with a degree in veterinary science. The veterinary science qualification is the minimum requirement to become a veterinary doctor. There are numerous veterinary science courses offered by various institutes. He or she is employed at zoos to ensure they are provided with good health facilities and medical care to improve their life expectancy.


A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

Speech Therapist


Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.


The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

Cardiothoracic Surgeon

Cardiothoracic surgeons are an important part of the surgical team. They usually work in hospitals, and perform emergency as well as scheduled operations. Some of the cardiothoracic surgeons also work in teaching hospitals working as teachers and guides for medical students aspiring to become a cardiothoracic surgeon. A career as a cardiothoracic surgeon involves treating and managing various types of conditions within their speciality that includes their presence at different locations such as outpatient clinics, team meetings, and ward rounds. 

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Talent Agent

The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.


Careers in videography are art that can be defined as a creative and interpretive process that culminates in the authorship of an original work of art rather than a simple recording of a simple event. It would be wrong to portrait it as a subcategory of photography, rather photography is one of the crafts used in videographer jobs in addition to technical skills like organization, management, interpretation, and image-manipulation techniques. Students pursue Visual Media , Film, Television, Digital Video Production to opt for a videographer career path. The visual impacts of a film are driven by the creative decisions taken in videography jobs. Individuals who opt for a career as a videographer are involved in the entire lifecycle of a film and production. 

Multimedia Specialist

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story. 

They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Advertising Manager

Advertising managers consult with the financial department to plan a marketing strategy schedule and cost estimates. We often see advertisements that attract us a lot, not every advertisement is just to promote a business but some of them provide a social message as well. There was an advertisement for a washing machine brand that implies a story that even a man can do household activities. And of course, how could we even forget those jingles which we often sing while working?


Photography is considered both a science and an art, an artistic means of expression in which the camera replaces the pen. In a career as a photographer, an individual is hired to capture the moments of public and private events, such as press conferences or weddings, or may also work inside a studio, where people go to get their picture clicked. Photography is divided into many streams each generating numerous career opportunities in photography. With the boom in advertising, media, and the fashion industry, photography has emerged as a lucrative and thrilling career option for many Indian youths.

Social Media Manager

A career as social media manager involves implementing the company’s or brand’s marketing plan across all social media channels. Social media managers help in building or improving a brand’s or a company’s website traffic, build brand awareness, create and implement marketing and brand strategy. Social media managers are key to important social communication as well.

Quality Controller

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

Production Manager

A Team Leader is a professional responsible for guiding, monitoring and leading the entire group. He or she is responsible for motivating team members by providing a pleasant work environment to them and inspiring positive communication. A Team Leader contributes to the achievement of the organisation’s goals. He or she improves the confidence, product knowledge and communication skills of the team members and empowers them.

Procurement Manager

The procurement Manager is also known as  Purchasing Manager. The role of the Procurement Manager is to source products and services for a company. A Procurement Manager is involved in developing a purchasing strategy, including the company's budget and the supplies as well as the vendors who can provide goods and services to the company. His or her ultimate goal is to bring the right products or services at the right time with cost-effectiveness. 


A career as a merchandiser requires one to promote specific products and services of one or different brands, to increase the in-house sales of the store. Merchandising job focuses on enticing the customers to enter the store and hence increasing their chances of buying a product. Although the buyer is the one who selects the lines, it all depends on the merchandiser on how much money a buyer will spend, how many lines will be purchased, and what will be the quantity of those lines. In a career as merchandiser, one is required to closely work with the display staff in order to decide in what way a product would be displayed so that sales can be maximised. In small brands or local retail stores, a merchandiser is responsible for both merchandising and buying. 

Azure Administrator

An Azure Administrator is a professional responsible for implementing, monitoring, and maintaining Azure Solutions. He or she manages cloud infrastructure service instances and various cloud servers as well as sets up public and private cloud systems. 

AWS Solution Architect

An AWS Solution Architect is someone who specializes in developing and implementing cloud computing systems. He or she has a good understanding of the various aspects of cloud computing and can confidently deploy and manage their systems. He or she troubleshoots the issues and evaluates the risk from the third party. 

Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

ITSM Manager

Information security manager.

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

Big Data Analytics Engineer

Big Data Analytics Engineer Job Description: A Big Data Analytics Engineer is responsible for collecting data from various sources. He or she has to sort the organised and chaotic data to find out patterns. The role of Big Data Engineer involves converting messy information into useful data that is clean, accurate and actionable. 

Applications for Admissions are open.

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essay about air pollution in english

by Chris Woodford . Last updated: November 22, 2022.

Photo: Air pollution is obvious when it pours from a smokestack (chimney), but it's not always so easy to spot. This is an old photo of the kind of smoke that used to come from coal-fired power plants and, apart from soot (unburned carbon particles), its pollutants include sulfur dioxide and the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. Thanks to tougher pollution controls, modern power plants produce only a fraction as much pollution. Modern pollution made by traffic consists of gases like nitrogen dioxide and "particulates" (microscopic soot and dust fragments) that are largely invisible.

What is air pollution?

Air pollution is a gas (or a liquid or solid dispersed through ordinary air) released in a big enough quantity to harm the health of people or other animals, kill plants or stop them growing properly, damage or disrupt some other aspect of the environment (such as making buildings crumble), or cause some other kind of nuisance (reduced visibility, perhaps, or an unpleasant odor).

Natural air pollution

Photo: Forest fires are a completely natural cause of air pollution. We'll never be able to prevent them breaking out or stop the pollution they cause; our best hope is to manage forests, where we can, so fires don't spread. Ironically, that can mean deliberately burning areas of forest, as shown here, to create firebreaks. Forests are also deliberately burned to regenerate ecosystems. Photo by courtesy of US Fish and Wildlife Service .

Top-ten kinds of air pollution Photo: Flying molecules—if you could see air pollution close up, this is what it would look like. Image courtesy of US Department of Energy. Any gas could qualify as pollution if it reached a high enough concentration to do harm. Theoretically, that means there are dozens of different pollution gases. It's important to note that not all the things we think of as pollution are gases: some are aerosols (liquids or solids dispersed through gases). In practice, about ten different substances cause most concern: Sulfur dioxide : Coal, petroleum, and other fuels are often impure and contain sulfur as well as organic (carbon-based) compounds. When sulfur (spelled "sulphur" in some countries) burns with oxygen from the air, sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) is produced. Coal-fired power plants are the world's biggest source of sulfur-dioxide air pollution, which contributes to smog, acid rain, and health problems that include lung disease. [5] Large amounts of sulfur dioxide are also produced by ships, which use dirtier diesel fuel than cars and trucks. [6] Carbon monoxide : This highly dangerous gas forms when fuels have too little oxygen to burn completely. It spews out in car exhausts and it can also build up to dangerous levels inside your home if you have a poorly maintained gas boiler , stove, or fuel-burning appliance. (Always fit a carbon monoxide detector if you burn fuels indoors.) [7] Carbon dioxide : This gas is central to everyday life and isn't normally considered a pollutant: we all produce it when we breathe out and plants such as crops and trees need to "breathe" it in to grow. However, carbon dioxide is also a greenhouse gas released by engines and power plants. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, it's been building up in Earth's atmosphere and contributing to the problem of global warming and climate change . [8] Nitrogen oxides : Nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) and nitrogen oxide (NO) are pollutants produced as an indirect result of combustion, when nitrogen and oxygen from the air react together. Nitrogen oxide pollution comes from vehicle engines and power plants, and plays an important role in the formation of acid rain, ozone and smog. Nitrogen oxides are also "indirect greenhouse gases" (they contribute to global warming by producing ozone, which is a greenhouse gas). [9] Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) : These carbon-based (organic) chemicals evaporate easily at ordinary temperatures and pressures, so they readily become gases. That's precisely why they're used as solvents in many different household chemicals such as paints , waxes, and varnishes. Unfortunately, they're also a form of air pollution: they're believed to have long-term (chronic) effects on people's health and they play a role in the formation of ozone and smog. VOCs are also released by tobacco smoke and wildfires. [10] Particulates : There are many different kinds of particulates, from black soot in diesel exhaust to dust and organic matter from the desert. Airborne liquid droplets from farm pollution also count as particulates. Particulates of different sizes are often referred to by the letters PM followed by a number, so PM 10 means soot particles of less than 10 microns (10 millionths of a meter or 10µm in diameter, roughly 10 times thinner than a thick human hair). The smaller ("finer") the particulates, the deeper they travel into our lungs and the more dangerous they are. PM 2.5 particulates are much more dangerous (they're less than 2.5 millionths of a meter or about 40 times thinner than a typical hair). In cities, most particulates come from traffic fumes. [11] Ozone : Also called trioxygen, this is a type of oxygen gas whose molecules are made from three oxygen atoms joined together (so it has the chemical formula O 3 ), instead of just the two atoms in conventional oxygen (O 2 ). In the stratosphere (upper atmosphere), a band of ozone ("the ozone layer") protects us by screening out harmful ultraviolet radiation (high-energy blue light) beaming down from the Sun. At ground level, it's a toxic pollutant that can damage health. It forms when sunlight strikes a cocktail of other pollution and is a key ingredient of smog (see box below). [12] Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) : Once thought to be harmless, these gases were widely used in refrigerators and aerosol cans until it was discovered that they damaged Earth's ozone layer. We discuss this in more detail down below. [13] Unburned hydrocarbons : Petroleum and other fuels are made of organic compounds based on chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms. When they burn properly, they're completely converted into harmless carbon dioxide and water ; when they burn incompletely, they can release carbon monoxide or float into the air in their unburned form, contributing to smog. Lead and heavy metals : Lead and other toxic "heavy metals" can be spread into the air either as toxic compounds or as aerosols (when solids or liquids are dispersed through gases and carried through the air by them) in such things as exhaust fumes and the fly ash (contaminated waste dust) from incinerator smokestacks. [14] What are the causes of air pollution?

Photo: Even in the age of electric cars, traffic remains a major cause of air pollution. Photo by Warren Gretz courtesy of US DOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) (NREL photo id#46361).

Photo: Brown smog lingers over Denver, Colorado. Photo by Warren Gretz courtesy of US DOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) (NREL photo id#56919).

Chart: Most of the world's major cities routinely exceed World Health Organization (WHO) air pollution guidelines, though progress is being made: you can see that the 2022 figures (green) show a marked improvement on the 2016 ones (orange) in almost every case. This chart compares annual mean PM 2.5 levels in 12 representative cities around the world with the recently revised (2021) WHO guideline value of 5μg per cubic meter (dotted line). PM 2.5 particulates are those smaller than 2.5 microns and believed to be most closely linked with adverse health effects. For more about this chart and the data sources used, see note [22] .

Photo: Smokestacks billowing pollution over Moscow, Russia in 1994. Factory pollution is much less of a problem than it used to be in the world's "richer" countries—partly because a lot of their industry has been exported to nations such as China, India, and Mexico. Photo by Roger Taylor courtesy of US DOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) .

What effects does air pollution have?

Photo: Air pollution can cause a variety of lung diseases and other respiratory problems. This chest X ray shows a lung disease called emphysema in the patient's left lung. A variety of things can cause it, including smoking and exposure to air pollution. Photo courtesy of National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and National Institutes of Health.

" In 2016, 91% of the world population was living in places where the WHO air quality guidelines levels were not met." World Health Organization , 2018

Photo: For many years, the stonework on the Parthenon in Athens, Greece has been blackened by particulates from traffic pollution, but other sources of pollution, such as wood-burning stoves, are increasingly significant. Photo by Michael M. Reddy courtesy of U.S. Geological Survey .

How air pollution works on different scales

Indoor air pollution.

Photo: Air freshener—or air polluter?

Further reading

Acid rain—a closer look.

Photo: Acid rain can turn lakes so acidic that fish no longer survive. Picture courtesy of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Division of Public Affairs. Why does that matter? Pure water is neither acidic nor alkaline but completely neutral (we say it has an acidity level or pH of 7.0). Ordinary rainwater is a little bit more acidic than this with about the same acidity as bananas (roughly pH 5.5), but if rain falls through sulfur dioxide pollution it can turn much more acidic (with a pH of 4.5 or lower, which is the same acidity as orange or lemon juice). When acid rain accumulates in lakes or rivers, it gradually turns the entire water more acidic. That's a real problem because fish thrive only in water that is neutral or slightly acidic (typically with a pH of 6.5–7.0). Once the acidity drops below about pH 6.0, fish soon start to die—and if the pH drops to about 4.0 or less, all the fish will be killed. Acid rain has caused major problems in lakes throughout North America and Europe. It also causes the death of forests, reduces the fertility of soil, and damages buildings by eating away stonework (the marble on the US Capitol in Washington, DC has been eroded by acid-rain, for example). One of the biggest difficulties in tackling acid rain is that it can happen over very long distances. In one notable case, sulfur dioxide air pollution produced by power plants in the UK was blamed for causing acid rain that fell on Scandinavian countries such as Norway, producing widespread damage to forests and the deaths of thousands of fish in acidified lakes. The British government refused to acknowledge the problem and that was partly why the UK became known as the "dirty man of Europe" in the 1980s and 1990s. [18] Acid rain was a particular problem in the last 30–40 years of the 20th century. Thanks to the decline in coal-fired power plants, and the sulfur dioxide they spewed out, it's less of a problem for western countries today. But it's still a big issue in places like India, where coal remains a major source of energy. Global air pollution It's hard to imagine doing anything so dramatic and serious that it would damage our entire, enormous planet—but, remarkable though it may seem, we all do things like this everyday, contributing to problems such as global warming and the damage to the ozone layer (two separate issues that are often confused). Global warming Every time you ride in a car, turn on the lights, switch on your TV , take a shower, microwave a meal, or use energy that's come from burning a fossil fuel such as oil, coal, or natural gas, you're almost certainly adding to the problem of global warming and climate change: unless it's been produced in some environmentally friendly way, the energy you're using has most likely released carbon dioxide gas into the air. While it's not an obvious pollutant, carbon dioxide has gradually built up in the atmosphere, along with other chemicals known as greenhouse gases . Together, these gases act a bit like a blanket surrounding our planet that is slowly making the mean global temperature rise, causing the climate (the long-term pattern of our weather) to change, and producing a variety of different effects on the natural world, including rising sea levels. Read more in our main article about global warming and climate change . Ozone holes

How can we solve the problem of air pollution?

Photo: Pollution solution: an electrostatic smoke precipitator helps to prevent air pollution from this smokestack at the McNeil biomass power plant in Burlington, VT. Photo by Warren Gretz courtesy of US DOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

What can you do to help reduce air pollution?

Photo: Buying organic food reduces the use of sprayed pesticides and other chemicals, so it helps to reduce air (as well as water) pollution.

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  • Climate change and global warming
  • Environmentalism (introduction)
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Breathless by Chris Woodford paperback book cover rendered as dummy book.

  • Breathless: Why Air Pollution Matters—and How it Affects You by Chris Woodford. Icon, 2021. My new book explores the problem in much more depth than I've been able to go into here. You can also read a bonus chapter called Angels with dirty faces: How air pollution blackens our buildings and monuments .
  • The Invisible Killer: The Rising Global Threat of Air Pollution and How We Can Fight Back by Gary Fuller. Melville House, 2018.
  • Reducing Pollution and Waste by Jen Green. Raintree/Capstone, 2011. A 48-page introduction for ages 9–12. The emphasis here is on getting children to think about pollution: where it comes from, who makes it, and who should solve the problem.
  • Pollution Crisis by Russ Parker. Rosen, 2009. A 32-page guide for ages 8–10. It starts with a global survey of the problem; looks at air, water, and land pollution; then considers how we all need to be part of the solution.
  • Earth Matters by Lynn Dicks et al. Dorling Kindersley, 2008. This isn't specifically about pollution. Instead, it explores how a range of different environmental problems are testing life to the limit in the planet's major biomes (oceans, forests, and so on). I wrote the section of this book that covers the polar regions.
  • State of Global Air : One of the best sources of global air pollution data.
  • American Lung Association: State of the Air Report : A good source of data about the United States.
  • European Environment Agency: Air quality in Europe : A definitive overview of the situation in the European countries.
  • World Health Organization (WHO) Ambient (outdoor) air pollution in cities database : A spreadsheet of pollution data for most major cities in the world (a little out of date, but a new version is expected soon).
  • Our World in Data : Accessible guides to global data from Oxford University.
  • The New York Times Topics: Air Pollution
  • The Guardian: Pollution
  • Wired: Pollution
  • 'Invisible killer': fossil fuels caused 8.7m deaths globally in 2018, research finds by Oliver Milman. The Guardian, February 9, 2021. Pollution of various kinds causes something like one in five of all deaths.
  • Millions of masks distributed to students in 'gas chamber' Delhi : BBC News, 1 November 2019.
  • 90% of world's children are breathing toxic air, WHO study finds by Matthew Taylor. The Guardian, October 29, 2018. The air pollution affecting billions of children could continue to harm their health throughout their lives.
  • Pollution May Dim Thinking Skills, Study in China Suggests by Mike Ives. The New York Times, August 29, 2018. Long-term exposure to air pollution seems to cause a decline in cognitive skills.
  • Global pollution kills 9m a year and threatens 'survival of human societies' by Damian Carrington. The Guardian, October 19, 2017. Air, water, and land pollution kill millions, cost trillions, and threaten the very survival of humankind, a new study reveals.
  • India's Air Pollution Rivals China's as World's Deadliest by Geeta Anand. The New York Times, February 14, 2017. High levels of pollution could be killing 1.1 million Indians each year.
  • More Than 9 in 10 People Breathe Bad Air, WHO Study Says by Mike Ives. The New York Times, September 27, 2016. New WHO figures suggest the vast majority of us are compromising our health by breathing bad air.
  • Study Links 6.5 Million Deaths Each Year to Air Pollution by Stanley Reed. The New York Times, June 26, 2016. Air pollution deaths are far greater than previously supposed according to a new study by the International Energy Agency.
  • UK air pollution 'linked to 40,000 early deaths a year' by Michelle Roberts, BBC News, February 23, 2016. Diesel engines, cigarette smoke, and even air fresheners are among the causes of premature death from air pollution.
  • This Wearable Detects Pollution to Build Air Quality Maps in Real Time by Davey Alba. Wired, November 19, 2014. A wearable pollution gadget lets people track their exposure to air pollution through a smartphone app.
  • Air pollution and public health: emerging hazards and improved understanding of risk by Frank J. Kelly and Julia C. Fussell, Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 2015
  • Health effects of fine particulate air pollution: lines that connect by C.A. Pope and D.W. Dockery. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association, 2006
  • Ambient and household air pollution: complex triggers of disease by Stephen A. Farmer et al, Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 2014

Text copyright © Chris Woodford 2010, 2022. All rights reserved. Full copyright notice and terms of use .

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10 Lines, Short & Long Essay On Air Pollution For Children

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Key Points to Remember When Writing an Essay on Air Pollution

10-line essay on air pollution in english, a paragraph on ‘air pollution’ in 100 words, long essay on air pollution, what your child will learn from the essay.

The Earth provides us with all the elements that are essential for us to survive. But, are we appreciative of them, and nurture and preserve these elements the way we are supposed to? Air, one of the most important elements in nature, has been taken for granted for years and polluted to the extent that it has become harmful for all of us. Air pollution is one of the most alarming problems the world is facing today. It is, therefore, important for children to learn about the implications of air pollution on our health and the environment. From an academic perspective, this is also a great topic that children can write about. An easy essay is a good place, to begin with. It can nudge children towards doing their internet research on the topic, and present facts and their viewpoints as well. In this article, we share some useful ways of writing an essay on ‘Air Pollution’ for Classes 1, 2, and 3.

When you are asked to write an essay on ‘Air Pollution’, it is important to keep all of these tips in mind:

  • Like all essays, this essay should also begin with an introductory paragraph about the topic. Air pollution can be introduced with the definition or a general idea about what it means and its origins.
  • Since most school essays are not technical, avoid the overuse of scientific jargon. Use simple phrases and focus on the flow of concepts.
  • Introduce ideas in the proper order, include cause-and-effects of the issue, and divide the essay into smaller, readable fragments.
  • If you are writing specifically about the causes of air pollution, write about them in-depth. Do not talk too much about the effects and remedies. A small mention can be made of the latter, but the essay should focus on causes.
  • Add plenty of factual data and personal opinions. The essay should be backed up by facts.
  • Always add a concluding paragraph and tips to reduce air pollution.

10-line essays are the easiest essays to write. Children can memorise important facts about air pollution and the science behind it for the essay. Here is an example for you:

  • Air is polluted by harmful substances called pollutants.
  • Pollutants come from different sources, such as volcanic eruptions, vehicle gasses, forest fires, and other human activity.
  • Deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels are two of the biggest sources of air pollution.
  • Air pollution is harmful to humans since it can cause respiratory and skin diseases.
  • Air pollution is also harmful to plants and animals.
  • Air pollution can also damage non-living things, such as ancient monuments constructed from marbles and limestone.
  • Air pollution adds to ozone layer depletion, global warming and climate change.
  • Since air is present everywhere, pollution can damage delicate ecosystems in forests.
  • We must take effective steps to reduce air pollution.
  • We can reduce air pollution by planting more trees and burning fewer fossil fuels.

An essay for classes 1 & 2 can include simple facts about air pollution, such as its origins and effects. The concluding sentences can talk about how it can be avoided. Here is a short essay in the form of a paragraph on the topic:

Air pollution occurs when harmful gasses and dust are released into the atmosphere. There are many sources of air pollution, such as forest fires, human activities, and volcanic eruptions. Automobiles and power plants are the highest contributors. Air pollution causes diseases in humans and animals. It affects the delicate ecosystem on land and in water, and causes global warming and climate change. It is essential to raise awareness about air pollution. To reduce pollution, we have to adopt green solutions, reduce energy consumption, rely on renewable sources of energy, and plant more trees.

An essay in 350 words or more on the topic will require students to learn different facts about air pollution. They can also add their viewpoints based on the facts they know. Here is an example of an essay for Class 3:

Air contamination by harmful or toxic gasses and unwanted dust particles causes air pollution. These substances degrade the quality of air and reduce its purity. Some common air pollutants include gasses, such as carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, and other greenhouse gasses like methane. These pollutants are released naturally by volcanic eruptions and forest fires. However, human activity since the industrial revolution has been the biggest source of pollutants.

Air pollution affects everything on Earth. In human beings, it causes respiratory and skin diseases, especially in people who have allergies. Air pollution can reach unhealthy levels in the city and is dangerous even for normal people. Being exposed to polluted air for a long period can lead to several different diseases. Air pollution affects plants and animals, too, and can disrupt ecosystems in the forests. It also affects life forms under the ocean as many pollutant gasses can dissolve in water and form acids.

Air pollution also affects non-living things, such as manmade structures and limestone caves in the forests. When gasses like sulphur dioxide and carbon dioxide mix with rainwater, they form corrosive acids. These acids destroy ancient monuments which are made out of delicate natural materials. Acids produced in this way also pollute soil and damage forests.

Air pollution has long-term effects in the form of climate change. Greenhouse gasses such as carbon dioxide and methane produced by human activities store excess heat in the atmosphere. Increasing temperatures change the weather and affect farming, which depends on seasonal rains. Although steps are being taken to reduce the ill effects of air pollution, much of the damage has already been done. So, it is important to act immediately to further control the damage.

There are a number of solutions for reducing air pollution, and it can start with every individual. It can be controlled by reducing the use of personal automobiles and switching to healthier modes such as cycling, using public transport, or resorting to methods such as carpooling. Since a majority of our power still comes from fossil fuels, decreasing power consumption can also significantly reduce air pollution.

It is important to understand that every small thing we do can make a difference in the outcome. It only takes a minute to decide and follow the measure that can help us save energy and reduce air pollution, too.

Essay writing is important for children to learn how to think and write methodically. The skills developed at this stage play a fundamental role in how they are able to formulate arguments from their thoughts. Writing an essay on air pollution requires them to learn about the topic and present it as a coherent write-up. Children will learn about its importance, improve their knowledge, and learn to express their thoughts about the same.

The three essays presented in this article talk about air pollution in a factual format. The 10-line essay is easy to remember and write for children. Longer essays need more structure, such as introduction, body and conclusion. As the level increases, writing the essay will require your child to learn important facts about air pollution and then express it in their own way.

Essay On Water Pollution for Kids Essay On Noise Pollution for Lower Primary Classes How to Write An Essay On Land Pollution for Children

  • Essays for Class 1
  • Essays for Class 2
  • Essays for Class 3

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Air Pollution Essay

Air pollution is a significant concern across the world. Air pollution occurs when dangerous particles, gases, and chemicals are released into the air. The pollutants of air can be found in vehicles, factories, power plants, and construction sites. Air pollution also causes smog, making it difficult to breathe or even see things as near as 100 feet. To combat this, many governments have created and enforced policies to reduce air pollution, such as shutting down coal power plants or requiring car owners to switch over to electric cars. It is high time we realise the severity of this issue and act towards avoiding air pollution. To learn more about air pollution, let us go through the air pollution essay available at BYJU’S.

Air Pollution Essay

Table of Contents

Air pollution essay 100 words, causes of air pollution.

Effects of Air Pollution

How to Reduce Air Pollution?

Air pollution is a concern for people all over the world. Air pollution is most often caused by burning fossil fuels like petroleum, coal, and natural gas. The exhaust fumes released by vehicles fill the air with toxic particles. Pollution can cause health problems, such as asthma, headaches and other symptoms of allergies.

The World Health Organisation has classified air pollution as an environmental risk to human health. Many countries have taken action concerning air pollution. After reading the air pollution essay 100 words and learning about air pollution, let us now move on to understand the causes.

Air pollution is caused by vehicles, factories, power plants, and trash burning. Vehicles cause air pollution by burning gasoline or diesel. The most significant cause of air pollution is burning fossil fuels to create energy like coal and oil. Air pollution can be considered a contributor to global warming , a major challenge we face today.

You can keep your little ones engaged in learning by asking them to write an essay on air pollution and create a pictorial representation of the same.

Effects of Air Pollution on Human Health

There are many harmful effects of air pollution. It causes respiratory problems and other health issues in people. It also causes lung diseases and cancer. Like any other type of pollution, the health risks of air pollution are high for any living being.

People are more likely to die from respiratory disease and lung cancer in heavily polluted areas. Air pollution causes conditions that make people more susceptible to respiratory infection and inflammation. The body can also absorb harmful substances in polluted air easily.

These are the adverse effects of air pollution that we come across in the air pollution essay pdf. There are a few preventive measures and remedies to reduce air pollution for these harmful effects. Let us understand how to reduce air pollution by referring to the air pollution essay.

Air pollution has been a critical issue for many countries. It is the second-largest contributor to drastic climate change after carbon dioxide. BYJU’S air pollution essay in English helps us learn some new ways to control air pollution.

Planting more trees is one of the significant ways to reduce air pollution. Afforestation is a much-needed action to protect our planet from further damage.

Increasing the usage of eco-friendly materials and renewable energy play a vital role in combating air pollution. In addition, eco-friendly fuels, such as compressed natural gas (CNG), biogas, liquid petroleum gas (LPG), etc. play an essential role in reducing air pollution.

To conclude, air pollution is a serious issue, and we must fight to overcome this and save the Earth . For more kids learning activities, ensure to visit BYJU’S website.

Frequently Asked Questions on Air Pollution Essay

Does afforestation help reduce air pollution.

Yes. Afforestation helps in reducing air pollution as it increases the supply of oxygen and decreases the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

How does air pollution harm human beings?

Air pollution is hazardous for humans, and it can lead to respiratory problems and a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. It also causes heart attacks and strokes.

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Essay On Air Pollution

Air pollution is a serious environmental issue that affects everyone on this planet. It is the presence or introduction into the atmosphere of substances (gases, liquids, and solids) that interfere with the health and welfare of humans and other living organisms, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The sources of air pollution are widespread and varied, ranging from natural factors such as wildfires and volcanic eruptions to human activities such as industrial production and transportation. This essay will delve into the causes and effects of air pollution as well as the measures that can be taken to mitigate its impact.

Causes of Air Pollution

The causes of air pollution can be broadly classified into two categories: natural and human-made.

Natural Causes of Air Pollution

The first contributor to air pollution is natural factors such as volcanic eruptions, wildfires, and dust storms. These events introduce substantial amounts of natural pollutants into the atmosphere, such as dust, ash, and smoke, which can have severe health effects on humans.

Human Activities

Human activities are the primary contributors to air pollution. Human-made air pollution is the result of the production of goods and services, the use of fossil fuels such as gasoline and diesel, and the generation of electricity from coal-fired power plants. Some of the most significant human-made sources of air pollution are:

Industrial Pollution

The production and manufacturing processes that create goods such as chemicals, steel, cement, and paper generate vast amounts of pollutants. These include particulate matter, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), sulfur dioxide (SO₂), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and carbon monoxide (CO).

Transportation Pollution

The transportation sector is a significant source of air pollution. Cars, trucks, buses, and planes emit pollutants such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter into the air.

Agricultural Pollution

Agricultural activities such as livestock farming and the use of fertilizers and pesticides in crop production produce ammonia and nitrogen oxide. These pollutants can have adverse effects on human health.

Effects of Air Pollution

The effects of air pollution are widespread and varied, affecting both human and environmental health.

Health Effects

Exposure to air pollution can cause a host of acute and chronic health effects in humans, such as:

  • Respiratory disease
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Birth defects
  • Neurological damage
  • Reproductive damage

Environmental Effects

Air pollution is also harmful to the environment. It causes acid rain, soil degradation, and reduces crop yields. It also poses a threat to animals, leading to the extinction of some species.

Measures to Control Air Pollution

Control of air pollution requires a combination of mitigation measures that address both natural and human-made sources of pollutants. Some of the strategies that can be employed to curb air pollution include:

Government Regulations

The government can impose regulations to limit the amount of pollution that industries and other human-made sources emit into the atmosphere. These regulations can include strict emission standards and penalties for non-compliance with pollution limits.

Clean Energy Sources

Increased use of renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power can reduce the use of fossil fuels, which are significantcontributors to air pollution.

Public Transportation

The use of public transportation can help reduce vehicular emissions, which are a significant source of air pollution.

Agricultural Practices

Farmers can use sustainable agriculture practices such as crop rotation and the use of organic fertilizers to minimize soil degradation and reduce ammonia and nitrogen emissions.

Air pollution is a severe environmental problem that requires the concerted effort of individuals, industries, and governments to mitigate its impacts. Understanding the causes and effects of air pollution is crucial in devising effective strategies to control it.

There are various sources of information that can be used to create an essay on air pollution. Some of the resources that I utilized in creating this essay include:


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Air pollution.

Air pollution consists of chemicals or particles in the air that can harm the health of humans, animals, and plants. It also damages buildings.

Biology, Ecology, Earth Science, Geography

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Morgan Stanley

Air pollution consists of chemicals or particles in the air that can harm the health of humans, animals, and plants. It also damages buildings. Pollutants in the air take many forms. They can be gases , solid particles , or liquid droplets. Sources of Air Pollution Pollution enters the Earth's atmosphere in many different ways. Most air pollution is created by people, taking the form of emissions from factories, cars, planes, or aerosol cans . Second-hand cigarette smoke is also considered air pollution . These man-made sources of pollution are called anthropogenic sources . Some types of air pollution , such as smoke from wildfires or ash from volcanoes , occur naturally. These are called natural sources . Air pollution is most common in large cities where emissions from many different sources are concentrated . Sometimes, mountains or tall buildings prevent air pollution from spreading out. This air pollution often appears as a cloud making the air murky. It is called smog . The word " smog " comes from combining the words " smoke " and " fog ." Large cities in poor and developing nations tend to have more air pollution than cities in developed nations. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) , some of the worlds most polluted cities are Karachi, Pakistan; New Delhi, India; Beijing, China; Lima, Peru; and Cairo, Egypt. However, many developed nations also have air pollution problems. Los Angeles, California, is nicknamed Smog City. Indoor Air Pollution Air pollution is usually thought of as smoke from large factories or exhaust from vehicles. But there are many types of indoor air pollution as well. Heating a house by burning substances such as kerosene , wood, and coal can contaminate the air inside the house. Ash and smoke make breathing difficult, and they can stick to walls, food, and clothing. Naturally-occurring radon gas , a cancer -causing material, can also build up in homes. Radon is released through the surface of the Earth. Inexpensive systems installed by professionals can reduce radon levels. Some construction materials, including insulation , are also dangerous to people's health. In addition, ventilation , or air movement, in homes and rooms can lead to the spread of toxic mold . A single colony of mold may exist in a damp, cool place in a house, such as between walls. The mold 's spores enter the air and spread throughout the house. People can become sick from breathing in the spores . Effects On Humans People experience a wide range of health effects from being exposed to air pollution . Effects can be broken down into short-term effects and long-term effects . Short-term effects , which are temporary , include illnesses such as pneumonia or bronchitis . They also include discomfort such as irritation to the nose, throat, eyes, or skin. Air pollution can also cause headaches, dizziness, and nausea . Bad smells made by factories, garbage , or sewer systems are considered air pollution , too. These odors are less serious but still unpleasant . Long-term effects of air pollution can last for years or for an entire lifetime. They can even lead to a person's death. Long-term health effects from air pollution include heart disease , lung cancer , and respiratory diseases such as emphysema . Air pollution can also cause long-term damage to people's nerves , brain, kidneys , liver , and other organs. Some scientists suspect air pollutants cause birth defects . Nearly 2.5 million people die worldwide each year from the effects of outdoor or indoor air pollution . People react differently to different types of air pollution . Young children and older adults, whose immune systems tend to be weaker, are often more sensitive to pollution. Conditions such as asthma , heart disease , and lung disease can be made worse by exposure to air pollution . The length of exposure and amount and type of pollutants are also factors.

Effects On The Environment Like people, animals, and plants, entire ecosystems can suffer effects from air pollution . Haze , like smog , is a visible type of air pollution that obscures shapes and colors. Hazy air pollution can even muffle sounds. Air pollution particles eventually fall back to Earth. Air pollution can directly contaminate the surface of bodies of water and soil . This can kill crops or reduce their yield . It can kill young trees and other plants. Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide particles in the air, can create acid rain when they mix with water and oxygen in the atmosphere . These air pollutants come mostly from coal-fired power plants and motor vehicles . When acid rain falls to Earth, it damages plants by changing soil composition ; degrades water quality in rivers, lakes and streams; damages crops ; and can cause buildings and monuments to decay . Like humans, animals can suffer health effects from exposure to air pollution . Birth defects , diseases, and lower reproductive rates have all been attributed to air pollution . Global Warming Global warming is an environmental phenomenon caused by natural and anthropogenic air pollution . It refers to rising air and ocean temperatures around the world. This temperature rise is at least partially caused by an increase in the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere . Greenhouse gases trap heat energy in the Earths atmosphere . (Usually, more of Earths heat escapes into space.) Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that has had the biggest effect on global warming . Carbon dioxide is emitted into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels ( coal , gasoline , and natural gas ). Humans have come to rely on fossil fuels to power cars and planes, heat homes, and run factories. Doing these things pollutes the air with carbon dioxide . Other greenhouse gases emitted by natural and artificial sources also include methane , nitrous oxide , and fluorinated gases . Methane is a major emission from coal plants and agricultural processes. Nitrous oxide is a common emission from industrial factories, agriculture, and the burning of fossil fuels in cars. Fluorinated gases , such as hydrofluorocarbons , are emitted by industry. Fluorinated gases are often used instead of gases such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). CFCs have been outlawed in many places because they deplete the ozone layer . Worldwide, many countries have taken steps to reduce or limit greenhouse gas emissions to combat global warming . The Kyoto Protocol , first adopted in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997, is an agreement between 183 countries that they will work to reduce their carbon dioxide emissions . The United States has not signed that treaty . Regulation In addition to the international Kyoto Protocol , most developed nations have adopted laws to regulate emissions and reduce air pollution . In the United States, debate is under way about a system called cap and trade to limit emissions . This system would cap, or place a limit, on the amount of pollution a company is allowed. Companies that exceeded their cap would have to pay. Companies that polluted less than their cap could trade or sell their remaining pollution allowance to other companies. Cap and trade would essentially pay companies to limit pollution. In 2006 the World Health Organization issued new Air Quality Guidelines. The WHOs guidelines are tougher than most individual countries existing guidelines. The WHO guidelines aim to reduce air pollution -related deaths by 15 percent a year. Reduction Anybody can take steps to reduce air pollution . Millions of people every day make simple changes in their lives to do this. Taking public transportation instead of driving a car, or riding a bike instead of traveling in carbon dioxide - emitting vehicles are a couple of ways to reduce air pollution . Avoiding aerosol cans , recycling yard trimmings instead of burning them, and not smoking cigarettes are others.

Downwinders The United States conducted tests of nuclear weapons at the Nevada Test Site in southern Nevada in the 1950s. These tests sent invisible radioactive particles into the atmosphere. These air pollution particles traveled with wind currents, eventually falling to Earth, sometimes hundreds of miles away in states including Idaho, Utah, Arizona, and Washington. These areas were considered to be "downwind" from the Nevada Test Site. Decades later, people living in those downwind areascalled "downwinders"began developing cancer at above-normal rates. In 1990, the U.S. government passed the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act. This law entitles some downwinders to payments of $50,000.

Greenhouse Gases There are five major greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere.

  • water vapor
  • carbon dioxide
  • nitrous oxide

London Smog What has come to be known as the London Smog of 1952, or the Great Smog of 1952, was a four-day incident that sickened 100,000 people and caused as many as 12,000 deaths. Very cold weather in December 1952 led residents of London, England, to burn more coal to keep warm. Smoke and other pollutants became trapped by a thick fog that settled over the city. The polluted fog became so thick that people could only see a few meters in front of them.

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Home — Essay Samples — Environment — Human Impact — Air Pollution

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Essays on Air Pollution

Hook examples for air pollution essays, statistical hook.

Did you know that each year, air pollution causes over 4.2 million premature deaths worldwide? These startling statistics underscore the urgent need to address this global crisis.

Anecdotal Hook

Picture this: A bustling cityscape obscured by a thick haze of smog, where children play wearing masks. This is the stark reality faced by many urban areas grappling with air pollution.

Question Hook

How can we breathe easy when the air we inhale is increasingly toxic? Explore the consequences of air pollution and discover potential solutions to this pressing environmental issue.

Rhetorical Question Hook

Can we afford to ignore the invisible threat that hangs in the air we breathe? Delve into the hidden dangers of air pollution and its far-reaching impact on public health.

Quotation Hook

"The earth does not belong to us: we belong to the earth." — Marlee Matlin. Reflect on this thought-provoking quote as we delve into the environmental implications of air pollution.

Historical Hook

Travel back to the mid-20th century when air quality in major cities like London and Los Angeles was notoriously poor. Explore the historical context of air pollution regulation and its impact.

Definition Hook

What exactly is air pollution, and how does it differ from other environmental issues? Gain a clear understanding of this concept and its multifaceted nature.

Contrast Hook

Contrast the serene beauty of pristine landscapes with images of smog-choked cities. This stark juxtaposition highlights the importance of combating air pollution.

Narrative Hook

Step into the shoes of individuals living in heavily polluted areas and experience their daily struggles. Their stories shed light on the human side of the air pollution crisis.

Shocking Statement Hook

Prepare to be shocked by the surprising sources of indoor air pollution lurking within our homes. The danger may be closer than you think.

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Human Impacts on The Environment

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Air pollution is contamination of the indoor or outdoor environment by any chemical, physical or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere.

Household combustion devices, motor vehicles, industrial facilities and forest fires are common sources of air pollution. Pollutants of major public health concern include particulate matter, carbon monoxide, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide.

Respiratory and heart problems, child health problems, mortality, global warming, acid rain, eutrophication, depletion of the ozone layer, negative effect on wildlife.

Policies and investments that support sustainable land use, cleaner household energy and transport, energy-efficient housing, power generation, industry, and better municipal waste management can effectively reduce key sources of ambient air pollution.

A child born today might not breathe clean air until they are 8. Inhaling air pollution takes away at least 1-2 years of a typical human life. Pollutants that are released into the air, as opposed to land and water pollutants, are the most harmful. Rising levels of air pollution in Beijing has brought a new disease – Beijing cough.

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essay about air pollution in english

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Essay on Pollution: Samples in 100, 150 and 200 Words

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  • Nov 23, 2023

Essay on Pollution

As the world embraced urbanization, mother nature witnessed the greener lands getting transformed into modern cities and metropolises. What followed is a trail of natural disasters signalling that something is wrong with the planet earth. Pollution is increasingly asked under the writing section in school and college tests as well as competitive exams . This is because it is a relevant environmental issue today. This blog aims to help you with the necessary knowledge as well as tips and tricks to draft a well-written essay on pollution.

Related Read: Women Empowerment Essay

What is Pollution?

Pollution is the introduction of harmful materials into the environment. These materials are called pollutants. They can be created by human activity like trash and natural like volcanic ash. Pollutants damage the quality of water, air and land. Pollution is a global problem. Air and water carry pollution into the ocean currents and migrating fish. Pollution is among the many things that harm our planet- once greener and healthier than it is now. Pollution is a dangerous phenomenon that is contributing to an array of health issues.

Essay on Pollution

Types of Pollution

In simple terms, pollution is defined as the contamination of the physical and biological constituents in the earth’s atmosphere. It affects human life and the natural environment to a very great extent. It degrades our natural resources, from the water we drink to the air we breathe. While writing an essay on Pollution, you must mention the major four types of pollution which are as follows:

  • Air Pollution : Air pollution is the contamination of air in the atmosphere when harmful or excessive quantities of substances such as smoke and harmful gases from industries, CFCs and oxides produced by automobiles, the burning of solid wastes, etc. are introduced into the environment.
  • Water Pollution : This refers to the contamination of natural resources of water, due to the addition of harmful chemical, biological or physical materials, which includes industrial wastes, oil spills, domestic and farm wastes, pesticides, as well as mining and agricultural wastes, to water resource which make it unusable.
  • Soil Pollution : Land/Soil Pollution occurs due to the degradation of the earth’s surface by different commercial, industrial, agricultural and domestic activities. Causes of soil pollution also include mining, deforestation, dumping of e-waste and other industrial wastes, usage of harmful chemicals such as insecticides, pesticides, etc.
  • Noise Pollution : Excess noise due to sounds created by machines, loudspeakers, microphones, loud music, noise from industries, construction and civil engineering works etc. lead to noise pollution.

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Causes and Health Effects of Pollution

You can include various causes and health effects in your essay on Pollution from the following table:-

Add the causes and effects in your essay on Pollution depending upon the word limit allowed to you.

essay on pollution

Format for Essay on Pollution

Before writing an essay on Pollution, students must be familiarised with the format of essay writing. The key elements of the essay format are Introduction, Body of Content and Conclusion. Take a look at the following paragraphs which delve deeper into the details of these features as per a 200-250 word essay:

  • Introduction – The introduction of the essay must be on providing an overview of the given topic. For an essay on Pollution, you can begin with a simple definition or thought-provoking sentence and complete it in about around 60 words. Since, it is the first thing the reader looks at, try to make it interesting by adding recent instances and impactful questions.
  • Body of Content – This area of the content comes after the introduction and can be explained in around 100-120 words, describing the given topic in detail. So, in writing about pollution, you can describe how the atmosphere and the environment are getting affected due to Pollution and list down various ways to prevent pollution.
  • Conclusion – Wrapping up your essay, this part comprises around 50 words. Try to bring a positive outlook on the issue you are discussing or conclude by summing up in a concise way.

Also Read: Essay on Pollution in Hindi

essay about air pollution in english

Sample Essay on Pollution in 100 Words

Polllution is the addition of unwanted susbstances which are incorporated into the environment that can damage our Earth. There are mainly four tyoes of pollutions, these inlcude water pollution, air pollution, soil pollution, and noise pollution. One should note that any form of pollution is the result of careless activity carried out by man. We, humans on a daily basis dump waste directly into water bodies which leads to water pollution. Vehicle emissions of smoke into the atmosphere impede the ability of all living things to breathe, leading to air pollution. Our garbage is dumped into landfills directly, which results in soil pollution. Although it cannot be seen, noise pollution is a severe type of pollution that can harm our ears.

Sample Essay on Pollution in 250- 300 Words

The biggest threat planet earth is facing is pollution. Unwanted substances leave a negative impact once released into an environment. There are four types of pollution air, water, land, and noise. Pollution affects the quality of life more than any human can imagine. Due to air pollution, even teenage kids have developed various respiratory diseases. Water pollution has led to diseases in children. The waste we humans dump on the land or chemical fertilisers which are put on the land for agricultural purposes causes land/ soil pollution. If the soil quality deteriorates due to such practices, the soil will become infertile and no crops could be grown in future. The government has launched various schemes over the years to fight pollution but individual efforts can also play a vital role. Start by replacing plastic bags for shopping with cloth bags, stopping littering on roads and stop wasting water are some of the basic things to start with that can lead to big changes in the environment.

Sample Essay on Pollution in 300-350 Words

One of the most critical threats faced by our planet in the present day scenario. Environmental pollution is a global issue affecting people around the world. It is occurring in different forms, whether by affecting the air we breathe or the water resources we utilise for several purposes. Air pollution came into being with an increase in the level of carbon dioxide, with the increase in pollutants which are contaminating the air and causing breathing discomfort as well as skin diseases to human beings. Talking about the other aspect, there is no life without water. The water bodies are polluting and becoming unsafe for drinking or any other use because of industrial development, rapid urbanisation and various other reasons. Due to air pollution, diseases that can occur to human beings are asthma, various skin diseases, cancer, etc. Therefore, it is the essential need of the hour to take serious steps to reduce pollution to its core. At a personal level, we can minimise environmental pollution by taking public transport or carpools to reduce vehicular smoke, avoiding firecrackers at festivals and celebrations can also cut down on air and noise pollution, and not using fertilisers and pesticides which can cause both water and soil pollution, and switching over to organic farming. The government can also bring strict rules and regulations to lessen industrial pollution.  To sum up, any type of pollution is harmful to the environment with serious consequences like global warming, uneven climatic changes, etc. Due to our greediness and illegal human activities, the innocent lives of animals are lost. The time has come to join our hands and work towards preserving and protecting the environment for the present as well as future generations.

Also Read: Essay on Environment: Examples and Tips

essay about air pollution in english

Tips on How to Write an Essay on Pollution

Before you start writing your essay on Pollution, make a note of the following things:-

  • Make points of what types of pollution and compulsorily add air, water and noise pollution
  • Make a list of what causes and effects do you want to write about
  • Ensure that everything you want to write about is factually correct
  • Try to write shorter and readable sentences. There should be a connection amongst all 3 parts of the essay on Pollution- introduction, body and conclusion

How to Reduce or Prevent Pollution?

Everyone has a responsibility to take action to prevent pollution after learning about its negative impacts. Every preventive measure that can be taken to lessen pollution should be known to us. For example, to reduce air pollution, we should refrain from lighting fireworks during festivals, take public transportation or carpool, limit the use of loudspeakers, and reduce noise pollution by honking in public. This circumstance should always be on our minds so that we can respond appropriately. In the beginning, it is up to us to exercise caution and to raise awareness among those around us. We should take environmentally beneficial measures, such as increasing tree planting, lowering plastic usage, utilising more sustainable household products, etc. Always keep in mind that every tiny action now will have a greater effect tomorrow when discussing global pollution.

Tips on Reducing Pollution

essay about air pollution in english

  • Say NO to Crackers
  • Use Public Transportation
  • Turn off the lights, fans and water taps when not in use
  • Recycle and Reuse
  • Segregate your waste
  • Say NO to Plastic
  • Plant more trees
  • Use of fans instead of ACs

How Often Does an Essay on Pollution Come in School Exams?

In your school exams, an essay on Pollution will come in your English language paper. Environmental Science is a subject every school teaches so you can pick up some points from the chapters on Pollution and add them to your essay. An essay on Pollution is asked very often if not every year (with one or two other choices of topic) because of its significance in today’s world.

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Nikita Puri

Nikita is a creative writer and editor, who is always ready to learn new skills. She has great knowledge about study abroad universities, researching and writing blogs about them. Being a perfectionist, she has a habit of keeping her tasks complete on time before the OCD hits her. When Nikita is not busy working, you can find her eating while binge-watching The office. Also, she breathes music. She has done her bachelor's from Delhi University and her master's from Jamia Millia Islamia.

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Essay on Pollution for Students and Children

500+ words essay on pollution.

Pollution is a term which even kids are aware of these days. It has become so common that almost everyone acknowledges the fact that pollution is rising continuously. The term ‘pollution’ means the manifestation of any unsolicited foreign substance in something. When we talk about pollution on earth, we refer to the contamination that is happening of the natural resources by various pollutants . All this is mainly caused by human activities which harm the environment in ways more than one. Therefore, an urgent need has arisen to tackle this issue straightaway. That is to say, pollution is damaging our earth severely and we need to realize its effects and prevent this damage. In this essay on pollution, we will see what are the effects of pollution and how to reduce it.

essay on pollution

Effects of Pollution

Pollution affects the quality of life more than one can imagine. It works in mysterious ways, sometimes which cannot be seen by the naked eye. However, it is very much present in the environment. For instance, you might not be able to see the natural gases present in the air, but they are still there. Similarly, the pollutants which are messing up the air and increasing the levels of carbon dioxide is very dangerous for humans. Increased level of carbon dioxide will lead to global warming .

Further, the water is polluted in the name of industrial development, religious practices and more will cause a shortage of drinking water. Without water, human life is not possible. Moreover, the way waste is dumped on the land eventually ends up in the soil and turns toxic. If land pollution keeps on happening at this rate, we won’t have fertile soil to grow our crops on. Therefore, serious measures must be taken to reduce pollution to the core.

Get English Important Questions here

Types of Pollution

  • Air Pollution
  • Water Pollution
  • Soil Pollution

How to Reduce Pollution?

After learning the harmful effects of pollution, one must get on the task of preventing or reducing pollution as soon as possible. To reduce air pollution, people should take public transport or carpool to reduce vehicular smoke. While it may be hard, avoiding firecrackers at festivals and celebrations can also cut down on air and noise pollution. Above all, we must adopt the habit of recycling. All the used plastic ends up in the oceans and land, which pollutes them.

essay about air pollution in english

So, remember to not dispose of them off after use, rather reuse them as long as you can. We must also encourage everyone to plant more trees which will absorb the harmful gases and make the air cleaner. When talking on a bigger level, the government must limit the usage of fertilizers to maintain the soil’s fertility. In addition, industries must be banned from dumping their waste into oceans and rivers, causing water pollution.

To sum it up, all types of pollution is hazardous and comes with grave consequences. Everyone must take a step towards change ranging from individuals to the industries. As tackling this problem calls for a joint effort, so we must join hands now. Moreover, the innocent lives of animals are being lost because of such human activities. So, all of us must take a stand and become a voice for the unheard in order to make this earth pollution-free.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

FAQs on Pollution

Q.1 What are the effects of pollution?

A.1 Pollution essentially affects the quality of human life. It degrades almost everything from the water we drink to the air we breathe. It damages the natural resources needed for a healthy life.

Q.2 How can one reduce pollution?

A.2 We must take individual steps to reduce pollution. People should decompose their waster mindfully, they should plant more trees. Further, one must always recycle what they can and make the earth greener.

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Air Pollution Essay in English for Students

Air Pollution Essay: Air pollution is a big problem everywhere. It occurs when harmful things are released into the air, usually from factories, cars, and other sources.

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November 20, 2023

Air Pollution Essay

Table of Contents

Air Pollution Essay: Air pollution is a big problem around the world. It happens when harmful stuff gets released into the air, mostly from factories, cars, and other things. Even natural things like volcanoes and forest fires can make it worse.

Air pollution can make people sick, causing problems with breathing, the heart, and even cancer. It can also make rain acidic and create smog. Plus, it adds to global warming, which is not good for the planet. In this article we are going to cover air pollution essays with different word lengths. It will help students in the school essay writing competition.

Long and Short Essay on Air Pollution in English

Every day, the fresh air around us is getting dirty because of things like tiny particles, biological molecules, and other harmful stuff mixing in. This dirty air is causing health problems, making people sick, and sometimes leading to death. Air pollution is a big problem for our environment, and we all need to do something about it.

For students, it’s important to know about this issue, and that’s why essays about air pollution are becoming popular in writing competitions. If you’re a student looking to take part in such a competition, you’re in the right place. These essays on air pollution are written in simple English, using easy words, to help you understand and write about this important topic.

Air Pollution Essay 100 words

Air pollution is the presence of harmful substances in the air, leading to adverse effects on human health and the environment. It is a global issue that affects everyone, regardless of age, gender, or socioeconomic status. The primary sources of air pollution include industrial activities, vehicle emissions, and the burning of fossil fuels. Short-term exposure to air pollution can cause respiratory problems, while long-term exposure may lead to more severe health issues. To combat air pollution, individuals and governments must work together to reduce emissions and adopt sustainable practices.

Air Pollution Essay 150 words

Air pollution is a serious environmental problem that has far-reaching consequences. It occurs when harmful substances, such as particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur dioxide, are released into the atmosphere. These pollutants can have harmful effects on both human health and the ecosystem. Short-term exposure to air pollution can cause respiratory issues, eye irritation, and headaches. Long-term exposure is linked to more severe health problems, including cardiovascular diseases and respiratory disorders.

Human activities, such as industrial processes, transportation, and deforestation, contribute significantly to air pollution. To address this issue, it is essential to implement strict emission controls, promote renewable energy sources, and encourage sustainable practices. Additionally, raising awareness about the importance of air quality and its impact on health is crucial for fostering a sense of responsibility among individuals and communities. To fight air pollution, people and governments need to team up and cut down on emissions while grabbing eco-friendly practices.

Air Pollution Essay 200 words

Air pollution is a pressing environmental concern that poses significant risks to human health and the planet’s well-being. It is characterized by the presence of pollutants in the air, including gases, particulate matter, and toxic chemicals. Air pollution comes from different places, like industries, cars, and burning fossil fuels. It’s not just about breathing problems; it also harms the heart and makes life less enjoyable.

Particulate matter, consisting of tiny particles suspended in the air, is a major contributor to air pollution. These particles can penetrate deep into the lungs, causing respiratory diseases and aggravating existing health conditions. Ground-level ozone, another common air pollutant, can lead to respiratory problems and contribute to the formation of smog.

To combat air pollution, it is imperative to adopt sustainable practices and reduce dependence on fossil fuels. Governments play a crucial role in enforcing stringent emission standards for industries and promoting public transportation. Additionally, individuals can contribute by using energy-efficient appliances, carpooling, and planting trees to improve air quality. By collectively addressing the root causes of air pollution, we can create a healthier environment for current and future generations. Planting trees and participating in community clean-up efforts further contribute to improving air quality at the local level.

Air Pollution Essay 250 words

Air pollution is a big problem that needs quick attention and complete solutions. It’s bad for people, nature, and the weather. The main things causing air pollution are factories, cars, farms, and burning fossil fuels. These things let out harmful stuff like carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and other chemicals into the air.

The consequences of air pollution are diverse, affecting respiratory health, cardiovascular function, and overall well-being. Children, the elderly, and individuals with pre-existing health conditions are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of poor air quality. Prolonged exposure to air pollution can lead to chronic diseases, including lung cancer, heart disease, and respiratory disorders.

In addition to its impact on human health, air pollution also poses a threat to the environment. Acid rain, a result of pollutants like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides reacting with atmospheric moisture, can damage soil, water bodies, and vegetation. Moreover, air pollutants contribute to climate change by influencing the Earth’s radiation balance and exacerbating global warming.

Addressing air pollution requires a multi-faceted approach involving government policies, technological advancements, and individual efforts. Governments must enforce and strengthen air quality standards, invest in renewable energy sources, and promote sustainable practices in industries. Technological innovations, such as electric vehicles and cleaner industrial processes, can significantly reduce emissions.

On an individual level, people can contribute by adopting eco-friendly lifestyles, reducing energy consumption, and supporting initiatives that promote clean air. Planting trees, which act as natural air purifiers, and participating in community efforts to raise awareness about air pollution are simple yet impactful steps individuals can take.

Air Pollution Essay 300 words

Air pollution, a global challenge with far-reaching consequences, continues to be a significant threat to human health and the environment. The sources of air pollution are diverse and include industrial activities, vehicular emissions, agricultural practices, and the burning of fossil fuels. These activities release pollutants such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter into the atmosphere, contributing to the degradation of air quality.

The impact of air pollution on human health is profound. Respiratory diseases, cardiovascular problems, and other health issues are linked to the inhalation of pollutants present in the air. Children, pregnant women, and individuals with compromised immune systems are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of air pollution. Moreover, long-term exposure to pollutants can lead to chronic conditions, reducing life expectancy and overall well-being.

In addition to its impact on human health, air pollution poses a serious threat to the environment. Acid rain, a consequence of pollutants reacting with atmospheric moisture, can damage ecosystems, harm aquatic life, and degrade soil quality. The release of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, contributes to climate change, leading to rising temperatures, extreme weather events, and sea-level rise.

Addressing air pollution requires a comprehensive and collaborative effort. Governments play a pivotal role in formulating and enforcing policies that regulate emissions, promote renewable energy sources, and incentivize sustainable practices. Stricter emission standards for industries, the promotion of public transportation, and the development of green spaces in urban areas are essential components of a holistic approach to combat air pollution.

Technological advancements also play a crucial role in mitigating air pollution. The development and widespread adoption of clean energy technologies, electric vehicles, and efficient industrial processes can significantly reduce emissions and lessen the environmental impact of human activities.

Individuals can contribute to the fight against air pollution through conscious lifestyle choices. Reducing energy consumption, practicing waste reduction, and supporting initiatives that advocate for clean air are ways in which people can make a positive impact. Planting trees and participating in community clean-up efforts further contribute to improving air quality at the local level.

Air Pollution Essay 400 words

Air pollution, a pervasive and urgent environmental challenge, poses significant threats to human health, ecosystems, and the planet’s overall well-being. It is characterized by the presence of harmful pollutants in the air, including gases, particulate matter, and volatile compounds. The sources of air pollution are diverse, encompassing industrial activities, transportation, agriculture, and the combustion of fossil fuels.

The consequences of air pollution on human health are wide-ranging and severe. Short-term exposure can lead to respiratory problems, eye irritation, and headaches, while long-term exposure is associated with more serious conditions such as lung cancer, heart disease, and respiratory disorders. Vulnerable populations, including children, the elderly, and individuals with pre-existing health conditions, face heightened risks from the adverse effects of poor air quality.

Beyond its impact on human health, air pollution poses a grave threat to the environment. Acid rain, a result of pollutants reacting with atmospheric moisture, can harm soil, water bodies, and vegetation. The release of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and methane, contributes to climate change, leading to global warming, altered weather patterns, and rising sea levels.

To address air pollution effectively, a multifaceted approach is essential. Governments must play a proactive role in formulating and enforcing stringent environmental regulations. This includes setting and revising air quality standards, implementing emission controls for industries, and promoting the use of renewable energy sources. Investing in public transportation infrastructure, adopting sustainable urban planning practices, and incentivizing the development of clean technologies are crucial steps toward reducing the environmental impact of human activities.

Technological innovations also offer promising solutions in the fight against air pollution. The development and widespread adoption of electric vehicles, renewable energy technologies, and cleaner industrial processes can significantly reduce emissions and minimize the ecological footprint of various sectors. Research and development in air quality monitoring and pollution control technologies further contribute to our ability to tackle this global challenge.

Individuals, too, play an important role in combating air pollution. Adopting eco-friendly lifestyles, reducing personal carbon footprints, and supporting environmentally conscious businesses are ways in which individuals can contribute to cleaner air. Planting trees, participating in community clean-up initiatives, and advocating for sustainable practices in daily life further amplify the impact of individual efforts.

Education and awareness are key components of any successful strategy to combat air pollution. By informing the public about the sources and consequences of air pollution, we can foster a sense of responsibility and collective action. Educational programs in schools, community outreach initiatives, and media campaigns contribute to building a universal understanding of the importance of clean air and the role each individual can play in achieving it.

Air Pollution Essay FAQs

Writing an air pollution essay is a means of addressing the issues and proposing solutions related to the pollution of the air caused by harmful substances.

Air pollution is the presence of harmful substances in the air, such as pollutants and contaminants, which can have adverse effects on human health, the environment, and the overall quality of the air we breathe.

Common sources of air pollution include industrial activities, vehicle emissions, burning of fossil fuels, agricultural practices, and natural sources like wildfires and volcanic explosions.

Air pollution can harm ecosystems, contribute to acid rain, damage soil and water bodies, and adversely affect plant and animal life. The release of greenhouse gases from air pollution also contributes to climate change.

Individuals can contribute by using public transportation, carpooling, reducing energy consumption, and adopting eco-friendly practices. Planting trees and supporting clean energy initiatives are also effective ways to combat air pollution on a personal level.

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English Summary

Air Pollution Essay in English

As far as the effects of air pollution go, the most apparent is the impact on human health. It is one of the biggest cause of respiratory diseases like bronchitis, lung cancer etc. It also affects the productivity of animals and plants. 

There is also disruption of natural processes like the water cycle, temperature cycle, seasonal fluctuations, carbon and nitrogen fixation, pollination etc which are affected by air pollution. 

The damage to the ozone layer is one of the direct consequences of global warming caused by air pollution. Apart from these it also impedes air traffic leading to accidents and crashes etc. There are also dangers of incidents like Chernobyl, Bhopal Gas tragedy etc which are also a manifestation of gross form of air pollution.

Addition of harmful and unwanted substance to air is termed as air pollution. With the advent of industrialization and profuse use of fossil fuels, the quality of air that we breathe has deteriorated continuously. Smokes, gases like carbon monoxide, greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide etc. have also contributed to making our air poisonous.

The various causes of air pollution can be traced to the sources of air pollutants. They can be natural processes or human activities. With industries and manufacturing being the backbone of any modern economy, much of the toxic gases released by them affect the atmosphere.

Smoke, gaseous organic compounds, carbon dioxide, HCFCs etc. have negative effects on human health as well as the overall environment. Vehicular emissions of NOx, CO and SOx gases are another big cause of air pollution.

There are certain natural phenomena like a forest fire, volcanic eruption etc which also contribute to air pollution apart from human activity. Gases from agriculture, mining operations, thermal power generators, firecrackers etc, also impact air adversely. Therefore, deforestation and desertification have also aided the increase in air pollution levels.

To control and reduce air pollution we need to apply better planning in terms of location of industries away from human settlements. There is also a need to plant more trees to absorb the effects of air pollution and lower ambient air temperatures.

There is a requirement to switch over to nonpolluting sources of energy like solar, wind etc. in place of fossil fuels.  In terms of vehicular fuels, use of alternatives like CNG, biodiesel etc should be incentivized.

Strict regulation of environment impact assessment (Industries, power plants, commercial constructions etc) and regular checking of vehicles must be ensured.

There is a continuous need to engage with all stakeholders and spread awareness about the changing nature and spread of air pollution. This will enable informed dialogue and better accountability and supervision.

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Essay on Air Pollution in English : Students having assignment on Air pollution essay can get important tips and guidelines from this article. Here, you can have an idea on how to write an essay about Air pollution. Here is the sample of essay on Air pollution in 100, 200 and 500 words.

Essay on Air Pollution in 100 Words

Air pollution, a global concern, results from harmful contaminants released into the atmosphere. Sources include vehicle emissions, industrial activities, and burning fossil fuels. This pollution deteriorates air quality, leading to health problems like respiratory illnesses and cardiovascular diseases. Moreover, it contributes to environmental degradation, such as acid rain and climate change. Addressing air pollution requires concerted efforts, including implementing strict regulations, promoting cleaner technologies, and raising public awareness. By taking proactive measures to reduce emissions and mitigate pollution, we can protect human health and preserve the planet for future generations.

Essay on Air Pollution in 200 Words

Air pollution refers to the presence of harmful substances in the air, leading to adverse effects on human health, the environment, and ecosystems. It is primarily caused by human activities such as industrial emissions, vehicle exhaust, burning of fossil fuels, and agricultural practices. Natural processes like volcanic eruptions and wildfires also contribute to air pollution.

Common pollutants include carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, and particulate matter. These pollutants can have detrimental effects on respiratory health, causing conditions such as asthma, bronchitis, and lung cancer. Additionally, air pollution can lead to cardiovascular diseases, birth defects, and premature death.

Air pollution also harms the environment by causing acid rain, smog formation, and depletion of the ozone layer. It negatively impacts ecosystems, leading to biodiversity loss and habitat destruction. Plants, animals, and aquatic organisms suffer from reduced air quality, affecting their growth, reproduction, and survival.

To address air pollution, concerted efforts are needed at local, national, and global levels. Governments must enact and enforce strict regulations to limit emissions from industries, vehicles, and other sources. Promoting renewable energy sources, improving public transportation, and implementing sustainable urban planning strategies can help reduce air pollution. Additionally, public awareness and education campaigns are essential to encourage individuals to adopt eco-friendly behaviors and support pollution prevention initiatives.

Essay on Air Pollution in 500 Words

Air is an essential element of life on earth. Without air, the life of human beings is impossible. However, due to the changes taking place on Earth, the amount of oxygen is gradually decreasing, and many types of toxic gases are dissolving in it. In simple words, air pollution occurs due to chemicals, particulate matter, dust, toxic gases, organic matter, carbon dioxide, and other pollutants in clean air. Human activities are the main contributors to this problem. Also read-  My School Essay

What is Air Pollution?

Air pollution is a pressing concern when the level of dangerous substances like gases, particles, and organic molecules in the atmosphere becomes alarmingly high. This condition contaminates the atmosphere, making it poisonous, and poses significant harm to humans and animals. Also read-  Mahatma Gandhi Essay

Sources of Air Pollution

  • Natural Events: The eruption of a volcano is a major natural process that can significantly pollute the atmosphere.
  • Forest Fires: Forest fires are another natural source of air pollution.
  • Methane Gas: Decomposition of substances in marshy areas releases methane gas, contributing to pollution.
  • Plant Emissions: Hydrogen compounds and pollen grains produced by certain plants can also cause pollution.
  • Fog: Atmospheric fog can exacerbate pollution levels.
  • Household Activities: The burning of fuels such as wood, coal, dung cakes, kerosene, and gas in regular household activities contributes to air pollution.
  • Vehicle Emissions: All energy-driven vehicles emit harmful pollutants through internal combustion, releasing toxic gases and particles like carbon monoxide and lead, which increase air pollution.
  • Smog Formation: Oxides of nitrogen released from petrol and diesel vehicles react with hydrocarbons in sunlight to form lethal photochemical smog.

Side-effects of Air Pollution

Air pollution leads to the thinning of the ozone layer, exposing us to harmful sun rays and increasing the risk of skin cancer. Also Read- Environmental Pollution Essay

  • Health Issues: Asthma, cancer, headaches, stomach diseases, allergies, and heart diseases can result from exposure to air pollution, severely impacting human health.
  • Oxygen Depletion: The gradual reduction in oxygen levels in our atmosphere is detrimental to human existence.
  • Environmental Imbalance: High levels of pollution contribute to environmental instability, leading to frequent disasters and calamities.
  • Acid Rain: Air pollution introduces harmful substances into the atmosphere, contributing to the occurrence of acid rain.

Air pollution is a deadly menace that threatens all life on Earth. It is imperative to control this problem, or life as we know it could be erased. While governments have made efforts to combat air pollution, it is also our responsibility to implement these measures. Actions such as reducing plastic usage, regulating factory establishments, promoting the use of non-leaded antiknock agents in petrol, and increasing tree plantation efforts are crucial steps in the fight against  pollution .

10 Lines on Air Pollution

  • Air pollution is the presence of harmful substances in the air, such as gases and particulate matter.
  • Sources of air pollution include vehicle emissions, industrial activities, and burning of fossil fuels.
  • Pollutants like carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides can have detrimental effects on human health.
  • Air pollution can lead to respiratory diseases, cardiovascular problems, and even premature death.
  • It also contributes to environmental issues such as acid rain, smog, and global warming.
  • Indoor air pollution from household activities like cooking and smoking is also a concern.
  • Air pollution affects not only humans but also plants, animals, and ecosystems.
  • Measures to control air pollution include the use of cleaner fuels, emission standards for industries, and promoting public transportation.
  • Planting trees and creating green spaces can help improve air quality by absorbing pollutants.
  • Addressing air pollution is crucial for safeguarding public health and preserving the environment for future generations.

How to Write Essay on Air Pollution?

Writing an essay on air pollution involves several steps to ensure clarity, coherence, and effectiveness. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you write an impactful air pollution essay-

  • First, understand the key aspects of air pollution, including its causes, effects, and solutions. 
  • Now, create an outline to organize your thoughts and structure your essay logically. A typical essay structure includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Each section serves a specific purpose:
  • Introduction: Start with an attention-grabbing opening to introduce the topic of air pollution. Provide background information and context, including why air pollution is a significant issue. End the introduction with a clear thesis statement that outlines the main points you will discuss in the essay.
  • Body Paragraphs: In the body of your essay, develop your main points in separate paragraphs. Each paragraph should focus on a specific aspect of air pollution, such as its causes, effects on health and the environment, and potential solutions. Support your points with evidence, statistics, examples, and quotes from reputable sources.
  • Conclusion: Summarize the key points discussed in the essay and restate your thesis statement. Emphasize the importance of addressing air pollution and suggest possible actions or solutions. End with a thought-provoking closing statement to leave a lasting impression on the reader.

3. S tart writing your essay by using clear and concise language, and avoid jargon or overly complex terminology. 

4. Use data, case studies, and real-life examples to elaborate the impact of air pollution on human health, the environment, and society as a whole.

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Air and Water Pollution Descriptive Essay

Air pollutants, water pollutants, reference list.

Carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxide are examples of air pollutants, which cause major damages to the environment. These pollutants are associated with many health problems that affect the respiratory organs. They also affect properties contributing to rusting of metal in vehicles and roofing materials.

They are classified as air pollutants because they affect the air. Carbon monoxide, which is processed by plants, is a hazardous substance emitted to the environment. Thus, it is classified as a primary pollutant because it is the most common pollutants in the environment. Carbon monoxide causes suffocation when inhaled in large quantities (Donald, 2001).

This happens in most cases, especially where people use coal to warm their houses. Carbon monoxide is emitted when coal burns in oxygen. Once emitted in abundance, it leads to death through suffocation. However, this happens when its release in the environment is relatively high.

For example, a house which lacks sufficient air circulation can cause carbon monoxide to accumulate thus affecting the occupants. In the environment, the impact of carbon monoxide is felt overtime, since it leads to respiratory problems. Consequently, Nitrogen oxide also constitutes primary pollutant.

This owe to the fact that, its production is in mass. The main sources of Nitrogen oxide emissions are; power plants and motor vehicles. Nitrogen oxide gas is produced by plants during the process of the nitrogen cycle, and despite being a pollutant; its production cannot be regulated.

In relation to the layers of the atmosphere, these two gases contribute to the destruction of the Ozone layer. The destruction takes place in such a way that it cannot be felt or noticed. However, prolonged process causes global warming. Nitrogen oxide, for example, is produced on a daily basis from plants, and thus, it cannot be controlled.

Consequently, products manufactured from industries emit these gases. The gas emitted diffuses into the environment, producing effects such as; corrosion of Ozone layers of the atmosphere which shelters the earth from dangerous rays of the sun (Donald, 2001).

The excessive emission of sun rays results in the development of skin problems brought about by ultra- violet rays, a good example of a problem caused by this phenomenon is the being skin cancer. Skin Cancer and related cases have increased sharply in the current years.

The most common water pollutants include; pesticides and chlorine. Pesticides get into the water systems when they are being applied to plants. These substances are swept by rain water into water bodies, absorbed into the soil, and in some cases, find their way through soil layers to the underground water (Parks, 2007).

However, the latter option might take a longer duration of continuous usage. Chlorine is believed to be a solution to contaminated water, but in the real sense, it pollutes the water by introducing chemicals. When chlorine interacts with decomposing vegetation, it results in toxic substances considered to form part of the causal agents of cancer.

Consequently, pesticides also play a destructive role to aquatic life. The damages they cause include; suffocating the breeding eggs, and poisoning the plants and animals that thrive in the sea or other water bodies (Parks, 2007).

Chlorine, on the other hand, leads to the formation of chloroform when it interacts with the dead and decomposing plants in water. The normal use of chloroform is to suffocate animals that are being used in experiments. When chlorine is used in a mild form, it serves as a drug that induces the coma, before an operation is conducted.

Donald, R. L. (2001). Air pollution . New York: Children’s Press.

Parks, P. J. (2007). Water pollution . Detroit: KidHaven Press.

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IvyPanda . "Air and Water Pollution." December 1, 2023.

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Essay on Air Pollution

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Air Pollution Essay: Air pollution is a major environmental problem in many parts of the world. It is caused by the release of harmful pollutants into the atmosphere. These pollutants can come from a variety of sources, including factories, power plants, cars, and airplanes. They can also come from natural sources, such as volcanoes and forest fires.

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Air Pollution can have a variety of negative effects on human health, the environment, and the climate. It can cause respiratory problems, heart disease, and cancer. It can also lead to acid rain and smog. Additionally, air pollution can contribute to global warming .

Long and Short Essay on Air Pollution in English

Day by day, the fresh air of the environment is getting polluted because of the mixing of particulates, biological molecules, and other harmful materials. Such polluted air is causing health problems, diseases, and death. Air pollution is one of the most important environmental issues which requires to be noticed and solved by the efforts of all of us.

In order to increase awareness among students about this issue, Air Pollution Essay has become an important topic for the essay writing competition. So, students, you are in the right place; just go ahead. Such an Essay on Air Pollution will help you win an essay writing competition because all are written in very simple English using easy words.

Air Pollution Essay 100 words

Air pollution is a most serious problem of the current time all over the world, especially in large cities, because of the huge level of industrialization. The release of such air pollutants in heavy concentrations such as smog, particulates, solid materials, etc., are getting settled over the city, causing air pollution and health hazards. Many dirty wastes are produced by people daily, especially in the big cities polluting the whole atmospheric air to a great extent.

The release of gaseous pollutants from burning fuel of motor vehicles, industrial processes, burning of garbage, etc., are contributing to the air pollution. Some natural pollutants like pollen, dust, soil particles, natural gases, etc., are also sources of air pollution.

Air Pollution Essay 150 words

is the mixing of harmful substances into the atmosphere fresh air causing huge levels of damage, human health disorders, reducing the quality of life, etc. Air pollution is increasing daily because of the increasing number of industries. Such polluted air never remains in one place but spread to the whole environment and affects people’s lives all through the world. Death rates of human beings have increased because of an increased variety of diseases. The polluted air we breathe every moment causes lung disorders and even lung cancer, thus affecting the health of other body organs.

Air pollution continuously damages the whole ecological system and affects the lives of plants and animals. It has reached a critical stage and affected the whole atmosphere by allowing more harmful radiations from the sun to the earth. Again polluted air acts as a better insulator that prevents heat from escaping back into space.

Air Pollution Essay 200 words

Air pollution is one of the main environmental issues nowadays. There are many reasons behind regularly increasing this air pollution. Most air pollution is caused by automobiles, transport means, industrialization, growing cities, etc. The release of several harmful gases or dangerous elements from such sources is causing whole atmospheric air pollution. The ozone layer is also getting affected too much by air pollution, which causes serious disturbances to the environment. The increasing need of the ever-growing human population is the main cause of pollution. Daily human being activities causing dangerous chemicals to release, making the atmosphere dirtier than ever and forcing climate change negatively.

The industrialization process releases harmful gases, particles, paint, and batteries containing lead; cigarettes release carbon monoxide, and transport means release CO2 and other toxic substances into the atmosphere. All the pollutants are in contact with the atmosphere, destroying the ozone layer and calling harmful sun rays to the earth. In order to reduce the level of air pollution, we should bring some huge changes to our habits on a daily basis. We should not cut trees, use public transportation, avoid spray cans, and do so many activities to reduce the effects of air pollution.

Air Pollution Essay 250 words

Air pollution is the mixing of foreign substances into the whole atmospheric air. Harmful and toxic gases emitted by industries and motor vehicles cause huge damage to living organisms, whether plants, animals, or human beings. Some of the natural and various human resources are causing air pollution. However, most air pollution sources stem from human activities like burning fossil fuels, coal, and oil and releasing harmful gases and substances from factories and motor vehicles. Harmful chemical compounds like carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, solid particles, etc., are getting mixed into the fresh air. The level of air pollution has increased greatly because of the 690% increase in damaging pollutants because of the expanded need for motor vehicles in the last century.

Another source of air pollution is the decomposition of garbage in landfills and the disposal of solid wastes emitting methane gas (dangerous to health). The rapid growth of population, industrialization, and increased use of automobiles, airplanes, etc., have made this issue a serious environmental problem. The air we breathe every moment is full of pollutants going to our lungs and whole body through blood, causing uncountable health problems. Therefore polluted air is causing damage to plants, animals, and human beings in many direct and indirect ways. If the environmental protection policies are not followed seriously and strictly, the increasing level of air pollution may increase to one million tons annually in recent decades.

Air Pollution Essay 300 words

When the fresh air gets polluted by means of dust, toxic gases, smoke, motor vehicles, mills, factories, etc. called air pollution. As we all know that fresh air is the most important element of a healthy life, we need to think that what happens if the whole atmospheric air gets dirty. First, air pollution is a matter of great regret for the whole human fraternity. Some of the big reasons for air pollution are poisonous fertilizers, insecticides, and pesticides in the agricultural sectors by innocent farmers to increase crop production. Released chemicals and hazardous gases (ammonia) from fertilizers are getting mixed into the fresh air and causing air pollution.

The burning of fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum and other factory combustibles are the major causes of air pollution. A variety of smoke emissions from the automobiles, such as cars, buses, motorcycles, trucks, jeeps, trains, airplanes, etc., are also causing air pollution. An increasing number of industries are causing the release of toxic industrial smokes and harmful gases (like carbon monoxide, organic compounds, hydrocarbons, chemicals, etc.) from the factories and mills to the environment. Some indoor activities of the people, like innocent use of cleaning products, washing powders, paints, etc., emit various toxic chemicals into the air.

The ever-increasing level of air pollution also enhances its harmful effects on the health of living beings. Air pollution is causing global warming to increase because of increasing atmospheric temperature due to the increasing level of greenhouse gases. Such greenhouse gases again cause greenhouse effect and force sea levels to increase, glaciers to melt, weather to change, climate to change, etc. Increasing air pollution is causing many lethal diseases (cancer, heart attack, asthma, bronchitis, kidney diseases, etc.) and death. Various important animal and plant species have been destroyed completely from this planet. The increasing level of harmful gases in the environment is causing the occurrence of acid rain and depleting the ozone layer.

Air Pollution Essay 400 words

The increasing concentration of harmful and toxic materials in the fresh air of the atmosphere is causing air pollution. Various foreign particles, toxic gases, and other pollutants released from various human activities are affecting the fresh air, which has an adverse effect on living beings like humans, animals, and plants. Air pollution levels depend on the type and amount of pollutants released from various sources. Topographical and meteorological conditions are increasing the spread and concentration of pollutants. Therefore variety of raw materials used in the manufacturing process in industries is increasing the type and quantum of emissions of harmful gases. Increasing population density is demanding the need for more industrialization, which ultimately causes air pollution.

Air Pollutants like harmful liquid droplets, solids particulates, and toxic gases (oxides of carbon, halogenated and non-halogenated hydrocarbons, nitrogen and sulfur gases, suspended inorganic particulate matters, inorganic and organic acids, bacteria, viruses, insecticides, etc.) which are generally not the constituents of fresh air are very hazardous to the plant and animal life. There are two types of air pollution sources which are natural sources and man-made sources. Some natural sources of air pollution are volcanic eruptions, volcanoes (ashes, carbon dioxide, smokes, dust, and other gases), deflation of sands, dust, salts spray from seas and ocean, soil particles, storms, forest fires, cosmic particles, rays, the bombardment of asteroid materials, comets, pollen grains, fungal spores, viruses, bacteria, etc.

However Man-made sources of air pollution are industries, agriculture, power plants, automobiles, domestic sources, etc. Some of the air pollutants from man-made sources are smoke, dust, fumes, particulate matter, gases from the kitchen, domestic heating, emissions from different vehicles, use of insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, and the heat created from power plants, smokes, fly ash, etc. Because of the increasing number of air pollutants, it has divided into two types: primary and secondary pollutants. Primary pollutants directly affect the fresh air and emitted from smoke, ash, dust, fumes, mist, spray, inorganic gases, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, hydrogen sulphide, ammonia, nitric oxide, and radioactive compounds. Secondary pollutants indirectly affect the air by chemical interactions with the primary pollutants and other atmospheric constituents such as sulphur-trioxide, ozone, hydrocarbons, nitrogen dioxide, etc.

The get-together effort of human beings all over the world may help in controlling the level of air pollution. Establishment of industrial estates should away from residential areas, motivate use of tall chimneys instead of small, promote the use of high-temperature incinerators. However use of non-combustive sources of energy, promote the use of non-lead antiknock agents in the gasoline, promote re-plantation and so many positive efforts.

Air pollution essays given above useful to range of students studying in classes 1 to 10, etc. You can select any of them according to your need and requirement. Also you can use in an exam or essay writing competition at any event. Apart from an essay on air pollution, you can get other related essays and related information such as:

Air Pollution Essay FAQs

What is air pollution essay writing.

Air pollution essay writing is a way to express the problems and solutions related to the contamination of the air by harmful substances.

What is air pollution in a hundred words?

Air pollution is when the air we breathe becomes dirty with things like smoke, chemicals, and tiny particles, which can harm our health and the environment.

What is air pollution in 10 lines?

Air pollution is the presence of harmful pollutants in the air. It can come from cars, factories, and natural sources. Breathing polluted air can cause health problems. Air pollution also harms animals and plants. To reduce air pollution, we need cleaner fuels and better waste management. Planting trees can help clean the air. Laws and regulations are made to control air pollution. Education is essential to raise awareness about air pollution. Everyone can play a part in reducing air pollution by using energy wisely.

What is air pollution short paragraph?

Air pollution is when the air contains harmful substances like smoke and chemicals. This can make people sick and harm the environment.

What is air pollution for class 3 students?

Air pollution means the air becomes dirty with things that are not good for us. It can make us sick, so we need to keep the air clean.

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Air Pollution Essay in English

We all live on Planet Earth, surrounded by the Atmospheric Environment. Earth’s environment is not pure and clean as we think and see in our surroundings. But because of the pollution emitted from industries, vehicles, and other sources that are responsible for causing the pollution. This pollution which adversely affects the health of humans and also animals, are called Air Pollution. It is an invisible kind of pollution which we can’t see from our naked eyes but impacts very badly on our health. 

We think that the air we breathe is pure and fresh, but it contains a lot of toxic gasses and dust particles present in the air that releases from the Industries, by an increase in the burning of the fossil fuels and the firewoods, burning of forests, smokes release from the nuclear emissions, CFCs, volcanic eruptions, and also from the industrial wastes, thermal nuclear radiations, etc. Due to the increase in industrialization, the toxic gasses emitted from the chimneys of the plant, including hazardous gasses and dust particles, pollutes the atmospheric air day by day. 

During the last few decades, an increase in industrialization led to an increase in transportation, and thus vehicle transportation increases which cause the burning of fossil fuel is a major quantity releasing the greenhouse gasses from the vehicles increased the number of air pollutants in a great quantity. In earlier times, there were a huge number of trees and forests that filter the air and reduce pollution, but due to deforestation, large numbers of trees are being cut down and still cut to increase urbanization. This results in less filtered air from the trees and leads to increased pollution. Due to this, many diseases can spread among human beings and also animals. It impacts us very badly, such as skin diseases, lung failures or respiratory disorders, heart attacks, cell damage in the respiratory systems, etc. 

There are certain ways to reduce the air pollution from the atmosphere and from that we can somehow prevent the environment from the adverse effects of the air pollutants. Above all, many initiatives like planting trees use of eco-friendly fuels are widely promoted worldwide. Starting the reforestation program and spreading awareness of the benefits of reforestation to human beings. It increases the number of trees, which filters the atmospheric air and absorbs greenhouse gasses like carbon dioxide, and increases the amount of oxygen on earth. 

Starting the Pollution Act laws and policies to the Industries to filter the glasses before releasing in the atmosphere and supports reforestation by planting trees near the industrial areas. This can minimize the release and impacts of toxins from the factories. Use of public transportation and avoiding the use of unnecessary personal transportation, and using the CNG or eco-friendly gasses or fuels to run the vehicles, which helps reduce the use of fossil fuels, results in decreasing the emission of the greenhouse gasses from vehicles. We can control the air pollution to a greater extinction, and only we have to understand the importance of the environment.

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