Democracy Essay for Students and Children


500+ Words Essay on Democracy

Democracy is known as the finest form of government. Why so? Because in a democracy, the people of the country choose their government. They enjoy certain rights which are very essential for any human being to live freely and happily. There are various democratic countries in the world , but India is the largest one. Democracy has withstood the test of time, and while other forms have the government has failed, democracy stood strong. It has time and again proved its importance and impact.

Democracy essay

Significance of a Democracy

Democracy is very important for human development . When people have free will to live freely, they will be happier. Moreover, we have seen how other forms of government have turned out to be. Citizens are not that happy and prosperous in a monarchy or anarchy.

Furthermore, democracy lets people have equal rights. This ensures that equality prevails all over the country. Subsequently, it also gives them duties. These duties make them better citizens and are also important for their overall development.

Most importantly, in a democracy, the people form the government. So, this selection of the government by the citizens gives everyone a chance to work for their country. It allows the law to prevail efficiently as the rules are made by people whom they have selected.

In addition, democracy allows people of various religions and cultures to exist peacefully. It makes them live in harmony with one another. People of democracy are more tolerant and accepting of each other’s differences. This is very important for any country to be happy and prosper.

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India: A Democratic Country

India is known to be the largest democracy all over the world. After the rule of the British ended in 1947 , India adopted democracy. In India, all the citizens who are above the age of 18 get the right to vote. It does not discriminate on the basis of caste, creed, gender, color, or more.

essay on democracy 500 words

Although India is the largest democracy it still has a long way to go. The country faces a lot of problems which do not let it efficiently function as a democracy. The caste system is still prevalent which hampers with the socialist principle of democracy. Moreover, communalism is also on the rise. This interferes with the secular aspect of the country. All these differences need to be set aside to ensure the happiness and prosperity of the citizens.

In short, democracy in India is still better than that in most of the countries. Nonetheless, there is a lot of room for improvement which we must focus on. The government must implement stringent laws to ensure no discrimination takes place. In addition, awareness programs must be held to make citizens aware of their rights and duties.


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Essay on Democracy

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  • Nov 23, 2022

Essay on Democracy

The oldest account of democracy can be traced back to 508–507 BCC Athens . Today there are over 50 different types of democracy across the world. But, what is the ideal form of democracy ? Why is democracy considered the epitome of freedom and rights around the globe? Let’s explore what self-governance is and how you can write a creative and informative essay on democracy and its significance. 

Can you answer these questions in under 5 minutes? Take the Ultimate GK Quiz to find out!

This Blog Includes:

What is democracy , sample essay on democracy (100 words), sample essay on democracy (250 to 300 words), sample essay on democracy for upsc (500 words).

Democracy is a form of government in which the final authority to deliberate and decide the legislation for the country lies with the people, either directly or through representatives. Within a democracy, the method of decision-making, and the demarcation of citizens vary among countries. However, some fundamental principles of democracy include the rule of law, inclusivity, political deliberations, voting via elections , etc. 

Did you know: On 15th August 1947, India became the world’s largest democracy after adopting the Indian Constitution and granting fundamental rights to its citizens?

Must Explore: Human Rights Courses for Students 

Democracy where people make decisions for the country is the only known form of governance in the world that promises to inculcate principles of equality, liberty and justice. The deliberations and negotiations to form policies and make decisions for the country is the basis on which the government works, with supreme power to people to choose their representatives, delegate the country’s matters and express their dissent. The democratic system is usually of two types, the presidential system, and the parliamentary system. In India, the three pillars of democracy, namely legislature, executive and judiciary, working independently and still interconnected, along with a free press and media provide a structure for a truly functional democracy. Despite the longest-written constitution incorporating values of sovereignty, socialism, secularism etc. India, like other countries, still faces challenges like corruption, bigotry, and oppression of certain communities and thus, struggles to stay true to its democratic ideals.

essay on democracy

Did you know: Some of the richest countries in the world are democracies?

Must Read : Consumer Rights in India

As Abraham Lincoln once said, “democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people.” There is undeniably no doubt that the core of democracies lies in making people the ultimate decision-makers. With time, the simple definition of democracy has evolved to include other principles like equality, political accountability, rights of the citizens and to an extent, values of liberty and justice. Across the globe, representative democracies are widely prevalent, however, there is a major variation in how democracies are practised. The major two types of representative democracy are presidential and parliamentary forms democracy. Moreover, not all those who present themselves as a democratic republic follow its values.

Many countries have legally deprived some communities to live with dignity and protect their liberty, or are practising authoritarian rule through majoritarianism or populist leaders. Despite this, one of the things that are central and basic to all is the practice of elections and voting. However, even in such a case, the principles of universal adult franchise and the practice of free and fair elections are theoretically essential but very limited in practice, for a democracy. Unlike several other nations, India is still, at least constitutionally and principally, a practitioner of an ideal democracy.

With our three organs of the government, namely legislative, executive and judiciary, the constitutional rights to citizens, a multiparty system, laws to curb discrimination and spread the virtues of equality, protection to minorities, and a space for people to discuss, debate and dissent, India has shown a commitment towards democratic values. In recent times, with challenges to freedom of speech, rights of minority groups and a conundrum between the protection of diversity and unification of the country, the debate about the preservation of democracy has become vital to public discussion.

democracy essay

Did you know: In countries like Brazil, Scotland, Switzerland, Argentina, and Austria the minimum voting age is 16 years?

Also Read: Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship

Democracy originated from the Greek word dēmokratiā , with dēmos ‘people’ and Kratos ‘rule.’ For the first time, the term appeared in the 5th century BC to denote the political systems then existing in Greek city-states, notably Classical Athens, to mean “rule of the people.” It now refers to a form of governance where the people have the right to participate in the decision-making of the country. Majorly, it is either direct democracy where citizens deliberate and make legislation while in representative democracy, they choose government officials on their behalf, like in a parliamentary or presidential democracy.

The presidential system (like in the USA) has the President as the head of the country and the government, while the parliamentary system (like in UK and India) has both a Prime Minister who derives its legitimacy from a parliament and even has a nominal head like a monarch or a President.

The notions and principle frameworks of democracy have evolved with time. At the core, lies the idea of political discussions and negotiations. In contrast to its alternatives like monarchy, anarchy, oligarchy etc., it is the one with the most liberty to incorporate diversity. The ideas of equality, political representation to all, active public participation, the inclusion of dissent, and most importantly, the authority to the law by all make it an attractive option for citizens to prefer, and countries to follow.

The largest democracy in the world, India with the lengthiest constitution has tried and to an extent, successfully achieved incorporating the framework to be a functional democracy. It is a parliamentary democratic republic where the President is head of the state and the Prime minister is head of the government. It works on the functioning of three bodies, namely legislative, executive, and judiciary. By including the principles of a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic, and undertaking the guidelines to establish equality, liberty and justice, in the preamble itself, India shows true dedication to achieving the ideal.

It has formed a structure that allows people to enjoy their rights, fight against discrimination or any other form of suppression, and protect their rights as well. The ban on all and any form of discrimination, an independent judiciary, governmental accountability to its citizens, freedom of media and press, and secular values are some common values shared by all types of democracies.

Across the world, countries have tried rooting their constitution with the principles of democracy. However, the reality is different. Even though elections are conducted everywhere, mostly, they lack freedom of choice and fairness. Even in the world’s greatest democracies, there are challenges like political instability, suppression of dissent, corruption , and power dynamics polluting the political sphere and making it unjust for the citizens. Despite the consensus on democracy as the best form of government, the journey to achieve true democracy is both painstaking and tiresome. 


Did you know: Countries like Singapore, Peru, and Brazil have compulsory voting?

Must Read: Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Notes

Democracy is a process through which the government of a country is elected by and for the people.

Yes, India is a democratic country and also holds the title of the world’s largest democracy.

Direct and Representative Democracy are the two major types of Democracy.

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  • Democracy Essay for Students in English


Essay on Democracy


Democracy is mainly a Greek word which means people and their rules, here peoples have the to select their own government as per their choice. Greece was the first democratic country in the world. India is a democratic country where people select their government of their own choice, also people have the rights to do the work of their choice. There are two types of democracy: direct and representative and hybrid or semi-direct democracy. There are many decisions which are made under democracies. People enjoy few rights which are very essential for human beings to live happily. 

Our country has the largest democracy. In a democracy, each person has equal rights to fight for development. After the independence, India has adopted democracy, where the people vote those who are above 18 years of age, but these votes do not vary by any caste; people from every caste have equal rights to select their government. Democracy, also called as a rule of the majority, means whatever the majority of people decide, it has to be followed or implemented, the representative winning with the most number of votes will have the power. We can say the place where literacy people are more there shows the success of the democracy even lack of consciousness is also dangerous in a democracy. Democracy is associated with higher human accumulation and higher economic freedom. Democracy is closely tied with the economic source of growth like education and quality of life as well as health care. The constituent assembly in India was adopted by Dr B.R. Ambedkar on 26 th November 1949 and became sovereign democratic after its constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950.

What are the Challenges:

There are many challenges for democracy like- corruption here, many political leaders and officers who don’t do work with integrity everywhere they demand bribes, resulting in the lack of trust on the citizens which affects the country very badly. Anti-social elements- which are seen during elections where people are given bribes and they are forced to vote for a particular candidate. Caste and community- where a large number of people give importance to their caste and community, therefore, the political party also selects the candidate on the majority caste. We see wherever the particular caste people win the elections whether they do good for the society or not, and in some cases, good leaders lose because of less count of the vote.

India is considered to be the largest democracy around the globe, with a population of 1.3 billion. Even though being the biggest democratic nation, India still has a long way to becoming the best democratic system. The caste system still prevails in some parts, which hurts the socialist principle of democracy. Communalism is on the rise throughout the globe and also in India, which interferes with the secular principle of democracy. All these differences need to be set aside to ensure a thriving democracy.

Principles of Democracy:

There are mainly five principles like- republic, socialist, sovereign, democratic and secular, with all these quality political parties will contest for elections. There will be many bribes given to the needy person who require food, money, shelter and ask them to vote whom they want. But we can say that democracy in India is still better than the other countries.

Basically, any country needs democracy for development and better functioning of the government. In some countries, freedom of political expression, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, are considered to ensure that voters are well informed, enabling them to vote according to their own interests.

Let us Discuss These Five Principles in Further Detail

Sovereign: In short, being sovereign or sovereignty means the independent authority of a state. The country has the authority to make all the decisions whether it be on internal issues or external issues, without the interference of any third party.

Socialist: Being socialist means the country (and the Govt.), always works for the welfare of the people, who live in that country. There should be many bribes offered to the needy person, basic requirements of them should be fulfilled by any means. No one should starve in such a country.

Secular: There will be no such thing as a state religion, the country does not make any bias on the basis of religion. Every religion must be the same in front of the law, no discrimination on the basis of someone’s religion is tolerated. Everyone is allowed to practice and propagate any religion, they can change their religion at any time.

Republic: In a republic form of Government, the head of the state is elected, directly or indirectly by the people and is not a hereditary monarch. This elected head is also there for a fixed tenure. In India, the head of the state is the president, who is indirectly elected and has a fixed term of office (5 years).

Democratic: By a democratic form of government, means the country’s government is elected by the people via the process of voting. All the adult citizens in the country have the right to vote to elect the government they want, only if they meet a certain age limit of voting.

Merits of Democracy:

better government forms because it is more accountable and in the interest of the people.

improves the quality of decision making and enhances the dignity of the citizens.

provide a method to deal with differences and conflicts.

A democratic system of government is a form of government in which supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodic free elections. It permits citizens to participate in making laws and public policies by choosing their leaders, therefore citizens should be educated so that they can select the right candidate for the ruling government. Also, there are some concerns regarding democracy- leaders always keep changing in democracy with the interest of citizens and on the count of votes which leads to instability. It is all about political competition and power, no scope for morality.

Factors Affect Democracy:

capital and civil society

economic development


Norway and Iceland are the best democratic countries in the world. India is standing at fifty-one position.

India is a parliamentary democratic republic where the President is head of the state and Prime minister is head of the government. The guiding principles of democracy such as protected rights and freedoms, free and fair elections, accountability and transparency of government officials, citizens have a responsibility to uphold and support their principles. Democracy was first practised in the 6 th century BCE, in the city-state of Athens. One basic principle of democracy is that people are the source of all the political power, in a democracy people rule themselves and also respect given to diverse groups of citizens, so democracy is required to select the government of their own interest and make the nation developed by electing good leaders.


FAQs on Democracy Essay for Students in English

1. What are the Features of Democracy?

Features of Democracy are as follows

Equality: Democracy provides equal rights to everyone, regardless of their gender, caste, colour, religion or creed.

Individual Freedom: Everybody has the right to do anything they want until it does not affect another person’s liberty.

Majority Rules: In a democracy, things are decided by the majority rule, if the majority agrees to something, it will be done.

Free Election: Everyone has the right to vote or to become a candidate to fight the elections.

2. Define Democracy?

Democracy means where people have the right to choose the rulers and also people have freedom to express views, freedom to organise and freedom to protest. Protesting and showing Dissent is a major part of a healthy democracy. Democracy is the most successful and popular form of government throughout the globe.

Democracy holds a special place in India, also India is still the largest democracy in existence around the world.

3. What are the Benefits of Democracy?

Let us discuss some of the benefits received by the use of democracy to form a government. Benefits of democracy are: 

It is more accountable

Improves the quality of decision as the decision is taken after a long time of discussion and consultation.

It provides a better method to deal with differences and conflicts.

It safeguards the fundamental rights of people and brings a sense of equality and freedom.

It works for the welfare of both the people and the state.

4. Which country is the largest democracy in the World?

India is considered the largest democracy, all around the world. India decided to have a democratic Govt. from the very first day of its independence after the rule of the British. In India, everyone above the age of 18 years can go to vote to select the Government, without any kind of discrimination on the basis of caste, colour, religion, gender or more. But India, even being the largest democracy, still has a long way to become perfect.

5. Write about the five principles of Democracy?

There are five key principles that are followed in a democracy. These Five Principles of Democracy of India are -  secular, sovereign, republic, socialist, and democratic. These five principles have to be respected by every political party, participating in the general elections in India. The party which got the most votes forms the government which represents the democratic principle. No discrimination is done on the basis of religion which represents the secular nature of democracy. The govt. formed after the election has to work for the welfare of common people which shows socialism in play.

Democracy Essay

Democracy is derived from the Greek word demos or people. It is defined as a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people. Democracy is exercised directly by the people; in large societies, it is by the people through their elected agents. In the phrase of President Abraham Lincoln, democracy is the “Government of the people, by the people, and for the people.” There are various democratic countries, but India has the largest democracy in the world. This Democracy Essay will help you know all about India’s democracy. Students can also get a list of CBSE Essays on different topics to boost their essay-writing skills.

500+ Words Democracy Essay

India is a very large country full of diversities – linguistically, culturally and religiously. At the time of independence, it was economically underdeveloped. There were enormous regional disparities, widespread poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, and a shortage of almost all public welfare means. Since independence, India has been functioning as a responsible democracy. The same has been appreciated by the international community. It has successfully adapted to challenging situations. There have been free and fair periodic elections for all political offices, from the panchayats to the President. There has been a smooth transfer of political power from one political party or set of political parties to others, both at national and state levels, on many occasions.

India: A Democratic Country

Democracy is of two, i.e. direct and representative. In a direct democracy, all citizens, without the intermediary of elected or appointed officials, can participate in making public decisions. Such a system is only practical with relatively small numbers of people in a community organisation or tribal council. Whereas in representative democracy, every citizen has the right to vote for their representative. People elect their representatives to all levels, from Panchayats, Municipal Boards, State Assemblies and Parliament. In India, we have a representative democracy.

Democracy is a form of government in which rulers elected by the people take all the major decisions. Elections offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the current rulers. This choice and opportunity are available to all people on an equal basis. The exercise of this choice leads to a government limited by basic rules of the constitution and citizens’ rights.

Democracy is the Best Form of Government

A democratic government is a better government because it is a more accountable form of government. Democracy provides a method to deal with differences and conflicts. Thus, democracy improves the quality of decision-making. The advantage of a democracy is that mistakes cannot be hidden for long. There is a space for public discussion, and there is room for correction. Either the rulers have to change their decisions, or the rulers can be changed. Democracy offers better chances of a good decision. It respects people’s own wishes and allows different kinds of people to live together. Even when it fails to do some of these things, it allows a way of correcting its mistakes and offers more dignity to all citizens. That is why democracy is considered the best form of government.

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Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship in English for Children and Students

Table of Contents

Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship Democracy is the system of Government where people are given the power to elect the political leaders who will form the Government. Dictatorship is the Government where a single person rules. This person is called the dictator. In a democracy, citizens of the state choose their leaders and play an active role in building nations. Dictatorship, in contrast, is the type of Government where the power lies in the hands of a single leader, political group, or entity, and people have no right to elect their leader.

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Democracy vs. Dictatorship

Long and Short Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship in English

Here are essays of varying lengths on Democracy vs. Dictatorship to help you with the topic in your exam. You can select any Democracy vs. Dictatorship essay as per your need and interest:

Short Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship – Essay 1 (200 words)

Democracy is a government formed by the people. It refers to the rule of the majority. The basic principles of Democracy are political freedom, the rule of law, and equality. People elect political leaders who represent them and further the political decision-making at the local, regional, and national levels. Political leaders and parties with majority votes are elected.

The political leaders represent the people; therefore, the system is called representative Democracy. Democracy is the most common form of Government across the world. In this form of Government, every individual has equal rights and freedom to express their thoughts and opinions. Democracy leads to the prosperity and development of society.

Dictatorship refers to the form of Government where a single individual possesses absolute power and rules the state. The characteristics of dictatorship are suspension of elections, rule by decree, civil liberties, the proclamation of a state of emergency, and repression of political opponents without the rule of law. Dictators eliminate certain rights of people, mostly interfering with human rights. Dictators can be found throughout human history. Adolf Hitler, Saddam Hussein, and Benito Mussolini have been some famous dictators. People often feel insecure under a dictatorship.

Democracy offers freedom and voice to the people, whereas in a dictatorship, there is ruthless oppression of people.

Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship – What do you Prefer – Essay 2 (300 words)


The difference between Democracy and dictatorship is that in a democracy, people get to choose their leaders, while in dictatorship single individual or political entity rules the country. Democracy allows the free development of human personality, whereas the other form of Government hinders the development of human personality. Both are opposite political philosophies in terms of perception and approach and come with some merits and demerits.

What do you Prefer?

The basic characteristics of Democracy are equality, liberty, and fraternity. It gives freedom of thought, speech, and expression. It promises active participation and involvement of the governed in the governance. The chief principle of Democracy is that power is implemented with respect to human rights. It makes people interested in the country and its democratic process. In a democratic government, individuals’ freedom and rights are given importance. Democracy gives the right to eligible people to choose their leader, but most people make irrational judgments. The majority of population in developing nations such as India is illiterate, and the judgment made is not completely independent.

In a dictatorship, the governed have no right to voice/her opinion. In a dictatorship, absolute power is concentrated in the hands of the dictator. A strong and well-run dictatorship can be very effective. It can prove to be better than Democracy. But there is fear that the dictator may become authoritarian and ruthless. A dictatorship can run smoothly and steadily as the power lies in the hands of a single individual. It is solely on the dictator as to how he uses the power. He can use it for the nation’s advancement or for purposes like exploiting people, terrorism, etc.

No guarantee would justice be served in any form of Government. The success of any form of Government is based on the selection of rulers or political leaders selected through by-elections. I value the individual’s dignity, equality, and justice. I believe Democracy is any day better than the other alternatives.

Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship – Which is better – Essay 3 (400 words)

Democracy and Dictatorship are two political philosophies. We often hear these two terms together as these two are the most common types of Government, often at odds with one another. Democracy is the people’s Government, which gives all eligible citizens the right to participate in electing their political leaders by giving them a voice in legislation. Dictatorship gives absolute power to one individual, a dictator.

Democracy vs. Dictatorship

Both Democracy and dictatorship have some pros and cons. Democracy allows full freedom for the general public to express their thoughts and have a voice in legislation. In a dictatorship, people are bound to follow the rules and laws decided and defined by the dictator.

Some attributes of Democracy are the rule of law, freedom of the judiciary and press, and human rights. Still, in unstable democracies, these may be weak and lead to slow economic growth. The decision-making process can be much slower, which hampers the development of the nation. In fragile and unstable democracies, political leaders may be corrupt and mean.

A strong and stable dictatorship can be better than a weak democracy. If the dictator is efficient and works for the nation’s advancement, he can make quick decisions and enforce discipline for the nation’s progress. In a country like India, where people are ignorant and not educated enough to make correct judgments the Government formed can be corrupt. A strong democracy is important for the development of people and society.

Which of the Two is Better?

Democracy is better compared to dictatorship as it allows people the right to express and voice their opinion. In a dictatorship, there is no freedom of thoughts and expression, and people are subjected to the ideas and beliefs of a single ruler. Democracy is the Government by the people, so it is less endangered to revolution as the people choose the Government and can change their leaders by electing other leaders. There is no freedom of expression in a dictatorship, leading to unhappy people and violent revolutions.

However, whether it is a democracy or dictatorship, any political leader has no guarantee of good conduct. We are witness to political leaders who are corrupt or often misuse their power to lead their own party. In the end, the political leaders’ character, moral standards, integrity, and ethical approach lead to strong Government.

A good dictator is better than a bunch of corrupt, petty, and selfish leaders coming to rule in Democracy. On the other hand, a strong democracy with political leaders that work for social reform and advancement of the society and nation can be better than a ruthless and corrupt dictator. So, it all depends on the kind of person/people in power.

Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship – What is the Difference – Essay 4 (500 words)

Democracy is a type of Government in which eligible citizens have the right to elect representatives to form a government body. It involves citizens directly by giving them a voice in legislation. On the other hand, dictatorship is the form of Government where all the power is placed in the hands of one person, the dictator. Democracy and dictatorship have emerged as the two major forms of Government across the world since the beginning of the 19 th and 20 th centuries.

What is a Democratic Form of Government?

Democracy is the Government elected by a majority of the people. It generates the citizens’ interest in the country’s politics by giving them the right to elect government members. It is important in a democratic system that the citizens of the country participate and are aware of the social issues and their right to vote. There should be a sense of responsibility in people. The elections should be monitored impartially to ensure system integrity.

Characteristics of Democracy

Some characteristics of Democracy are legal equality, the rule of law, and political freedom. Democracy runs with the principle of majority rule. Under Democracy, all eligible citizens have equal access to legislative processes and are equal before the law. A vote by every eligible citizen is valuable and has equal weight. The constitution protects the rights and liberties of the citizens. Democracy protects human rights through cooperation and coordination. It offers diversity to represent all the communities. Equality lies at the heart of Democracy.

What is a Dictatorship Form of Government?

In a dictatorship, the absolute power is with the dictator. The dictator is the political leader who holds extraordinary power and exercises his power for self-interest. In a dictatorship, the ruler is the one who acts for the whole Nation.

Characteristics of Dictatorship

Dictatorship is characterized by some chief features such as civil liberties, suspension of elections, rule by decree, the proclamation of the state of emergency, and repression of political opponents without acting in accord with the rule of law.

The most common feature attributed to dictators is to take advantage of their position, usually by restraining the freedom of speech of the people’s citizens. It is done in order to maintain social and political supremacy. People have no right to voice their thoughts on the way they are governed. No elections are held, and people have no right to choose their leaders. In a dictatorship, the law-making body is a single person that is the dictator. So, law enforcement may become brutal at times. In such a type of Government, there is little regard for the rights of the people.

In a democratic form of Government, people enjoy great liberty. The power is with the masses. They can choose the Government, and they can change the Government. Every eligible citizen has equal rights and freedom of self-expression. In a dictatorship, there is the rule of a dictator. People have no right to elect their leaders and have to follow the laws and rules of the dictator. Thus, Democracy is the best form of Government that leads to the development of people and society as the rights and liberties of the citizens are highly respected.

Long Essay on Democracy vs. Dictatorship – Merits and Demerits – Essay 5 (600 words)

Democracy and Dictatorship are two different types of government or political philosophies. These are the two types of governments exactly unlike one another. Democracy is the Government allowing people to govern via a voting system. On the other hand, dictatorship takes power away from people and grants it to one individual ruler.

Merits and Demerits of Democracy

Merits of Democracy: Democracy is the Government of people compared to the Government of a single ruler or a class of people. It gives voice to the citizens of the country in legislation and develops a sense of responsibility among them. People elect the members of Government themselves in a democratic government, so it gives the freedom of thought and speech.

Democracy has been defined as the Government of the people, by the people, and for the people. People have the right to elect their representatives by giving their valuable votes. These representatives represent the citizens in the legislature. If the citizens are not happy with their representatives, they may not re-elect them in the next elections.

Demerits of Democracy: Democracy also has its set of disadvantages, and one of the biggest disadvantages is the rule of ignorance. People who are not educated or intelligent are likely to take the wrong decisions in casting votes, and this can lead to the wrong choice of government leaders. In our country, people fail to take sound or independent decisions. The corrupt politicians or those who lack skills but are famous personalities like actors often get elected due to the ignorance of people.

Merits and Demerits of Dictatorship

Demerits of Dictatorship: In dictatorship majority of power is granted to one individual. People have no right to interfere in how they are governed and cannot be involved in the political system. A dictatorship is a dominant form of Government. There are no elections and human rights issues in this form of Government. In a dictatorship, law enforcement and lawmaking can often become forceful and violent. The dictators may often use their power for personal benefits and make wrong judgments that are not in favour of the country. The chief issues in this form of Government are propaganda, repression, and media blackouts.

There is no freedom of speech and thought under dictatorship. People can get into trouble for opposing their Government. An individual does not enjoy liberty and right for the development of his personality and is forced to act as governed by his ruler. Dissenters can be a threat to the dictator. So, dictators often use their power to give unfair verdicts. In a dictatorship, there is no freedom of individual expression and political diversity, which can often lead to unhappy people and violent revolutions.

Merits of Dictatorship: However, there are certain advantages of dictatorship. The election is a complicated process. As mentioned above, the majority of the population, especially in developing nations, is ignorant and illiterate and cannot make a correct judgments. Some argue that something as unpredictable and complex as elections can be a disaster. Instead, in a dictatorship government can move quickly by giving power to an individual.

A dictator is a leader who is an expert in the field of administration and organization. He is the one who has a quick decision-making ability that can work in the favour of his country and people. Dictators can bring social reforms and eliminate social evils and crimes through laws and regulations. A dictator, who works for his country’s advancement and betterment, proves to be successful and is liked by all. A dictatorship can lead to a stable government as the dictator remains in power for a long time.

Thus, both Democracy and dictatorship are political philosophies with their own merits and demerits. However, Democracy is considered better as it is the Government of the people.

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Democracy Essay

essay on democracy 500 words

Democracy And Democracy

Introduction The relationship between economic growth and democracy has long been discussed and dissected ever since the beginning of the French Revolution and the democratization of Europe through the 18th and 20th centuries with various revolutions occurring, mostly in revolt to the overt dominance of the upper classes. Yet, no concrete answer has been defined on whether democracy directly increases economic growth, or that any non-democratic systems are strictly better at growing an economy. In

misconception concerning the form of government this nation possesses. Some believe it to be a democracy while others understand it to be a republic. Regardless of what people believe the American form of government to be, it does not change the fact that it was founded as a representative republic, and therefore, must be maintained and upheld as such. The following paragraphs will show the difference between a democracy and a republic, describe what form the Founders intended for the American government and

Democracy And Democracy : The Definition Of Democracy

Democracy by definition is "a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections". (Merriam-Webster Dictionary). By breaking this down to more layman words, it is a government which actions are based on the best interest of its people. Regardless of their social status or racial. When anyone, wherever they may be, looks up the definition of democracy this is

Democracy : Democracy Vs. Democracy

Democracy is a Greek invention, first practiced in the ancient Greek city of Athens. In the late 20th century, Democracy triumphed over all other major ideological systems, so overpowering was its victory that former critics now began to advocate their own democratic credentials. The vigorous rise of democracy has continued ever since and today there are over 112 self-proclaimed democratic countries around the world(Kekic 2007), whether all these countries are truly democratic or not is debatable

Democracy: Athenian Democracy

Democracy gives people equal rights to live in the government they live in. Original thoughts and ideas came from Athens. Although citizens had the ability to participate in the government; was not a completely democratic states. Slavery is what gave others the time to contribute to the government. Those not born in Athens that lived there were not considered citizens and were not allowed to play a part in choosing how their home was governed. In a democracy, all people have equal say, yet in Athens

Democracy Vs Democracy

the United States, people have individual liberties. Even though the United States has laws it is not considered a pure democracy, it is a republic. The definitions that is stated between democracy and individual liberty will help most understand that a democracy undermines a person’s rights, and I will prove this from the information that’s in our assigned reading. Democracy is a system of government by the people. It has also been defined as supreme power bestowed in the people and exercised

Democracy And Its Impact On Democracy

How are they related to democracy, concepts discuss the procedures that make democracy possible. Democracy related to our lives by looking for the right thing to do, for every one of us have equality and freedom of speech, we could have multiple ideas it might change the ideology of the country, we also could related the democracy by looking at the facts. The facts are Free Elections, Political Participation, Civil Liberties, and Functioning Government. The democracy is one of the most common types

Democracy And The Benefits Of Democracy

politically and socially. Before one can begin to discuss the merits of democracy, one must first answer the question what is democracy? In his essay on democracy, Robert Dahl explains how democracy cannot exist without protecting the rights of its citizens. Democracy is more than a system of government, it is also a “system of rights” because rights are “the essential building blocks” of a democratic government (Dahl 100). Democracy builds off of the idea of human rights to create a system of government

Democracy is a particular form of government the means, “ruled by the people”. The Greeks are widely credited for the concept of democracy, around six B.C. Many political science experts consider the early Greek government, to be a perfect for of democracy. People had the ability to decide various government issues, and the right to suffrage. Through out time, the concept of democracy was established by many nations. The United States, is widely credited on making democracy widely used around the

Democracy In American Democracy

American Democracy Democracies have been around for hundreds of years, dating back before the word democracy was created by the ancient Greeks. Democracies give the citizens of the nation power and let them have a say in politics. Also, the people have many freedoms guaranteed to them, unlike other types of government. The people elect local, state, and national government officials. The local government deals with many different issues. State government shares most of its power with the national

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Essay on Democracy Is the Best Form of Government

Students are often asked to write an essay on Democracy Is the Best Form of Government in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Democracy Is the Best Form of Government


Democracy is a form of government where power lies with the people. They elect representatives who make decisions on their behalf.

Benefits of Democracy

Democracy promotes equality and freedom, two pillars of a fair society. It guarantees basic human rights which are essential for personal growth.

Democratic Participation

In a democracy, every citizen’s voice matters. People can vote, express their opinions, and contribute to the nation’s progress.

Despite its challenges, democracy remains the best form of government. It respects individual freedoms, promotes equality, and involves citizens in decision-making.

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250 Words Essay on Democracy Is the Best Form of Government

Introduction to democracy.

Democracy, a form of government where power is vested in the hands of the people, is widely recognized as the best form of governance. Its essence lies in the principle of “government of the people, by the people, for the people.”

Democratic Principles and Freedom

Democracy guarantees fundamental rights and freedoms, providing citizens with the liberty to express their views, beliefs, and individuality. It ensures the right to equality, justice, and non-discrimination, fostering a society that respects diversity and inclusivity.

Accountability and Transparency

In a democratic government, leaders are elected by the people, making them accountable to the public. This accountability encourages transparency, discourages corruption, and promotes good governance.

Political Stability and Peace

Democracy fosters political stability and peace. It allows for peaceful transitions of power, reducing the likelihood of violent conflicts. Moreover, by giving citizens a voice, it reduces dissatisfaction and unrest.

Conclusion: Democracy as the Best Form of Government

While no form of government is flawless, democracy, with its emphasis on individual rights, equality, and freedom, is arguably the best. It promotes transparency, accountability, and political stability, making it the most conducive system for societal growth and development. It is the embodiment of the people’s will, resonating with the fundamental human desire for freedom and dignity.

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500 Words Essay on Democracy Is the Best Form of Government

Democracy, derived from the Greek words ‘demos’ (people) and ‘kratos’ (power), signifies the rule of the people. It is a form of government in which power is vested in the hands of the people who rule either directly or through freely elected representatives. This essay aims to explore the reasons why democracy is considered the best form of government.

Democratic Principles and Equality

At the heart of democracy lies the principle of equality. It is a system in which every individual, regardless of their social, economic, or cultural background, is given an equal opportunity to participate in the decision-making process. This inclusivity often leads to decisions that reflect the diverse interests of the populace, thereby promoting social harmony and cohesion.

Democracy fosters accountability and transparency, two critical factors in good governance. Elected officials are held accountable for their actions and decisions, which encourages them to act in the best interest of their constituents. Furthermore, the democratic process necessitates transparency, which aids in reducing corruption and promoting the efficient use of resources.

Protection of Individual Rights

Democracies are often characterized by the protection of individual rights and freedoms. These include the freedom of speech, religion, and the press, among others. These rights are not only protected by law but are also respected in practice. This respect for individual rights and freedoms promotes a culture of tolerance and pluralism, fostering a society where diverse opinions and beliefs can coexist peacefully.

Adaptability and Progress

Democracies are inherently adaptable, capable of evolving with societal changes. This flexibility allows them to address new challenges and adapt to changing circumstances. This adaptability, coupled with the constant influx of new ideas and perspectives, fosters innovation and progress, making democracies more resilient in the face of change.

Despite its challenges, democracy remains the best form of government due to its commitment to equality, accountability, protection of individual rights, and adaptability. It is a system that values the voice of every citizen, ensuring that power remains in the hands of the people. While it may not be perfect, democracy provides a platform for continuous improvement and progress, embodying the belief that collective wisdom surpasses individual intellect. As Winston Churchill once said, “Democracy is the worst form of Government except for all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.”

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Argumentative Essay On Democracy

Argumentative essay on democracy (200 words).

Title: In Defense of Democracy

Democracy often hailed as the most superior form of government, has its fair share of critics. However, the benefits of democracy far outweigh its imperfections, making it a suitable choice for the governance of diverse societies. This essay will argue in favor of democracy, discussing its key merits and providing a rebuttal to common criticisms.

Firstly, democracy promotes political equality, giving each citizen an equal opportunity to participate in decision-making processes. This inclusiveness fosters a sense of belonging and mutual respect, contributing to social cohesion. Moreover, democracies encourage open dialogue and debate, which allows for a free flow of ideas and ensures that the best solutions to collective problems are found.

Secondly, democratic systems hold leaders accountable to the public through regular elections. This accountability mechanism drives politicians to act in the citizens’ best interests, ensuring that corruption and abuse of power are minimized. Additionally, peaceful power transfer in democracies lessens the likelihood of political instability and violent conflicts.

Critics often argue that democracy can lead to decision-making paralysis due to diverse opinions. However, this diversity is an asset, ensuring that a wide range of perspectives is considered, ultimately leading to more informed and balanced decisions.

In conclusion, democracy remains the most desirable form of government, fostering political equality, encouraging open dialogue, and holding leaders accountable. While it may have its flaws, the advantages of democracy cannot be overlooked in promoting social cohesion, stability, and overall progress for the greater good.

Argumentative Essay On Democracy (500 Words)

Title: The Essence of Democracy: A Beacon of Freedom and Equality


Democracy, a political system that values the voice of every individual, has been the cornerstone of modern societies. With its fundamental principles of freedom, equality, and participation, it has established itself as the most prevalent form of governance around the globe. However, despite its widespread adoption, democracy has faced its fair share of criticism. This essay aims to delve into the merits of democracy, arguing that it is the most effective system to ensure a just and harmonious society.

  • Representation and Participation

One of the most significant advantages of democracy is the emphasis on representation and participation. By allowing citizens to elect their representatives through a fair and transparent electoral process, democracy ensures that the government is accountable to the people. This active involvement of the citizenry fosters a sense of belonging, encouraging individuals to contribute to their communities and promoting social cohesion. Thus, democracy paves the way for responsive and responsible governance, which is critical for the prosperity of any nation.

  • Protection of Rights and Freedoms

Democracy champions the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. Establishing an environment that upholds the rule of law, it ensures that every individual is treated equally before the law, irrespective of their social or economic status. Moreover, a democratic system guarantees essential rights such as freedom of speech, religion, and assembly, providing a platform for expressing diverse opinions and beliefs. Consequently, democracy fosters an inclusive and tolerant society where individuals can coexist and thrive despite their differences.

  • Adaptability and Stability

Democracy is inherently adaptable and stable, which is crucial in today’s rapidly evolving world. As a system that allows for the peaceful transition of power, it can accommodate changes in societal needs and aspirations without resorting to violence or upheaval. Furthermore, the checks and balances embedded in democratic institutions prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a few, ensuring that the government remains accountable and responsive. This adaptability and stability make democracy ideal for addressing contemporary challenges and promoting long-term societal progress.

  • Encouragement of Civic Responsibility

Democracy instills a sense of civic responsibility among its citizens, motivating them to take an active role in their communities. This engagement not only strengthens the democratic process but also contributes to the development of a more informed and responsible citizenry. By participating in elections, engaging in public discourse, and collaborating with their fellow citizens, individuals become more aware of their rights and responsibilities, ultimately leading to a more vibrant and resilient democratic society.

In conclusion, democracy is a beacon of freedom and equality in a world fraught with inequalities and injustices. Through its emphasis on representation, protection of rights, adaptability, and civic responsibility, democracy has proven to be the most effective system to ensure a just and harmonious society. While it may not be perfect, its merits far outweigh its shortcomings, making it the political system best suited for the challenges of the 21st century. As such, we must continue to uphold and strengthen democratic values and institutions as they form the bedrock of our shared human aspirations.


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