How to Write Play Titles in a Paper
1. determine the length of the play, 2. use quotation marks, 3. italicize the title.
It is common in literature classes to write papers about plays, such as the works of famous playwrights like Shakespeare, Ibsen and Sophocles, to name just a few. When writing about plays, as well as all works of literature, it is important to know the guidelines of how to properly write the titles when referring to them in your paper and listing them in the works cited page. Knowing how to write a play is one thing, but knowing how to mention plays in a paper is another. Since papers about literature are typically written in MLA format, you should know the MLA rules for writing play titles.
Determine the length of the play. The rules for titles of literature depend on the length of the work, and a plays can vary greatly in length. A play that consists of only one act is considered a short play, while a play that has more than one act is considered a long play.
Place the titles of one-act plays in quotation marks. MLA calls for titles of short works, such as articles and short poems, to be put in quotation marks. One-act plays fall in this category.
Italicize the title of longer plays. MLA calls for the title of longer works, such as books and films, to be italicized. Plays longer than one act are considered long works and should be italicized.
Don't underline the title of longer plays. Underlining used to be an acceptable form of writing titles for longer works, but MLA recently changed this and now allows on italicizing.
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How to write the title of a musical in an essay
- December 6, 2021
Writing a musical essay can sometimes be a daunting task, especially if it’s in an academic setting, and you are writing it for the very first time. Most academic essay writers see it as a creative challenge, and as such, they go all out brainstorming different ideas trying to determine the storyline or to create the one-line story summary. An academic writer can even try studying musicals to get inspiration on what to write. All these steps are very important in creating a good musical essay; however, most academic writers ignore a very important aspect of a musical essay. This aspect is the title writing. Lauren Bradshaw, a professional academic writer from CustomWritings.com , once said that “Good titles not only serve as a beacon that attracts people to a good essay but also reveal how good the essay is going to be before actually reading it.” and I support this, there is no better way for a writer, especially academic writers to expect a good response about their musical essay without putting in some work in writing the title.
How do you write the title of a musical in an essay? What strategy should you employ in writing the title of your musical? This article aims to answer all these questions and more, as you will find out as you continue to read through. By the end of this article, you are guaranteed to know how exactly to write a good musical title in your essay, especially if you are an academic writer Writing a good musical title is generally all about knowing +how to use punctuations and when to apply italics or underline. However, when writing an essay, different essay types require different forms of punctuation. For example, lengthy essay titles are mostly italicized or underlined, while smaller essay titles depend more on what style of composition you intend to use. Below are some composition styles and the appropriate way of writing its title.
1. APA Style
This is one of the most frequently used guidelines by even the American association of psychological studies. Many academic writers use this style for concise, powerful, and persuasive scholarly communication. Although this method is general and can be used by students of scientific discipline, It is mostly used by social science students such as sociology, physiology, and political science. According to the online writing library at Purdue University, the APA style requires that the title is enclosed in quotation marks, especially when it is referred to in the body of an essay. However, it is essential to note that the title should never be underlined when the APA guidelines are followed. Also, the references in this style of writing should be double-spaced. More importantly, the title should be placed at the center.
2. MLA Style
The Modern Language Association (MLA) citation and publication style is generally used by all students who major in different areas of humanity, such as history, but students mostly follow it in both literature and English class. So you can say this style of writing is for arts and humanities. The MLA style requires all its titles to be underlined or italicized, except its song titles. The song titles under this guideline are expected to be enclosed in quotation marks. In this style, the title should also be at the center.
3. AP Style
The Association Press style is mostly used by academic journalists or communication writers while writing musical essays. It is the go-to style and guide for magazines and newspapers as well. Its title is enclosed in quotation marks, and under no circumstances should it be underlined.
4. Chicago Manual of Style
Many academic writers prefer this style in different disciplines, including literature, art, and history. It is mostly the basis for formatting essays in college classrooms. The Chicago manual of style published the guide online and created an active site to ask Chicago-style academic writer’s experts questions. The proper way of punctuating a musical’s proper style in Chicago style is to enclose it in quotation marks, just like the APA and MLA styles.
It would be good to recognize the guidelines you are using to be able to know the exact rules of title punctuations are to be followed and how to use them appropriately.
How To Put Quotation Marks For Your Title
To write titles for musicals in short musicals while observing guidelines like the AP, APA, MLA, and Chicago Style, you need to put your titles in quotation marks. That’s why it’s important to know how to put quotation marks in your title. To do this, all you need to do is first press the key(“) and then put in the title, before finally pressing the key(“) again to close it. With this, you are done, and you have successfully put quotation marks on your title.
How To Italicize Your Titles
Are you aware that almost lengthy essays are to be italicized? Therefore, as academic writers, you need to know how to italicize titles to have a shot in writing appropriate titles for musicals. To be able to italicize words generally, whether one phone or a laptop, here are simple steps to easily italicize your titles. Firstly, you have to type your title and select it either by a long press or by a right click of your mouse. After which, you click Italian on the home page; it is recognized by a slanted I, and your title will easily be italicized. Examples of musical italicized essay titles include: Matilda The Musical, Miss Saigon, etc.
To find and learn more about how to write better titles for your musical essay, you can easily visit Custom Writings for more amazing rules that you can observe to make title writing all the easier for you.
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Do You Underline Play Titles When Writing? Essential Tips
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Introduction: Understanding Play Titles and Formatting
Understanding the basic rules of writing and formatting play titles, the importance of consistency in play title formatting, tips for correctly formatting play titles in writing, the influence of style guides on play title formatting, essential tips for underlining play titles in writing, exploring alternative methods for formatting play titles, in summary: navigating play title formatting with confidence, frequently asked questions, insights and conclusions.
Play titles and formatting may seem like a complex aspect of the theatrical world, but understanding the basics can greatly enhance your appreciation and knowledge of plays. In this section, we will delve into the intricacies of play titles and explore the importance of formatting.
Firstly, let’s discuss play titles. A play’s title is like its identity, capturing the essence of the work and captivating the audience’s attention. Titles can vary greatly, ranging from descriptive and straightforward to enigmatic and thought-provoking. When referencing a play title in your writing, it is essential to follow certain formatting rules. In general, play titles should be italicized or underlined, signaling that they are a separate entity from the surrounding text. For instance, William Shakespeare’s world-renowned tragedy, “Hamlet,” showcases the proper formatting.
Now, let’s turn our attention to play formatting. While it may not be as immediately captivating as the title, formatting plays a crucial role in ensuring a seamless and coherent theatrical experience. Act and scene divisions are typically utilized to structure a play, enabling the audience to follow the story’s progression. These divisions are usually labeled in capital letters and centered on the page, emphasizing their significance. Additionally, character names are often indented and written in uppercase, allowing actors and readers to easily identify their dialogue. Be sure to familiarize yourself with these formatting conventions, as they are essential for effectively understanding plays and communicating about them with others.
In conclusion, understanding play titles and formatting is integral to unraveling the rich tapestry of the theatrical world. By properly formatting titles and employing the appropriate structure within a script, playwrights and readers ensure a cohesive and engaging experience. So, whether you’re a theater enthusiast, an avid reader, or a budding playwright, mastering the art of play titles and formatting is sure to deepen your appreciation for the dramatic arts.
Play titles are a crucial element of any theatrical work, and understanding the basic rules of writing and formatting them is essential for any writer or aspiring playwright. Here are some key guidelines to help you navigate this creative process successfully:
1. Capitalization: When writing a play title, always capitalize the important words, such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. However, articles (a, an, the), prepositions (in, on, between), and conjunctions (and, but, or) should remain lowercase, unless they are the first or last word in the title.
2. Quotation Marks: Play titles should always be enclosed in quotation marks. This helps distinguish the title from the rest of the text and adds a visual emphasis. For example, use quotation marks when referring to renowned plays like “Romeo and Juliet” or “Death of a Salesman.”
3. Italics: When formatting play titles in written documents or manuscripts, instead of using quotation marks, it is customary to use italics. This helps make the title stand out and adds a professional touch. For instance, when writing an essay about a specific play, use italics to highlight the title like Macbeth or A Streetcar Named Desire.
4. Punctuation: In play titles, punctuation marks like colons or commas are not mandatory, unless they are part of the original title. If a play uses punctuation in its official title, it should be included when writing or formatting it.
can greatly enhance your work as a playwright or writer. By adhering to proper capitalization, quotation marks or italics, and punctuation, you can effectively convey the significance and aesthetic appeal of the play titles to your readers and audiences. So, whether you’re writing an essay, script, or promotional material, mastering these guidelines will undoubtedly amplify your creative expression.
Consistency is key when it comes to formatting the titles of plays. Maintaining a consistent format not only enhances the overall aesthetic appeal, but it also helps establish a professional and organized impression. By adhering to a standardized layout for play titles, it becomes easier for readers and audience members to navigate through different works and identify them effectively.
One of the main benefits of consistency in play title formatting is that it enables easy categorization and sorting in databases or libraries. When titles are formatted consistently, it becomes simpler to alphabetize or search for specific plays based on their titles. This is especially crucial for researchers, scholars, or theater enthusiasts who rely on streamlined access to numerous plays for their work or personal needs. Additionally, using consistent formatting can help prevent any confusion or ambiguity that may arise due to variant title styles used by different authors or publishers.
To ensure consistency in play title formatting, consider the following guidelines: – Always capitalize the first and last words of the title, as well as all major words in between. This excludes articles, prepositions, and conjunctions unless they are the first or last word of the title. – Use italics or underline to distinguish the title from surrounding text. – Consistently include any subtitle or alternate titles in brackets or parentheses, following the main title. – Pay attention to punctuation rules, such as using quotation marks for titles of shorter works within a play title. – If abbreviations or acronyms are used in a play title, be consistent in their usage throughout.
One of the fundamentals of writing is correctly formatting play titles, as they serve as important elements to convey the essence of a theatrical work. When referring to the title of a play within your writing, it is essential to follow specific guidelines to ensure accuracy and professionalism. By adhering to these formatting tips, you can effectively showcase your knowledge and appreciation for the world of theater.
Firstly, one common rule is to italicize play titles. This helps to distinguish them from the surrounding text and highlights their significance. For example, if you are discussing a well-known play such as William Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet,” remember to use the italic HTML tags when mentioning the title. By doing so, you convey to your readers that you are referencing the title of a specific theatrical production.
Additionally, when mentioning a play title within the text, it is customary to capitalize all major words. This includes nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. For instance, if you are writing about Tennessee Williams’ acclaimed play “A Streetcar Named Desire,” correctly capitalize each major word when mentioning it in your text. By applying proper capitalization, you present a polished and respectful reflection of the play’s title.
Moreover, if you are including a play title in your bibliography or reference list, it is important to preserve the formatting style. List the title of the play in italics, maintain title case capitalization, and include any additional pertinent information such as the author, publication date, and edition, if applicable. Following these guidelines ensures that your writing maintains a professional and coherent appearance.
Formatting play titles can be a tricky task, but fortunately, style guides play a vital role in providing clear instructions that help maintain consistency and professionalism. Whether you’re an aspiring playwright or a theater enthusiast, adhering to these guidelines ensures that your play titles are presented correctly and enhance the overall aesthetic appeal. Here are some key aspects influenced by style guides when it comes to play title formatting:
1. Capitalization: Style guides commonly recommend capitalizing all significant words in a play title. This includes nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. However, it’s important to exclude articles, coordinating conjunctions, and prepositions that have fewer than five letters, unless they are the first or last word of the title.
Underlining play titles is an essential aspect of writing that adds clarity and professionalism to your work. Whether you are writing an essay, manuscript, or even a simple blog post, knowing the correct way to underline play titles can greatly enhance your content. Here are some essential tips to keep in mind:
1. Use italics instead of underlining: In modern writing, italics have become the preferred way to indicate play titles. Italicizing play titles helps to differentiate them from regular text and makes them visually stand out. Thus, instead of underlining play titles, apply italics to convey the significance of the title.
2. Consistency is key: When underlining play titles, ensure you maintain consistency throughout your piece. It is crucial to apply the same formatting style to all play titles, whether they appear in the main body, headings, or citations. Consistency helps readers easily identify and recognize play titles in your writing.
3. Don’t forget quotation marks for smaller works within plays: Plays often contain smaller works, such as scenes, acts, or even songs. These smaller works should be enclosed in quotation marks to distinguish them from the play title itself. For example, if you are referencing a specific scene from the play “Romeo and Juliet,” you would write it as Act 1, Scene 5, or “Sonnet 18” within the text itself.
One of the key challenges in formatting play titles is capturing the essence and importance of the title within the body of the text. While traditional methods often involve underlining or using italics, there are alternative, creative methods that can make play titles stand out even more.
One alternative approach is to use a larger font size for the play title, highlighting its significance and allowing it to command attention. Another option is to incorporate different typography, such as using a playful or dramatic font that reflects the mood or genre of the play. Adding color to the play title is another way to make it visually striking and memorable. For example, bold and vibrant colors like red or gold can make the title pop on the page. Additionally, utilizing a different text alignment, such as centering or right-aligning the play title, can create visual interest and break the monotony of standard formatting.
By exploring these alternative methods, we can elevate the presentation of play titles, adding an extra layer of excitement and intrigue to the overall reading experience. Remember, the formatting choices should aim to enhance the understanding and emotional impact of the play, allowing readers to effortlessly connect with its essence. So, don’t shy away from experimenting with different approaches and making the play titles shine!
Navigating play title formatting may seem like a daunting task, but with a little guidance, you can master it with confidence. Here are some key points to keep in mind:
1. Capitalization: When formatting play titles, it’s important to follow the rules of capitalization. Generally, the first and last words of the title, as well as all major words (such as nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs), should be capitalized. However, minor words (such as articles, conjunctions, and prepositions) should be lowercase unless they are the first or last words.
2. Italics vs. Quotation Marks: Play titles should be either italicized or enclosed in quotation marks, depending on the formatting style you are using. In most cases, italics are preferred. However, some style guides recommend using quotation marks instead. Make sure to consult the style guide specified by your instructor or publication for the correct formatting.
3. Punctuation: When it comes to punctuation in play titles, consistency is key. If the play title includes a subtitle, separate it from the main title with a colon. For example, “Romeo and Juliet: A Tragic Love Story.” Avoid using unnecessary punctuation marks, such as exclamation marks or question marks, unless they are part of the original play title.
By following these guidelines, you can confidently navigate play title formatting like a pro. Remember to consult the specific style guide for any additional rules or exceptions to ensure your play titles are formatted correctly and consistently. Play on with confidence!
Q: Do you underline play titles when writing? A: No, underlining play titles is no longer common practice. There are specific formatting guidelines that should be followed when it comes to play titles.
Q: What are the essential tips for writing play titles? A: When writing play titles, it is important to follow a few key tips. First, use italics instead of underlining. Secondly, capitalize the principal words of the title. Lastly, refrain from using quotation marks.
Q: Why is underlining play titles no longer standard practice? A: Underlining play titles used to be the norm when typewriters were commonly used. However, with the advent of word processors and modern formatting standards, italics have replaced underlining as the preferred method of emphasis.
Q: What is the purpose of using italics instead of underlining? A: Using italics for play titles allows for better readability and aesthetics in written works. It also helps to differentiate the title from the surrounding text and provides a clear indicator that it is a play title.
Q: Which words should be capitalized in a play title? A: As a general rule, capitalize the principal words in a play title, including nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. Articles (such as “the” or “an”), conjunctions (such as “and” or “but”), and prepositions (such as “in” or “on”) are typically not capitalized unless they are the first or last words of the title.
Q: Can quotation marks be used to emphasize play titles instead of italics? A: No, it is not recommended to use quotation marks to emphasize play titles. Quotation marks are generally reserved for shorter works such as poems, short stories, or individual episodes of TV shows. Play titles should be formatted in correct italics, as mentioned earlier.
Q: Are there any exceptions to these formatting guidelines? A: Yes, there might be exceptions depending on the style guide or specific publication you are writing for. It is always a good practice to consult the preferred style guide or any specific guidelines provided by the publication to ensure consistency and accuracy.
Q: What other formatting considerations should be kept in mind when writing plays? A: In addition to the correct formatting of the title, it is important to properly format the entire play script. This includes keeping dialogue indented, character names centered, and stage directions in italics. Following a recognized playwriting format can greatly enhance the readability and professionalism of your work.
Q: Where can I find more detailed information on play title formatting? A: To gain a deeper understanding of play title formatting, it is recommended to refer to trusted style guides such as The Chicago Manual of Style or the MLA Handbook. These resources provide comprehensive guidelines for various types of writing, including formatting play titles accurately.
In conclusion, when writing, it is important to remember that play titles should be italicized or underlined. This simple rule can prevent confusion and ensure your writing adheres to standard formatting guidelines.
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- MLA titles: Formatting and capitalization rules
MLA Titles | How to Format & Capitalize Source Titles
Published on April 2, 2019 by Courtney Gahan . Revised on October 24, 2022.
In MLA style , source titles appear either in italics or in quotation marks:
- Italicize the title of a self-contained whole (e.g. a book, film, journal, or website).
- Use quotation marks around the title if it is part of a larger work (e.g. a chapter of a book, an article in a journal, or a page on a website).
All major words in a title are capitalized . The same format is used in the Works Cited list and in the text itself.
When you use the Scribbr MLA Citation Generator, the correct formatting and capitalization are automatically applied to titles.
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Table of contents
Capitalization in mla titles, punctuation in mla titles, titles within titles, exceptions to mla title formatting, sources with no title, abbreviating titles, titles in foreign languages, frequently asked questions about mla titles.
In all titles and subtitles, capitalize the first and last words, as well as any other principal words.
What to capitalize
What not to capitalize, receive feedback on language, structure, and formatting.
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Use the same punctuation as appears in the source title. However, if there is a subtitle, separate it from the main title with a colon and a space, even if different (or no) punctuation is used in the source.
Example of a work with a subtitle
The exception is when the title ends in a question mark, exclamation point or dash, in which case you keep the original punctuation:
Sometimes a title contains another title—for example, the title of an article about a novel might contain that novel’s title.
For titles within titles, in general, maintain the same formatting as you would if the title stood on its own.
Titles and names that fall into the following categories are not italicized or enclosed in quotation marks:
- Scripture (e.g. the Bible, the Koran, the Gospel)
- Laws, acts and related documents (e.g. the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution , the Paris Agreement)
- Musical compositions identified by form, number and key (e.g. Beethoven’s Symphony no. 5 in C minor, op. 67)
- Conferences, seminars, workshops and courses (e.g. MLA Annual Convention)
Sections of a work
Words that indicate a particular section of a work are not italicized or placed within quotation marks. They are also not capitalized when mentioned in the text.
Examples of such sections include:
- list of works cited
Introductions, prefaces, forewords and afterwords
Descriptive terms such as “introduction”, “preface”, “foreword” and “afterword” are capitalized if mentioned in an MLA in-text citation or in the Works Cited list, but not when mentioned in the text itself.
Example of descriptive term capitalization
In-text citation: (Brontë, Preface )
In text: In her preface to the work, added in a later edition, Brontë debates the morality of creating characters such as those featured in Wuthering Heights .
If there is a unique title for the introduction, preface, foreword or afterword, include that title in quotation marks instead of the generic section name when referencing the source in the Works Cited list or an in-text citation.
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For sources with no title, a brief description of the source acts as the title.
Example of a source reference with no title
Follow these rules for capitalization:
- Capitalize the first word
- Capitalize proper nouns
- Ignore other MLA rules for capitalization
There are some exceptions to this general format: descriptions including titles of other works, such as comments on articles or reviews of movies; untitled short messages, like tweets; email messages; and untitled poems.
Exceptions to general format for sources with no title
If you need to mention the name of a work in the text itself, state the full title, but omit the subtitle.
If you need to refer to the work multiple times, you may shorten the title to something familiar or obvious to the reader. For example, Huckleberry Finn for The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn . If in doubt, prefer the noun phrase.
If the standalone abbreviation may not be clear, you can introduce it in parentheses, following the standard guidelines for abbreviations. For example, The Merchant of Venice ( MV ) . For Shakespeare and the Bible , there are well-established abbreviations you can use.
When you abbreviate a title, make sure you keep the formatting consistent. Even if the abbreviation consists only of letters, as in the MV example, it must be italicized or placed within quotation marks in the same way as it would be when written in full.
Abbreviating very long titles in the Works Cited list
Titles should normally be given in full in the Works Cited list, but if any of your sources has a particularly long title (often the case with older works), you can use an ellipsis to shorten it here. This is only necessary with extremely long titles such as the example below.
In the Works Cited list, if you are listing a work with a title in a language other than English, you can add the translated title in square brackets.
Example of a reference with a translated title
If you are using the foreign-language title in the text itself, you can also include the translation in parenthesis. For example, O Alquimista ( The Alchemist ) .
You don’t need to include a translation in your reference list or in the text if you expect your readers to be familiar with the original language. For example, you wouldn’t translate the title of a French novel you were writing about in the context of a French degree.
Non-Latin script languages
For works in a language that does not use the Latin alphabet, such as Arabic, Chinese, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, or Russian, be consistent with how you mention the source titles and also quotations from within them.
For example, if you choose to write a Russian title in the Cyrillic form, do that throughout the document. If you choose to use the Romanized form, stick with that. Do not alternate between the two.
Yes. MLA style uses title case, which means that all principal words (nouns, pronouns , verbs, adjectives , adverbs , and some conjunctions ) are capitalized.
This applies to titles of sources as well as the title of, and subheadings in, your paper. Use MLA capitalization style even when the original source title uses different capitalization .
In MLA style , book titles appear in italics, with all major words capitalized. If there is a subtitle, separate it from the main title with a colon and a space (even if no colon appears in the source). For example:
The format is the same in the Works Cited list and in the text itself. However, when you mention the book title in the text, you don’t have to include the subtitle.
The title of a part of a book—such as a chapter, or a short story or poem in a collection—is not italicized, but instead placed in quotation marks.
When a book’s chapters are written by different authors, you should cite the specific chapter you are referring to.
When all the chapters are written by the same author (or group of authors), you should usually cite the entire book, but some styles include exceptions to this.
- In APA Style , single-author books should always be cited as a whole, even if you only quote or paraphrase from one chapter.
- In MLA Style , if a single-author book is a collection of stand-alone works (e.g. short stories ), you should cite the individual work.
- In Chicago Style , you may choose to cite a single chapter of a single-author book if you feel it is more appropriate than citing the whole book.
The title of an article is not italicized in MLA style , but placed in quotation marks. This applies to articles from journals , newspapers , websites , or any other publication. Use italics for the title of the source where the article was published. For example:
Use the same formatting in the Works Cited entry and when referring to the article in the text itself.
The MLA Handbook is currently in its 9th edition , published in 2021.
This quick guide to MLA style explains the latest guidelines for citing sources and formatting papers according to MLA.
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Quotation Marks or Italics In Titles?
| Candace Osmond
Candace Osmond studied Advanced Writing & Editing Essentials at MHC. She’s been an International and USA TODAY Bestselling Author for over a decade. And she’s worked as an Editor for several mid-sized publications. Candace has a keen eye for content editing and a high degree of expertise in Fiction.
You’ve probably asked yourself while writing an essay: Should I italicize a play title or enclose it in quotation marks? What about a song title?
Don’t feel guilty for not knowing the rules for quotation marks or italics in titles . Even the most experienced writers have the same problem.
I’ll show you the basic rules for choosing between quotation marks and italics in titles. This guide features the guidelines of Chicago, MLA, and APA.
Using Italics or Quotation Marks in Titles
Using italics vs. quotation marks in titles depends on your style guide. But the general rule is to italicize long titles, such as titles of books, movie titles, or album titles.
Meanwhile, you must write titles in quotation marks for shorter pieces like musical titles, magazines, TV series, and articles. Note that the AP style does not put magazines, newspaper style, or journals in quotation marks.
- “How You Feel About Gender Roles Will Tell Us How You’ll Vote” is an article worth the read.
- My favorite song is “If I could Fly.”
- My Year of Rest and Relaxation is for readers who want to escape their stressful lives.
Works That Require Italics
Use Italics for titles such as the following:
- Pieces with sections, such as a collection or anthology.
- Some scientific names.
- Computers and video games.
- Titles of newspapers and titles of articles from newspapers.
- Play titles.
- Works of art.
- Court cases.
- Television and radio shows.
- Episode titles.
- Book titles.
- Magazine articles.
- Album titles.
- Names of Ships.
- Operas, musical titles, and other musical works.
Here are some examples of italicized works:
- The Seven Husbands of Evelyn Hugo.
- Michelangelo’s David.
- When Harry Met Sally.
- Do you have a copy of Wag the Dog by award-winning author Larry Beinhart?
- My favorite mystery book is In the Woods by the bestselling author Tana French .
The source’s title is usually italicized in a bibliography or reference list entries. But it can also depend on the source type. If you’re citing a journal article, every citation style italicizes the journal title instead of the article.
- Asher, J. (2017). Thirteen reasons why . Penguin Books.
- (2011). When Harry met Sally . Santa Monica, Calif: MGM Studio distributed by Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment.
Works That Require Quotation Marks
Use double quotes for the following types of work.
- Comic strips.
- Article title.
- Generic titles.
- Short works like essays
- Short story titles.
- Song titles.
Remember that quotation marks come in pairs, so add both opening and closing quotation marks. Here are some examples where we use friendly quotation marks in titles:
- “Cul de Sac” is a darkly humorous comic.
- “Cinderella” is my favorite chapter title from the Big Blue Book .
Big Things vs. Little Things
“Big things” include a collection of novels or book series, movies, cartoon series, and other works that can stand independently. We can also consider them as complete bodies of work.
Meanwhile, the “little things” depend on other groups, so we put them in quotes.
Think of a “single” in an album title or a “book chapter” in a book title. Another good example includes “manuscripts” in collections.
Remember that this isn’t a perfect rule. But it helps writers determine whether they should quote or italicize the title of a work.
Italics vs. Quotation Marks in Style Guides
The grammar rules on italicizing or quoting titles are usually a matter of style. Take a look at the title formats’ differences among style guides.
In the Modern Language Association style guide, a quick rule is to italicize titles that are longer. Experienced writers state that these “longer works” include books, journals, court cases, etc. Ship names and other notable names are also in italics.
But for shorter works like articles and poems, MLA Style Guide recommends you format titles with double quotation marks.
The Chicago Manual of Style goes by the same basic rules as MLA. Titles of major works, such as books, and special names like a ship should be in italics. But place the item in quotation marks for subsections of larger bodies like journal articles, blogs, and book chapters.
According to the APA Style 7th edition , you should use italics for titles like journals, magazines, and newspapers. Books, artworks, webpages, and any other larger body of work also use italics.
However, writers who follow APA use the regular type of format for shorter works. These include essays or works in journal articles and lectures.
When to Not Use Italics or Quotation Marks
There’s a specific type of title that all major style guides have no recommendations for. The following do not use italics or quotation marks for titles:
- Commercial products.
- Political documents.
- Legal documents.
- Major religious books or scriptures.
- Name of artifacts.
- Names of buildings.
- Constitutional documents.
- Traditional game.
If you are formatting titles on a website, there’s no need to follow the rules on italics vs. quotation marks. You can go with any more visually appealing style since online web pages are less formal than print materials.
Prioritize the font type, size, and headings when formatting websites and web pages. Make decisions based on what will attract visitors.
When to Underline Instead of Quote or Italicize
If you write using pen and paper, italicizing works can be challenging. Many style manuals recommend underlining the source instead. It’s easier, more practical, and keeps your handwriting legible.
Final Word on Italics vs. Quotes in Titles
An easy way to remember is that most types of titles are almost always in italics. APA, MLA, and Chicago manuals of style recommend italics for longer works.
I hope this guide on using quotation marks and italics in titles helps you become a better writer.
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- Spartanburg Community College Library
- SCC Research Guides
- Citing a Play
Citing a Play from Textbook
Format: Author. Title of Play in Italics . Title of Textbook, edited by Editor Name, edition, vol. #, Publisher, Year, Page Numbers.
Example: Hansberry, Lorraine. A Raisin in the Sun. The Norton Anthology of African American Literature ,
edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. and Valerie Smith, 3rd ed. vol. 2, W.W. Norton and Company, 2014, pp. 470-532.
Citing a Play in a Book
*Note: this citation should be used if you find your play in a book where the play is the entire book
Format: Author. Title of Play in Italics. Edition, Publisher, Year. Database Name in Italics (if electronic), URL.
Example: Sophocles. Antigone. Translated by David Mulroy, University of Wisconsin Press, 2013. ProQuest Ebook Central, ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/sccsc/detail.action?docID=3445283.
There are several ways to do in-text citations for plays. Depending on what information you have about your play will determine how you do your in-text citations.
Using Line Numbers
Example: (Hansberry, 4.5. lines 171-9)
*Note: If the text of your play includes line numbers on the side of the page, then replace the page number with the act, scene, and line numbers.
*Notes: Once you establish you are using line numbers for your in-text citations, you no longer need to use the word "line" in your parenthetical citation.
*Note: If you have used the author's name or the play's title in the signal phrase before introducing a quote, you do not need to include it in your in-text citation.
Using Page Numbers
Example : (Wilson 200)
*Note: If lines in your play are not numbered, you can use the page number in your citation.
Sample Drama Paper
- Sample Drama Paper with Line Number Citations This sample drama paper will show examples of in-text citations using line numbers.
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AP Style Composition Titles
Home » AP Style » AP Style Composition Titles
The following guidelines are rules set out in the AP Stylebook for AP style book titles, computer game titles, AP Style movie titles, opera titles, play titles, poem titles, album titles, AP Style song titles, radio and television titles, and the titles of lectures, speeches, and work of art.
In AP Style, magazines names and titles are governed by their own rules. See AP Style Magazine Names .
How to Capitalize Composition Titles
Capitalize the principal words, including prepositions and conjunctions of four or more letters.
Capitalize an article (a, an, the) or words of fewer than four letters if it is the first or last word in the title.
Put quotation marks around the names of all of the aforementioned types of works except the Bible and books that are primarily catalogs or reference materials. Items of reference include almanacs, directories, dictionaries, encyclopedias, gazetteers, handbooks, and other such similar publications. You should not include quotations around such software titles such as Adobe Photoshop or Windows.
You should translate a foreign title into an English one unless the specific word is commonly known by its foreign name. There is one exception to this and that is for reviews of musical performances. In such instances, you should generally refer to the work in the language that it was sung in, so as to differentiate it for your reader. However, musical compositions in Slavic languages are always referred to in their English translations.
For other classical music titles, use quotation marks around the composition’s nicknames but not compositions that are identified by their sequence. For example,
- Beethoven’s “New World Symphony,” but Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9.
Below are a number of examples for composition titles in AP Style,
AP Style Book Titles
- “To Kill a Mockingbird”
- “The Magician’s Nephew”
- “Of Mice and Men”
AP Style Movie Titles
- “Saving Private Ryan”
- “Trouble With the Curve”
- “The Dark Knight Rises”
AP Style Song Titles
- “Stairway to Heaven”
- “Good Vibrations
AP Style Videogame Titles
- “Call of Duty”
- “God of War”
- “Tom Clancy’s Splinter Cell”
AP Style Opera Titles
- “A Night in the Chinese Opera”
- “Nixon in China”
- “The Lighthouse”
AP Style Play Titles
- “The Sound of Music”
- “The Book of Mormon”
- “Fiddler on the Roof”
AP Style Poem Titles
- “The Road Not Taken”
- “A Pretty a Day”
- “Seeker of Truth”
AP Style Album Titles
- “Appetite for Destruction”
- “And Justice for All”
- “Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band”
AP Style Television Titles
- “How I Met Your Mother”
- “The Tonight Show”
- “Good Morning America”
AP Style Website Titles
Most websites and apps are capitalized without quotations. For example,
“Farmville” and similar computer games apps are an exception and should be in quotes.
For classical compositions, use quotation marks around the composition’s nicknames but not compositions identified by its sequence. For example,
- Dvorak’s “New World Symphony.”
- Dvorak’s Symphony No. 9.
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Table of Contents
Collaboration, information literacy, writing process, quoting plays and poetry in mla.
- © 2023 by Angela Eward-Mangione - Hillsborough Community College
The rules for quoting drama and/or poetry in Modern Language Association (MLA) Style differ from those for quoting the genre of prose. This article discusses rules for using MLA style to format quotes from drama and poetry. Consult the MLA Handbook to learn more.
The MLA Handbook offers specific guidelines for quoting poetry.
In addition to the amount quoted and line breaks, other factors that matter include stanza breaks, and unusual layouts.
Special Issues: Stanza Breaks, Unusual Layouts
Stanza Breaks: Mark stanza breaks that occur in a quotation with two forward slashes, with a space before and after them ( / / ) (78).
William Carlos Williams depicts a vivid image in “The Red Wheelbarrow”: “so much depends / / upon / / a red wheel / / barrow / / glazed with rain / / water / / beside the white / / chickens” (“Williams”).
Unusual Layouts: If the layout of the lines in the original text is unusual, reproduce it as accurately as you can (79).
The English metaphysical John Donne uses indentation in some of his poems to create unusual layouts, as the first stanza of including “A Valediction: of Weeping” demonstrates:
Let me pour forth My tears before they face, whilst I stay here, For thy face coins them, and thy stamp they bear, And by this mintage they are something worth, For thus they be Pregnant of thee; Fruits of much grief they are, emblems of more, When a tear falls, that thou falls which it bore, So thou and I are nothing then, when on a divers shore. (lines 1-9)
When you must quote dialogue from a play, adhere to these rules:
- Set the quotation off from your text.
- Indent each name half an inch from the left margin and write it in all capital letters.
- Follow the name with a period and then start the quotation.
- Indent all other lines in the character’s speech an additional amount.
- When the dialogue shifts to another character, start a new line indented half an inch.
- Maintain this pattern throughout the quotation (80).
Example: One of the flashbacks in Margaret Edson’s Wit suggests Vivian Bearing’s illness causes her to question some of her previous interactions with students:
STUDENT 1. Professor Bearing? Can I talk to you for a minute?
VIVIAN: You may.
STUDENT 1: I need to ask for an extension on my paper. I’m really sorry, and I know your policy, but see—
VIVIAN: Don’t tell me. Your grandmother died.
STUDENT 1: You knew.
VIVIAN: It was a guess.
STUDENT 1: I have to go home.
VIVIAN: Do what you will, but the paper is due when it is due. (63)
Omissions: Follow the rules for omissions in quotations of prose (83).
Although some of the rules for quoting plays and poetry in MLA differ than those for quoting prose, understanding the guidelines will help you apply them in any scenario.
Donne, John. “The Bait.” The Complete English Poems . Penguin Books, 1971, pp. 43-4.
—. “The Break of Day.” The Complete English Poems . Penguin Books, 1971, pp. 45-6. Edson, Margaret. Wit. Faber and Faber, 1993.
Shakespeare, William. Sonnet 39. The Pelican Shakespeare: The Sonnets . Penguin Books, 1970, p. 59.
Williams, William Carlos: “The Red Wheelbarrow.” Poetry Foundation. Poetry Foundation, www.poetryfoundation.org/resources/learning/core-poems/detail/45502 .
Yeats, William. “A Prayer for My Daughter.” The Collected Poems . Ed. Richard Finneran. Scribner, 1983, pp. 188-190.
Brevity - Say More with Less
Clarity (in Speech and Writing)
Coherence - How to Achieve Coherence in Writing
Flow - How to Create Flow in Writing
Inclusivity - Inclusive Language
The Elements of Style - The DNA of Powerful Writing
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Citation - Definition - Introduction to Citation in Academic & Professional Writing
- Joseph M. Moxley
Explore the different ways to cite sources in academic and professional writing, including in-text (Parenthetical), numerical, and note citations.
Collaboration - What is the Role of Collaboration in Academic & Professional Writing?
Collaboration refers to the act of working with others or AI to solve problems, coauthor texts, and develop products and services. Collaboration is a highly prized workplace competency in academic...
Genre may reference a type of writing, art, or musical composition; socially-agreed upon expectations about how writers and speakers should respond to particular rhetorical situations; the cultural values; the epistemological assumptions...
Grammar refers to the rules that inform how people and discourse communities use language (e.g., written or spoken English, body language, or visual language) to communicate. Learn about the rhetorical...
Information Literacy - Discerning Quality Information from Noise
Information Literacy refers to the competencies associated with locating, evaluating, using, and archiving information. In order to thrive, much less survive in a global information economy — an economy where information functions as a...
Mindset refers to a person or community’s way of feeling, thinking, and acting about a topic. The mindsets you hold, consciously or subconsciously, shape how you feel, think, and act–and...
Rhetoric: Exploring Its Definition and Impact on Modern Communication
Learn about rhetoric and rhetorical practices (e.g., rhetorical analysis, rhetorical reasoning, rhetorical situation, and rhetorical stance) so that you can strategically manage how you compose and subsequently produce a text...
Style, most simply, refers to how you say something as opposed to what you say. The style of your writing matters because audiences are unlikely to read your work or...
The Writing Process - Research on Composing
The writing process refers to everything you do in order to complete a writing project. Over the last six decades, researchers have studied and theorized about how writers go about...
Writing studies refers to an interdisciplinary community of scholars and researchers who study writing. Writing studies also refers to an academic, interdisciplinary discipline – a subject of study. Students in...
Academic Writing – How to Write for the Academic Community
Professional Writing – How to Write for the Professional World
Authority – How to Establish Credibility in Speech & Writing
All you need to know about citations
How to cite a play in APA
To cite a play in a reference entry in APA style 6th edition include the following elements:
- Author(s) of the play: Give the last name and initials (e. g. Watson, J. D.) of up to seven authors with the last name preceded by an ampersand (&). For eight or more authors include the first six names followed by an ellipsis (…) and add the last author's name.
- Year of publication: Give the year in brackets followed by a full stop.
- Title of the play: Only the first letter of the first word and proper nouns are capitalized.
- Place of publication: List the city and the US state using the two-letter abbreviation. Spell out country names if outside of the UK or the USA.
- Publisher: Give the name of the publisher but omit terms, such as Publishers, Co., and Inc. Retain the words Books and Press.
Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of a play in APA style 6th edition:
Author(s) of the play . ( Year of publication ). Title of the play . Place of publication : Publisher .
To cite a play in a reference entry in APA style 7th edition include the following elements:
- Author(s) of the play: Give the last name and initials (e. g. Watson, J. D.) of up to 20 authors with the last name preceded by an ampersand (&). For 21 or more authors include the first 19 names followed by an ellipsis (…) and add the last author's name.
Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of a play in APA style 7th edition:
Author(s) of the play . ( Year of publication ). Title of the play . Publisher .
APA reference list examples
Take a look at our reference list examples that demonstrate the APA style guidelines for a play citation in action:
A play with one author
Williams, T . ( 2009 ). Cat on a hot tin roof . London, England : Penguin Classics .
Williams, T . ( 2009 ). Cat on a hot tin roof . Penguin Classics .
A play with two authors
Manoussi, J., & Timmory, G . ( 1902 ). Un beau marriage . Paris, France : Librairie Théâtrale .
A book with two authors
Manoussi, J., & Timmory, G . ( 1902 ). Un beau marriage . Librairie Théâtrale .
APA in-text citations
APA-style in-text citations for plays follow the standard author-date format used for other mediums like books.
In practice, using one of the examples of plays from above, an in-text citation will look like this:
Similar to his other works, Cat on a hot tin roof explores the theme of the broken man (Williams, 2009) .
When citing plays, you can expand on the in-text citation by adding the act, scene, and line number at the end of the citation. Take a look at this example:
In-text citation of a play including act, scene and line numbers
This passage of Hamlet is essential to establishing the resolve in Gertrude's character (Shakespeare, trans. 1992, 1.2.70-72 ).
This citation style guide is based on the official Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association ( 6 th edition).
More useful guides
- APA citation guide on plays
- Santa Monica College APA guide for theatre arts
More great BibGuru guides
- Harvard: how to cite a film
- Chicago: how to cite an annual report
- AMA: how to cite a Khan academy video
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How to Write the Title of a Play in an Essay
Sponsored fun_master 17 Mar , 2020 0
“Romeo and Juliet”, “Hamlet”, “Betrayal” and “The Cherry Orchard”. Do these titles sound familiar to you? Ever read any of these books? Do you know that there are films and plays about them? These are works of great authors that are still interesting to read to this day. They act as good examples of how you should write a play title. This article will help to give you tips on how you can come up with interesting titles for any play essay you write. Take time and read through to know how to attract and captivate the audience.
Consider addressing a specialist as an alternative to spending hours creating a title and the essay itself. A simple ‘ help me write my essay ‘ request can save you time that you can use to your own benefit!
Focus on keywords
Any good title must include the keywords of an essay. This is because the keywords help to capture the attention of your teacher or the target audience. Including keywords in the essay title is important because they provide more information to the reader about what the play is about. They enable the reader to get to know the ‘Where’ and ‘When’ of what you are writing about. If you combine these keywords well with topic keywords, you will come up with a captivating title. This will ensure that your essay has a professional image.
Focusing on keywords helps in defining the field, subfield, topic and other vital issues that your play covers. This will be beneficial when someone tries to search for your work on the internet. Most databases and search engines like Google and journal websites use keywords to search for your paper. This makes it easy for the reader to find your essay.
Use your Thesis
When reading, the title of the article, book or essay you are reading informs you about what and why you are reading. This means that you will have to write your thesis statement before you come up with the heading or title of your play. By now, you know that a thesis statement is a sentence that you use to state the main idea of an essay. And, it helps you to have control over the main points of your paper.
A thesis is vital when you are coming up with the title of an essay. A good and interesting topic will play a significant role in making the audience have a reason to read your essay. And the ideal place which can motivate and persuade them to read your paper is from the thesis statement. Hence, you need to use your thesis well to develop an impressive topic for your essay.
If you are having problems with coming up with an interesting title for your essay or you cannot write the essay at all, help is a mouse click away. Get on your browser and log on to https://perfectessay.com/write-my-essay-in-1-day . They have professionals who will help you with writing any type of essay you have.
This is another important tip that should guide you on how to write a good title for your essay. Many students fail to use this tip and end up with poor titles for their writing. Thus, you need to try and come up with examples and analyze them. You can consider this example, ‘A Street Car Named Desire’ which is a play by Tennessee Williams. The title of these book hooks the attention of the reader from the onset. He or she will have the interest to know more about what the play is all about. The title makes the reader have questions as to what the author is writing about in the book.
After reading the novel’s title, the reader is in a state of suspense. This pushes them to figure out what the rest of the story is all about hence forcing them to continue reading. The title of the book also makes it easy for anyone searching for it on the internet or a database to identify it as a play novel by Tennessee Williams. The reader will now that it is a novel that talks about personal losses that have become one of the most successful plays of the 20th century.
Use popular phrases and clichés
Popular phrases and clichés can help you to come up with an interesting title for your play essay. It is one of the easiest ways to write titles for your essays. Catchphrases that apply to the topic of the paper you are writing end up making interesting titles. This happens when the phrase you choose to use is hilarious and creates a captivating pun.
Apart from phrases, you can use clichés to come up with a good title for your essay. You can choose to twist them a little to re-work and customize them to your paper. Clichés are easy to come across. However, you need to be careful not to use any that you come across for the mere fact that it is popular. The phrase you use must be relevant to the topic you are writing about. Choose a cliché and adapt it well to your essay, and you will end up with a good title for your paper.
Practice writing titles
One of the most popular phrases in the world today is practice makes perfect. Teachers, coaches, and parents use this phrase to encourage students and kids to improve in different areas. Athletes take time to practice to become better in their sport. Actors practice their roles and go through their lines over and over again to become better in the roles there are acting in. This is something that you should put into consideration and practice if you want to become good on how to title an essay. The more you do it, the better you become.
After writing your thesis statement, you can pick a title for your essay. Take time and think of ways you can improve it. Write all the improvements you make on paper and you will realize that with each attempt, you are improving. Each new title you come up with will be better than the last one. If you are unable to develop impressive and fascinating titles, you can get help from Essay Zoo . Contact them and let them help you with your essay.
In conclusion, the title of any essay plays an important role. It determines whether a reader will have an interest in reading your writing. Coming up with an interesting title is not easy but if you follow the tips in this article and put them into good use, then you will be on your way to coming up with good titles. Challenge yourself and practice writing titles and you will see yourself improving over time. Author: Christopher Mansfield About the author: Christopher Mansfield is a content writer at PerfectEssay. He creates, edits and manages the production of digital and print content that is consistent with the organization’s brand, style and tone. Christopher works closely with internal marketing team to ensure timely delivery of content via various marketing channels and mediums. He also develops and maintains an editorial calendar. He contributes to the webinar program to further thought leadership campaigns for different market segments.
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How to Write a Book Name in an Essay
Last Updated: February 14, 2024 Fact Checked
This article was co-authored by Noah Taxis and by wikiHow staff writer, Danielle Blinka, MA, MPA . Noah Taxis is an English Teacher based in San Francisco, California. He has taught as a credentialed teacher for over four years: first at Mountain View High School as a 9th- and 11th-grade English Teacher, and then at UISA (Ukiah Independent Study Academy) as a Middle School Independent Study Teacher. He is now a high school English at St. Ignatius College Preparatory school in San Francisco. He recived a MA in Secondary Education and Teaching from Stanford University’s Graduate School of Education. He also received a MA in Comparative and World Literature from University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and a BA in International Literary & Visual Studies and English from Tufts University. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 60,900 times.
When you’re writing an essay that includes a book title, it can be confusing to write the title correctly. However, it’s really easy once you know the rules. How you write the title will vary a little bit depending on the style your instructor assigns and if you are typing or handwriting the essay. Luckily, it's easy to follow the rules for writing a book name in an essay.
Typing an Essay in MLA or Chicago Style Format
- For example, you would write To Kill a Mockingbird , The Lord of the Rings , or Wuthering Heights .
- If you have the book name in front of you, you can just copy it down as it is printed.
- Articles include a, an, and the.
- Prepositions include at, in, on, of, about, since, from, for, until, during, over, above, under, underneath, below, beneath, near, by, next to, between, among, and opposite.
- Coordinating conjunctions include the FANBOYS, which are for, and, not, but, or, yet, and
- For example, you would write the name of William Faulkner’s novel Absalom, Absalom! with both the comma and the exclamation point in italics.
- If the highlight bar goes away, try again, making sure that you don’t click anywhere on the page after you highlight the book name.
- Alternatively, you can press the italicize icon before you type the title.
- If you’re using Microsoft Word to type your essay, the italicize key may appear if you hover over the highlighted book name.
- If the next word after your title appears italicized when you resume typing, simply highlight it and click the italicize icon to remove the formatting.
- For example, The Lord of the Rings trilogy is sometimes published in one volume. In this case, you could write the name of the first novel as "The Fellowship of the Ring" when citing it in an essay.
Typing an Essay in APA Format
- Capitalize the first letter of the words, not the entire word.
- If the word is a two-part hyphenated word in the title, you should capitalize both words. For example, you would write Blue River: The Trial of a Mayor-Elect .
- If there is a dash or colon in the title, you should capitalize the word after the punctuation, regardless of how long the word is. As above, you would write Blue River: The Trial of a Mayor-Elect .
- For example, you would write Philip K. Dick’s Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? with the question mark italicized.
- If the book name is not highlighted, left click and drag your cursor again, making sure that you don’t click again anywhere on the page.
- If you are using Microsoft Word, the italics icon may appear when you hover over the highlighted book title. It’s okay to click this key.
Handwriting an Essay
- For MLA and Chicago style essays, capitalize the first word of the book name and every word other than articles, prepositions, or coordinating conjunctions. For example, write The Lord of the Rings .
- If you’re using APA style, capitalize the first word and all words longer than 4 letters.  X Research source This means you would write Public Policy in Local Government .
- If you’re writing on lined paper, it may help to follow along the line of the paper. However, make sure your line is dark enough so that your instructor will see that you properly underlined the book name.
- For example, you would write Judy Blume’s Are You There, God? It’s Me, Margaret by underlining the punctuation marks as well as the words.
Thanks for reading our article! If you’d like to learn more about academic writing, check out our in-depth interview with Noah Taxis .
- ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/mla_general_format.html
- ↑ https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/subject_specific_writing/writing_in_literature/writing_about_literature/formatting.html
- ↑ https://www.grammarly.com/blog/underline-or-italicize-book-titles/
- ↑ https://askus.library.wwu.edu/faq/116757
- ↑ https://libguides.up.edu/apa/books_ebooks
- ↑ https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/italics-quotations/italics
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10 Best Plays To Write About In Your Paper
When you study at college, you frequently get assigned to write essays on various topics. That is why developing your essay writing skills is essential. You might get tedious written tasks from time to time, but some of the tasks are inspiring. One common type of essay is movie and play reviews. This task is not hard if you are a fan of plays, but we will help you out if you are not. That being said, if you are not a fan of plays, writing a college essay assignment can seem like an impossible task. In that case, you can always take help from professionals and ask them to write my college essay for me . In this article, we gathered several of the best plays to write about in your paper.
- “A Streetcar Named Desire” by Tennessee Williams
This play deserves attention for several reasons. First, it won the Pulitzer Prize. Second, this play starring Marlon Brando brought a significant role for him, starting his path of fame. This play is beloved by dramaturges and actors of all ages.
- “Night Mother” by Marsha Norman
This is a hard play with a dark topic committed to family relationships, and suicidal intentions will make an essay stand out, as the topic is rare and unusual. You can pick this play if you need to impress your teacher. One of the play’s unique aspects is that the action takes place in a single room, and it consists of only one conversation. This affects the atmosphere of the play.
- “The Importance of Being Earnest” by Oscar Wilde
This significant play written by one of the most well-known authors of all time, Oscar Wilde, was first seen in 1895. And despite the age of the play, it continues to engage the readership today because of the author’s timeless sense of humor.
- “Richard III” by William Shakespeare
“Richard III” is a legendary historical tragedy and also one of William Shakespeare’s best works. The play is considered the second-longest in the author’s canon. Shakespeare discovers his favorite topics of fatalism and free will, bounding them with comedic elements.
- “Machinal” by Sophie Treadwell
One of the notable plays of the 20th century was written by American journalist Sophie Treadwell. It is based on real-life events and tells a story of an executed murderer, a woman named Ruth Snyder. It has an authentic rhythm and can be challenging to read.
- “Betrayal” by Harold Pinter
Another Nobel Prize winner created this significant and well-known play in 1978. Among the critics, this work of Harold Pinter was recognized as the best of his plays. The action takes place in the setting of picturesque Venice and London. The play was adapted as a screenplay for the film of the same name by David Jones.
- “The Caucasian Chalk Circle” by Bertolt Brecht
One of the notable European playwrights, Bertolt Brecht, created this play in a modernist style. The play’s plot is connected to family values and tells a touching story of a young girl who kidnapped a child from his natural parents and became a better parent for him. This play is beloved by actors and acting teachers from all over the world.
- “Arms and the Man” by George Bernard Shaw
It is a good choice of play to write about if you are assigned to describe a comedy plot. It is an excellent example of a comedic play created by legendary Irish writer George Bernard Shaw in 1894. The play raises such complicated topics as war and its influence on people.
- “Miss Julie” by August Strindberg
This great play’s style also touches suicidal aspects of human nature and the relationships between people that lead to tragedy. Critics consider the play as one of the most significant works by Swedish dramatist August Strindberg.
- “American Buffalo” by David Mamet
This play was created in 1975 and represents a great example of the author’s sharp and sometimes vulgar style for dialogues between characters. Modern actors who are willing to set themselves free from society’s moral boundaries love this play.
These are some of the most exciting and notable plays to write about in your paper. Hopefully, you will find here inspiration and working ideas for your essays. If you do not feel confident enough to create a good play review by yourself, you can always count on skilled authors’ professional help from a reliable writing service.
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EU AI Act: first regulation on artificial intelligence
The use of artificial intelligence in the EU will be regulated by the AI Act, the world’s first comprehensive AI law. Find out how it will protect you.
As part of its digital strategy , the EU wants to regulate artificial intelligence (AI) to ensure better conditions for the development and use of this innovative technology. AI can create many benefits , such as better healthcare; safer and cleaner transport; more efficient manufacturing; and cheaper and more sustainable energy.
In April 2021, the European Commission proposed the first EU regulatory framework for AI. It says that AI systems that can be used in different applications are analysed and classified according to the risk they pose to users. The different risk levels will mean more or less regulation. Once approved, these will be the world’s first rules on AI.
Learn more about what artificial intelligence is and how it is used
What Parliament wants in AI legislation
Parliament’s priority is to make sure that AI systems used in the EU are safe, transparent, traceable, non-discriminatory and environmentally friendly. AI systems should be overseen by people, rather than by automation, to prevent harmful outcomes.
Parliament also wants to establish a technology-neutral, uniform definition for AI that could be applied to future AI systems.
Learn more about Parliament’s work on AI and its vision for AI’s future
AI Act: different rules for different risk levels
The new rules establish obligations for providers and users depending on the level of risk from artificial intelligence. While many AI systems pose minimal risk, they need to be assessed.
Unacceptable risk AI systems are systems considered a threat to people and will be banned. They include:
- Cognitive behavioural manipulation of people or specific vulnerable groups: for example voice-activated toys that encourage dangerous behaviour in children
- Social scoring: classifying people based on behaviour, socio-economic status or personal characteristics
- Biometric identification and categorisation of people
- Real-time and remote biometric identification systems, such as facial recognition
Some exceptions may be allowed for law enforcement purposes. “Real-time” remote biometric identification systems will be allowed in a limited number of serious cases, while “post” remote biometric identification systems, where identification occurs after a significant delay, will be allowed to prosecute serious crimes and only after court approval.
AI systems that negatively affect safety or fundamental rights will be considered high risk and will be divided into two categories:
1) AI systems that are used in products falling under the EU’s product safety legislation . This includes toys, aviation, cars, medical devices and lifts.
2) AI systems falling into specific areas that will have to be registered in an EU database:
- Management and operation of critical infrastructure
- Education and vocational training
- Employment, worker management and access to self-employment
- Access to and enjoyment of essential private services and public services and benefits
- Law enforcement
- Migration, asylum and border control management
- Assistance in legal interpretation and application of the law.
All high-risk AI systems will be assessed before being put on the market and also throughout their lifecycle.
General purpose and generative AI
Generative AI, like ChatGPT, would have to comply with transparency requirements:
- Disclosing that the content was generated by AI
- Designing the model to prevent it from generating illegal content
- Publishing summaries of copyrighted data used for training
High-impact general-purpose AI models that might pose systemic risk, such as the more advanced AI model GPT-4, would have to undergo thorough evaluations and any serious incidents would have to be reported to the European Commission.
Limited risk AI systems should comply with minimal transparency requirements that would allow users to make informed decisions. After interacting with the applications, the user can then decide whether they want to continue using it. Users should be made aware when they are interacting with AI. This includes AI systems that generate or manipulate image, audio or video content, for example deepfakes.
On December 9 2023, Parliament reached a provisional agreement with the Council on the AI act . The agreed text will now have to be formally adopted by both Parliament and Council to become EU law. Before all MEPs have their say on the agreement, Parliament’s internal market and civil liberties committees will vote on it.
More on the EU’s digital measures
- Cryptocurrency dangers and the benefits of EU legislation
- Fighting cybercrime: new EU cybersecurity laws explained
- Boosting data sharing in the EU: what are the benefits?
- EU Digital Markets Act and Digital Services Act
- Five ways the European Parliament wants to protect online gamers
- Artificial Intelligence Act
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